Ukraine Air Force Tree

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Ukrainian Air Force

Повітряні сили Збройних сил України


Introduction:

This tech tree was made as a follow up suggestion for Yontzee’s Ukraine Ground Forces Tree suggestion, because separately, the Ukrainian Air Force tree may seem like a “copy-paste” tree and not unique enough to be added to the game in a separate form, but in Ukraine there are much more domestic developments in the field of ground forces, which makes it impossible to implement it as a subtree for any nation. But, despite all this, a certain number of Ukrainian developments are present in the tree. Therefore, I present the Ukrainian Air Force Tree.


Flags ,Emblems and roundels:

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Ukrainian Flag (1991-2006)


Ukrainian Flag (2006-current)


Ukrainian Roundel (current)


Ukrainian Fin flash (current)

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Tech Tree As It Would Appear In Game:


Brief Description: The Tech Tree consists of three branches. Ukrainian Air Force is relatively young, being founded only in 1992. Therefore it starts at rank 6, and would work in similar manner to Israeli Tree. It would require Rank 6 or higher aircraft from USSR or Ukrainian tree. The starter aircraft would be MiG-21UM, which is lowest sitting aircraft at the tree, sitting at BR 8.7 (air realistic battles).


Ukrainian Air Force History (1992-current):

The Air Force of Ukraine was created on March 17, 1992 in accordance with the directive of the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. The Air Force Command was formed at the headquarters of the 24th Air Army in Vinnitsa.

In 1992, on the territory of Ukraine, there were 4 air armies, 10 aviation divisions, 49 aviation regiments, 11 separate squadrons, 7 aviation schools (including 3 flight schools), special institutions and establishments. In total, there are about 669 military units, about 3,000 aircraft (1,500 of which are combat aircraft), more than 122,000 military personnel and 22,000 civilian workers.

Three air armies (1,100 combat aircraft) joined the Air Force of Ukraine:

  • Fighters: 2 divisions (8 regiments) — 80 MiG-23, 220 MiG-29, 40 Su-27;
  • Bombers: 2 divisions (5 regiments) — 150 Su-24;
  • Strategic bombers (long-range aviation): 2 divisions (3 regiments) — 30 Tu-16, 30 Tu-22, 36 Tu-22M;
  • Reconnaissance aviation: 3 regiments — 30 Tu-22, 15 MiG-25, 30 Su-17, 12 Su-24;
  • EW aviation regiment (electronic warfare): 35 Yak-28;
  • 4 aviation centers: 240 MiG-21, 60 Su-24, 550 L-39/L-29

From the mid to the late 90s, many aircraft were withdrawn from service. In 1993, MiG-25’s, then MiG-23’s, and by 1997, Su-15’s were also sent to storage bases.

As most of aircrafts were gradually taken out of service to the storage bases, Ukraine combat aircraft fleet became much smaller than of what it was in early 90s, and the remaining combat capable aircraft were: MiG-29 and Su-27 fighters, Su-24 bombers, Su-25 strike aircrafts and L-39 trainer jets which could be used as light strike aircrafts.

As in the case with any aircraft, with the time, they started to deteriorate and required modernization. Thats why Ukraine has launched various modification programs for existing aircraft, such as MiG-29MU1 in 2009 for MiG-29 aircraft, Su-25-M1 in 2010 for Su-25/Su-25UB, Su-27-1M in 2013 for Su-27P/Su-27S/Su-27UB/Su-27UP and further modernization of the MiG-29 with the MiG-29MU2 in 2019.

As a part of western aid for Ukraine in Russo-Ukrainian war, many western aircrafts are expected to be delivered, such as F-16, that United States has approved for sending from Denmark and the Netherlands.


Aircraft By Rank:

Rank VI

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MiG-21UM (8.7)

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Year : 1992 - Mid 90’ Development stage : Inherited from USSR

Brief history of service : In 1992, Ukraine inherited about 370 MiG-21 (UB and bis), some of which were adopted by aviation centers for the purpose of training pilots. It is unknown when these planes made their last flight. But certainly in the early 2000s, none of them were in service.

Armaments:

  • 1x A-12,7 12.7mm machine gun

2 underwing pylons to carry:

  • 2x S-5 / M / K unguided rockets
  • 2x S-24 unguided rockets
  • 2x FAB-100 bombs
  • 2x FAB-250 bombs
  • 2x FAB-500 bombs

Other info:

Wing Span: 7.15 meters

Length: 13.46 meters

Height: 4.80 meters

Powerplants: 1x TRDF R-11F2S-300

Max speed: at altitude 2175km/h, near the ground 1150km/h.

Max altitude: 17,300 meters

Range: 1210 km

Weight: Empty - 5,610 kg, Max takeoff - 8,000 kg

Proposed BR: 8.7

L-39U (9.7)

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Year: 2002 Development stage: Domestic modification (Prototype)

Brief history of service : The L-39U is a Ukrainian modernization project of the standard L-39C trainer aircraft from the early 2000s. The modernization included new avionics, a flare chaff, a new more powerful engine, and a 12.7 mm machine gun mount under the cockpit. The aircraft could carry a variety of weapons, including up to four R-60/M or R-73 missiles. It completed its maiden flight in 2002, but, unfortunately, never left the prototype stage.

Armaments:

  • 1x 12.7mm machine gun

4 underwing pylons to carry:

  • 4x R-60 air-to-air missiles
  • 4x R-60M air-to-air missiles
  • (4x R-73, but if added with it, it would be at much higher BR)
  • 2x B-8M rocket pods
  • 2x or 4x UB-16 rocket pods
  • 4x bombs with calibre up to 100 kg
  • 2x 250kg bombs
  • 2x UPK-23-250 gun containers

Other info:

Wing Span: 9.46 meters

Length: 12.13 meters

Height: 4.72 meters

Powerplants: 1x TRD AI-25TShL

Max speed: 799 km/h

Max altitude: 11,500 meters

Range: 925 km

Weight: Empty - 3,395 kg, Max takeoff - 5,600 kg

Proposed BR: 9.7 ( higher if added with R-73)

Su-25 (10.0)

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Year: 1992 - current Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Brief history of service : Like many others, it entered service in 1992. Ukraine inherited 76 Su-25’S (not including UB or UTG). Although modernization programs such as the Su-25M1 and M1K have been launched. Most of the Su-25s have not been modernized and are still in use today.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm GSh-30-2 cannon

8(10) underwing pylons to carry up to 4400 kg of payload. (bombs/unguided rockets etc.)

Highlights:

  • 2x R-60 IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • 2x R-60M IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • 4x Kh-25 laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • 4x Kh-25ML laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • 2x Kh-29L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • 4x S-25L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.

Other info:

Wing Span: 14.36 meters

Length: 15.36 meters

Height: 4.80 meters

Powerplants: 2x TRD R-195

Max speed: 975km/h

Max altitude: 10,000 meters

Range: 1,850 km

Weight: Empty - 9,500 kg, Max takeoff - 17,600 kg

Proposed BR: 10.0

Rank VII

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Su-25M1 (10.3)

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Year: 2010 - current Development stage: Domestic modification

Brief history of service : The Su-25M1 is a Ukrainian modernization of the old Su-25. In the modernization program, the aircraft mainly undergoes refurbishment and the replacement of avionics with newer ones from Ukrainian manufacturers. Thanks to modifications, it has improved navigation and targeting measures. It entered service in 2010, with about 16 modernized in total. In 2023 Su-25M1 was seen carrying western ammunition for the first time, to be more precise Zuni FFAR unguided rockets.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm GSh-30-2 cannon

8(10) underwing pylons to carry up to 4400 kg of payload. (bombs/unguided rockets etc.)

Highlights:

  • 2x R-60 IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • 2x R-60M IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • 4x Kh-25 laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • 4x Kh-25ML laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • 4x Kh-25MLP laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • 2x Kh-29L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • 4x S-25L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Zuni FFAR unguided rockets.

Other info:

Wing Span: 14.36 meters

Length: 15.36 meters

Height: 4.80 meters

Powerplants: 2x TRD R-195

Max speed: 975km/h

Max altitude: 10,000 meters

Range: 1,850 km

Weight: Empty - 9,500 kg, Max takeoff - 17,600 kg

Proposed BR: 10.3

Su-15TM (10.7)

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Year: 1992 - 1997 Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Brief history of service : Ukraine inherited 78 Su-15TM. They served in the 62nd and 636th Air Defense Fighter Regiments. After 5 years of operation, they were transferred to storage.

Armaments:

  • 2x GSh-23L twin-barreled 23mm machine gun

6 underwing pylons to carry:

  • R-60M IR guided air-to-air missile.
  • R-98 medium range air-to-air missile (IR or Radar capable).
  • R-98M medium range air-to-air missile (IR or Radar capable).
  • UB-16 rocket pods.
  • FAB-500 general-purpose bomb

Wing Span: 9.43 meters

Length: 19.56 meters

Height: 4.84 meters

Powerplants: 1x R-13F-300 afterburning turbojet

Max speed: 2,230 km/h

Max altitude: 18,100 meters

Range: 1,380 km

Weight: Empty - 10,760 kg, Max takeoff - 17,900 kg

Proposed BR: 10.7

Su-17UM3 (10.7)

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Year: 1992 - 2018(?) Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Brief history of service : Ukraine inherited a number of Su-17UM3 trainer aircraft, which were gradually withdrawn from service throughout the 1990s and early 2000s. It is known that the last airworthy aircraft was seen in 2018 while performing training flights.

Armaments:

  • 2x 30 mm NR-30 cannons (160 rounds)

10 underwing pylons to carry up to 3,600 kg of payload. (bombs/unguided rockets etc.)

Highlights:

  • R-60 IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • Kh-23M manually-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-25ML laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-29L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • S-25L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.

Other info:

Wing Span: 10.2-13.68 meters

Length: 19.02 meters

Height: 5.13 meters

Powerplants: 1x AL-21F-3

Max speed: 2,230 km/h

Max altitude: 14,000 meters

Range: 1,520 km

Weight: Empty - 11,800 kg, Max takeoff - 19,630 kg

Proposed BR: 10.7

Su-17M4R (11.0)

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Year: 1992 - Early 2000s Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Brief history of service : Su-17M4R served in air reconnaissance units of Ukraine AF until all were gradually taken out of service up to early 2000s.

Armaments:

  • 2x 30 mm NR-30 cannons (160 rounds)

12 underwing pylons to carry up to 4,000 kg of payload. (bombs/unguided rockets etc.)

Highlights:

  • R-60M IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • Kh-25ML laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-29L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-29T TV-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • S-25L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.

Other info:

Wing Span: 10.2-13.68 meters

Length: 19.02 meters

Height: 5.13 meters

Powerplants: 1x AL-21F-3

Max speed: 1,860 km/h

Max altitude: 14,200 meters

Range: 1,520 km

Weight: Empty - 12,160 kg, Max takeoff - 19,430 kg

Proposed BR: 11.0

MiG-21bis (11.0)

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Year: 1992 - Mid 90’s Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Brief history of service : In 1992, Ukraine inherited about 370 MiG-21 (UB and bis), some of which were adopted by aviation centers for the purpose of training pilots. It is unknown when these planes made their last flight. But certainly in the early 2000s, none of them were in service.

Armaments:

  • 1x GSh-23 twin-barreled 23mm machine gun

4 underwing pylons to carry:

  • R-60 / M IR guided air-to-air missile.
  • S-5 / M / K unguided rockets
  • S-24 unguided rockets
  • FAB-100 bombs
  • FAB-250 bombs
  • FAB-500 bombs

Other info:

Wing Span: 7.15 meters

Length: 15.76 meters

Height: 4.1 meters

Powerplants: 1x R-25-300 turbojet

Max speed: 2,230km/h

Max altitude: 19,000 meters

Range: 1,225 km

Weight: Empty - 5.46 t, Max takeoff - 10.1 t.

Proposed BR: 11.0

MiG-27D (11.0)

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Year: 1992 - 2001 Development stage: Inherited from USSR and preserved in storage

Brief history of service : Ukraine inherited 49 MiG-27s (M and D variants), they were under repair at the in Lviv and the storage base in Ovruch. The command of the Ukrainian Air Force did not intend to use the MiG-27. Nevertheless, the MiG-27s stationed at the plant, having undergone repairs and acceptance, were preserved with due care: almost all aircraft were sheltered from bad weather in closed workshops and hangars. Some MiG-27s were sold to Sri Lanka in early 2000’s. These aircraft were preserved in storage until 2001.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm GSh-6-30 cannon

7 underwing pylons to carry up to 4000 kg of payload. (bombs/unguided rockets etc.)

Highlights:

  • R-13M1 IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-60M IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • Kh-23M manually-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-25ML laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-29L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-29T TV-guided air-to-ground missile.

Other info:

Wing Span: 7.78-13.97 meters

Length: 17.08 meters

Height: 5 meters

Powerplants: 1x R-29-B-300 afterburning turbojet.

Max speed: 1,885 km/h at 8,000 meters, 1,350 km/h at sea level.

Max altitude: 14,000 meters

Range: 780 km

Weight: Empty - 11,908 kg, Max takeoff - 20,670 kg

Proposed BR: 11.0

MiG-23MLD (11.3)

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Year: 1992 - 2001 Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Brief history of service : Ukranie inherited 172 MiG-23’s (159 MLD’s and 13 UB’s) which were fielded amongst other frontline fighters like MiG-29’s and Su-27’s to protect skies of Ukraine in the early years of independence. The famous photo of the Ukrainian MiG-23MLD, in which it is seen with R-24 and R-60 missiles, was taken during combat readiness after the September 11 terrorist attacks, several aircraft were on combat readiness for 3 days. Two months later, the MiG-23s were finally withdrawn from Ukrainian service.

Armaments:

  • 1x GSh-23L twin-barreled 23mm machine gun

6 underwing pylons to carry up to 2,000 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • R-23R semi-active radar-homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-23T IR guided air-to-air missile.
  • R-24R semi-active radar-homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-24T IR guided air-to-air missile.
  • R-60M IR guided air-to-air missile.
  • Kh-23M manually-guided air-to-ground missile.

Other info:

Wing Span: 6.36-13.97 meters

Length: 16.7 meters

Height: 4.82 meters

Powerplants: 1x R-35-300 turbojet

Max speed: 2,445km/h

Max altitude: 18,500 meters

Range: 1,150 km

Weight: Empty - 9.6 t, Max takeoff - 18 t.

Proposed BR: 11.3

Rank VIII

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MiG-29 (12.0)

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Year: 1992 - current Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Brief history of service : MiG-29 is a main fighter aircraft of Ukraine, a total of about 200 were inherited into AF (9-12, 9-13 and UB variants) and they remain as a primary fighters alongside Su-27’s. Several modernization programs were launched such as MU1 and MU2 for 9-13’s.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm GSh-30-1 machiene gun

7 underwing pylons to carry up to 4,000 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • R-27ER semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27R semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27T semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-60 IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-60M IR-guided air-to-air missile.

Other info:

Wing Span: 11.36 meters

Length: 17.32 meters

Height: 4.73 meters

Powerplants: 2x RD-33 afterburning turbofan engines

Max speed: 2,450 km/h

Max altitude: 18,000 meters

Range: 1,430 km

Weight: Empty - 11 t, Max takeoff - 18 t.

Proposed BR: 12.0

Su-24M (12.0)

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Year: 1992 - current Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Brief history of service : Su-24 is a main Bomber aircraft of Ukraine, a total of about 150~200 were inherited into AF.

Armaments:

  • 1 x 23 mm cannon

8 underwing pylons to carry up to 8,000 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • Kh-23 air-to-ground missiles
  • Kh-25ML air-to-ground missiles
  • Kh-29L/T air-to-ground missiles
  • Kh-59 air-to-ground missiles
  • Kh-59M air-to-ground missiles
  • R-60 air-to-air missiles
  • KAB-500Kr laser guided bombs

Other info:

Wing Span: 10.37-17.34 meters

Length: 22.59 meters

Height: 6.19 meters

Powerplants: 2x AL-21F-3A turbojets

**Max speed:**1,320 km/h

Max altitude: 17,000 meters

Range: 560 - 1,250 km

Weight: Empty - 22.3 t, Max takeoff - 36 t.

Proposed BR: 12.0

MiG-29MU1 (12.7)

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Year: 2009 - current Development stage: Domestic modification

Brief history of service : MiG-29UM1 (Ukrainian Modernization 1) is the first stage of the MiG-29 modernization program, almost all of the aircraft’s avionics are replaced with the newer systems developed and manufactured in Ukraine.
The principal features of the first MiG-29MU1 upgrade are TA receiver integrated with the SN-3307 satellite navigation system, a more powerful N019-19 radar capable of detecting targets over a longer distance, an Omut electronic defense system that comprises a radar warning/reconnaissance sub-system, an updatable threat database with prioritization, as well as an electronic countermeasures system.
The MiG-29UM1 entered service in 2009, to this date 16 of such aircraft have been modified. Additionally, during the ongoing conflict, in the face of Western assistance, many of these aircraft were modified to carry weapons such as: AGM-88 HARM, GBU-32, GBU-39/B SDB and AASM-250 “Hammer”.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm GSh-30-1 machiene gun

7 underwing pylons to carry up to 4,000 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • Gran’ ( perspective IR-guided air-to-ait missile )
  • R-27ER semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27ER1 semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27ET semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27ET1 semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27R semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27T semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-60M IR-guided air-to-air missile.
  • R-73 IR-guided air-to-air missile.
  • AGM-88 HARM Anti-radiation missile
  • GBU32 Joint Direct Attack Munition
  • AASM-250 “Hammer” guided aerial bomb
  • GBU-39/В SDB guided aerial bomb

Other info:

Wing Span: 11.36 meters

Length: 17.32 meters

Height: 4.73 meters

Powerplants: 2x RD-33 afterburning turbofan engines

Max speed: 2,450 km/h

Max altitude: 18,000 meters

Range: 1,430 km

Weight: Empty - 11 t, Max takeoff - 18 t.

Proposed BR: 12.3-12.7

MiG-29MU2 (12.7)

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Year: 2019 - current Development stage: Domestic modification

Brief history of service : MiG-29UM2 (Ukrainian Modernization 2) is a phase two of MiG-29 modernization program. Based on the MiG-29MU1, the MiG-29MU2 adds several new systems, including an upgraded 20PM weapons-management system, further upgrade of the radio system, replacement of the navigation system, and the MSD-2000 databus.
One of the main features of the MU2 is its enhanced capability to strike ground targets. Unlike earlier versions of MiG-29 that could only carry unguided air-to-ground weaponary (i.e. rockets, dumb bombs) MU2 can carry guided munition such as Kh-29T and KAB-500KR.
Furthermore, during the ongoing conflict, in the face of Western assistance, many of these aircraft were modified to carry weapons such as: AGM-88 HARM, GBU-32, GBU-39/B SDB and AASM-250 “Hammer”.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm GSh-30-1 machiene gun

7 underwing pylons to carry up to 4,000 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • Gran’ ( perspective IR-guided air-to-ait missile )
  • R-27ER semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-27ER1 semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-27ET semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-27ET1 semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-27R semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-27T semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-60M IR-guided air-to-air missile.
  • R-73 IR-guided air-to-air missile.
  • Kh-29T laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • KAB-500KR TV-guided fire and forget bomb
  • AGM-88 HARM Anti-radiation missile
  • GBU32 Joint Direct Attack Munition
  • AASM-250 “Hammer” guided aerial bomb
  • GBU-39/В SDB guided aerial bomb

Other info:

Wing Span: 11.36 meters

Length: 17.32 meters

Height: 4.73 meters

Powerplants: 2x RD-33 afterburning turbofan engines

Max speed: 2,450 km/h

Max altitude: 18,000 meters

Range: 1,430 km

Weight: Empty - 11 t, Max takeoff - 18 t.

Proposed BR: 12.3-12.7

Su-27 (12.7)

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Year: 1992 - current Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Brief history of service : About 50~60 aircraft were inherited, some were later upgraded to the Su-27-1M standard.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm cannon with 150 rounds

10 underwing pylons to carry up to 6,000 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • R-27ER semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27R semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27T semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-73 IR homing air-to-air missile.

Other info:

Wing Span: 14.7 meters

Length: 21.94 meters

Height: 5.93 meters

Powerplants: 2x AL-31F turbofans

Max speed: 2,280 km/h

Max altitude: 17,700 meters

Range: 3,680 km

Weight: Empty - 17.7 t, Max takeoff - 33 t.

Proposed BR: 12.7

Su-27P1M (13.0)

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Year: 2013 - current Development stage: Domestic modification

Brief history of service : Su-27P1M - is a Su-27P modernized to 1M standard. Within this program a major overhaul and installation of a set of additional equipment is being carried out. Most of avionics are upgraded including N001 radar sighting station with the replacement of the receiving path unit, the master oscillator unit and the digital processing unit, which improves the selection of signals at the radar and increases the detection range of air targets.
The modification of the Su-27P1M itself differs from other modifications of the -1M program in that the base model of the Su-27P can only carry air-to-air weapons, when upgraded to the -1M standard, the aircraft receives the same ability to carry air-to-ground weapons as other Su-27S (or simply Su-27). After completion of the modernization program, the aircraft can carry aerial bombs weighing 100-500 kg, 80-mm unguided S-8 rockets and 122-mm unguided S-13 rockets.
Furthermore, during the ongoing conflict, in the face of Western assistance, many of these aircraft were modified to carry more weaponary such as: AGM-88 HARM, GBU-32, GBU-39/B SDB and AASM-250 “Hammer”.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm cannon with 150 rounds

10 underwing pylons to carry up to 6,000 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • R-27ER semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27ER1 semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27ET semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27ET1 semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27R semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27T semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-73 IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • Kh-29T TV-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-31 air-to-ground missile.
  • AGM-88 HARM Anti-radiation missile
  • GBU32 Joint Direct Attack Munition
  • AASM-250 “Hammer” guided aerial bomb
  • GBU-39/В SDB guided aerial bomb

Other info:

Wing Span: 14.7 meters

Length: 21.94 meters

Height: 5.93 meters

Powerplants: 2x AL-31F turbofans

Max speed: 2,280 km/h

Max altitude: 17,700 meters

Range: 3,680 km

Weight: Empty - 17.7 t, Max takeoff - 33 t.

Proposed BR: 13.0

F-16AM MLU (13.0)

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Year: 2024 Development stage: NATO Military Aid ( )

It is important to note at the time of editing the tree, the F-16s are not located in Ukraine, but are trainined on by Ukrainian pilots in an unspecified NATO member country.

Armaments:

  • x1 20mm M61A1 Vulcan machiene gun

11 underwing pylons to carry up to 7,700 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • Unknown: Currently trained with AIM-9 and AIM-120 trainer air-to-air missiles

Other info:

Wing Span: 9.99 meters

Length: 15.02 meters

Height: 5.09 meters

Powerplants: 1x Pratt & Whitney F100-PW-220 turbofan engine

Max speed: Mach 2.05 (2,531 km/h)

Max altitude: 16,764 meters

Range: 3,862 km

Weight: Empty - 7,386 kg, Max takeoff - 17,009 kg.

Proposed BR: 13.0

Premium/Other:

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Su-25UB (10.0)

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Year: 1992 - current Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm GSh-30-2 cannon

8(10) underwing pylons to carry up to 4400 kg of payload. (bombs/unguided rockets etc.)

Highlights:

  • 2x R-60 IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • 2x R-60M IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • 4x Kh-25 laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • 4x Kh-25ML laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • 2x Kh-29L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • 4x S-25L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.

Other info:

Wing Span: 14.36 meters

Length: 15.36 meters

Height: 4.80 meters

Powerplants: 2x TRD R-195

Max speed: 975km/h

Max altitude: 10,000 meters

Range: 1,850 km

Weight: Empty - 9,500 kg, Max takeoff - 17,600 kg

Proposed BR: 10.0

MiG-23UB (11.0)

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Year: 1992 - 2001 Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Armaments:

  • 1x GSh-23L twin-barreled 23mm machine gun

5 underwing pylons to carry up to 1,600 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • R-13M IR guided air-to-air missile.
  • R-60 IR guided air-to-air missile.
  • R-60M IR guided air-to-air missile.
  • Kh-23 manually-guided air-to-ground missile.

Other info:

Wing Span: 7.78-13.91 meters

Length: 16.7 meters

Height: 4.82 meters

Powerplants: 1x R-27F2M-300 turbojet

Max speed: 2,200km/h

Max altitude: 15,800 meters

Range: 1,550 km

Weight: Empty - 9.6 t, Max takeoff - 18 t.

Proposed BR: 11.0

Su-25KM (11.0)

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Year: 2001 - current Development stage: Domestic modification

Brief history of service : Su-25KM - Is a Georgian modificaion of Su-25. Announced in 2001 by the original manufacturer, Tbilisi Aircraft Plant in Georgia in partnership with Elbit Systems of Israel. Enhanced with advanced avionics including a glass cockpit, digital map generator, head-mounted display, computerized weapons system, full pre-mission planning capability and many other improvements to the aircraft’s avionics. Additionally, it has an extensive arsenal of weapons, and has ability to carry such weapons as R-73 air-to-air missile and Israeli-made laser guided bombs such as “Opher” and “Lizard”.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm GSh-30-2 cannon

8(10) underwing pylons to carry up to 4400 kg of payload. (bombs/unguided rockets etc.)

Highlights:

  • R-60 IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-60M IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-73 IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • Kh-25 laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-25ML laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-25MLP laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-29L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • S-25L laser-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Opher Laser Guided Bomb.
  • Lizard Laser Guided Bomb.

Other info:

Wing Span: 14.36 meters

Length: 15.36 meters

Height: 4.80 meters

Powerplants: 2x TRD R-195

Max speed: 975km/h

Max altitude: 10,000 meters

Range: 1,850 km

Weight: Empty - 9,500 kg, Max takeoff - 17,600 kg

Proposed BR: 11.0

MiG-25PDS (12.0)

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image

Year: 1992 - 1993 Development stage: Inherited from USSR

Brief history of service : Ukraine inherited 97 MiG-25s of various modifications, they served in the 146th and 933rd Air Defense Fighter Regiments, as well as in the 48th Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment. Decommissioned only after a year due to maintenance difficulties and fundamental obsolescence.

Armaments:

7 underwing pylons to carry:

  • R-40R
  • R-40T
  • R-40RD
  • R-40TD
  • R-60
  • R-60M

Other info:

Wing Span: 14.01 meters

Length: 23.82 meters

Height: 6.1 meters

Powerplants: 2x R-15B-300 afterburning turbojet

Max speed: 3,000 km/h

Max altitude: 20,700 meters

Range: 1,860 km

Weight: Empty - 20 t, Max takeoff - 36.7 t.

Proposed BR: 12.0

MiG-29 “Ukrainian Falcons” (12.7)

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Year: 2014 Development stage: Emergency Useage

Brief history of service : In 2014, the Ukrainian Air Force was in dire need of fighters, several MiG-29s, painted in the livery of the aerobatic team “Ukrainian Falcons”, which were not originally intended to arm the air force, received R-73 and R-27 missiles and actively participated in the emerging conflict in the eastern Ukraine.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm GSh-30-1 machiene gun

7 underwing pylons to carry up to 4,000 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • R-27ER semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27R semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27T semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-73 IR-guided air-to-air missile.

Other info:

Wing Span: 11.36 meters

Length: 17.32 meters

Height: 4.73 meters

Powerplants: 2x RD-33 afterburning turbofan engines

Max speed: 2,450 km/h

Max altitude: 18,000 meters

Range: 1,430 km

Weight: Empty - 11 t, Max takeoff - 18 t.

Proposed BR: 12.3-12.7

MiG-29AS (12.7)

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Year: 2023 - current Development stage: NATO Military Aid ( )

Brief history of service : MiG-29AS - is a Slovakian modernization of MiG-29A (9-12A) which is an export modification of Soviet fighter. In the 2000s, they were modernized through cooperation between Western companies and the Russian MiG. It was supposed to carry out a major overhaul, extend the service life and change some systems.
The basis for the modernization of the MiG-29AS was the MiG-29SD project, which was developed for Malaysia and provided for the replacement of the sighting radar system with the installation of the updated N019ME Topaz radar. Thanks to this, the aircraft was able to fire missiles at up to two targets simultaneously, and the radar itself better filters interference.
In addition, a new on-board computer, a multi-function display in the cockpit has been installed and communications and navigation have been integrated according to the NATO standard. The engines were also replaced with new ones with increased service life.
These fighters first appeared in Ukraine in 2023.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm GSh-30-1 machiene gun

7 underwing pylons to carry up to 4,000 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • R-27ER semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-27ER1 semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-27ET semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-27ET1 semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-27R semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-27T semi-active radar homing air-to-air missile.
  • R-60M IR-guided air-to-air missile.
  • R-73 IR-guided air-to-air missile.
  • AGM-88 HARM Anti-radiation missile
  • AGM-88 HARM Anti-radiation missile
  • GBU32 Joint Direct Attack Munition
  • AASM-250 “Hammer” guided aerial bomb
  • GBU-39/В SDB guided aerial bomb

Other info:

Wing Span: 11.36 meters

Length: 17.32 meters

Height: 4.73 meters

Powerplants: 2x RD-33 afterburning turbofan engines

Max speed: 2,450 km/h

Max altitude: 18,000 meters

Range: 1,430 km

Weight: Empty - 11 t, Max takeoff - 18 t.

Proposed BR: 12.3-12.7

Su-27UB1M (13.0)

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Year: 2013 - current Development stage: Domestic modification

Brief history of service : Su-27UB1M - is a Su-27UB modernized to 1M standard. Within this program a major overhaul and installation of a set of additional equipment is being carried out. Most of avionics are upgraded including N001 radar sighting station with the replacement of the receiving path unit, the master oscillator unit and the digital processing unit, which improves the selection of signals at the radar and increases the detection range of air targets.
Furthermore, during the ongoing conflict, in the face of Western assistance, many of these aircraft were modified to carry more weaponary such as: AGM-88 HARM, GBU-32, GBU-39/B SDB and AASM-250 “Hammer”.

Armaments:

  • 1x 30 mm cannon with 150 rounds

10 underwing pylons to carry up to 6,000 kg of payload.

Highlights:

  • R-27ER semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27ER1 semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27ET semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27ET1 semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27R semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-27T semi-active radar homing missile.
  • R-73 IR homing air-to-air missile.
  • Kh-29T TV-guided air-to-ground missile.
  • Kh-31 air-to-ground missile.
  • AGM-88 HARM Anti-radiation missile
  • GBU32 Joint Direct Attack Munition
  • AASM-250 “Hammer” guided aerial bomb
  • GBU-39/В SDB guided aerial bomb

Other info:

Wing Span: 14.7 meters

Length: 21.94 meters

Height: 5.93 meters

Powerplants: 2x AL-31F turbofans

Max speed: 2,280 km/h

Max altitude: 17,700 meters

Range: 3,680 km

Weight: Empty - 17.7 t, Max takeoff - 33 t.

Proposed BR: 13.0

Aircraft that can also be added, but are not in the tech tree:

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  1. Yak-28PP
  2. L-39C
  3. L-39M
  4. L-39M1
  5. Su-24
  6. Su-24MR
  7. Su-25K
  8. Su-25M1K
  9. Su-25UBM1
  10. Su-27P
  11. Su-27S1M
  12. Su-27UB
  13. Su-27UP
  14. Su-27UP1M
  15. MiG-25P
  16. MiG-25PD
  17. MiG-25PU
  18. MiG-25RBT
  19. MiG-27M
  20. MiG-29 (9-12)
  21. MiG-29UB
  22. MiG-29G

Final words:

Thank you very much for reading my suggestion throughout to the end, this is my first major work suggesting a whole nation. Keep in mind that such suggestions as this are always work-in-progress, so as Ukrainian air force progresses with new aircrafts in real life, the tree would be updated. If you are interested in the suggestions I made in the past, you can check them out in my bio.

Aircraft of the Ukrainian Air Force at Kulbakino airfield. L-39, Su-27 and Su-25 of various modifications.

Sources:

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Уголок неба ¦ История ВВС Украины
Повітряні сили Збройних сил України — Вікіпедія
Морська авіація України — Вікіпедія
Уголок неба ¦ Aero Vodochody, Одесавиаремсервис L-39U
https://wikiwarriors.org/wiki/Су-27-1М
https://wikiwarriors.org/wiki/МиГ-29МУ1
https://wikiwarriors.org/wiki/МиГ-29МУ2
https://wikiwarriors.org/wiki/Су-27-1М
https://wikiwarriors.org/wiki/Су-25М1
Ukraine – Aeroflight
Ukrainian Air Force – Aeroflight
Повітряна військова техніка України (з 1992) — Вікіпедія
Ukraine Upgrades MiG-29 Fleet | Aviation International News
Уголок неба ¦ Сухой Су-25КМ Скорпион.
Lviv repairers delivered the overhauled MiG-29 fighter jet to the AFU

17 Likes

Would make a perfect sub tree.

18 Likes

Would make a perfect independent air tree.

Nice job m8! 💪

4 Likes

Not bad :)

4 Likes

would it get the westren fighters the pilots are training with

1 Like

It would be pretty nice to see F-16’s incorporated. Kind of like how East/West Germany is playing out in-game.

1 Like

only if the western fighters actually make it to their combat use IRL

1 Like

~ eh, definitely isn’t going to work as it’s own thing but I think these can work as their own vehicles in a sub tree.

7 Likes

How on god’s green earth would this make an independent tech tree? There are barely any vehicles. This is at best case scenario a sub tree and at worse they will end up as modifications/skins for the models. Edit: voting yes but only as a subtree for USSR or whomever Gaijin deems is worthy of needing such a subtree.

14 Likes

It’s a start/basis for a nation that will continue to have its AF expanded. It’s not like this has to be added now anyways. This is comparable to other nations that people want in-game. It could fit into the USSR as a nation-selectable feature that’s been discussed in my Ukraine Ground Forces tree.
Edit: I’m not here to get into a discussion about it, I’ll leave that to someone else. It’s my own opinion.

3 Likes

If you consider this enough to be an independent tree then we might as well add everyone. Let’s give Mongolia a tree or let’s give Mexico a tree. Your position I can only guess is motivated by a certain conflict and refusing to add them as a subtree to the USSR even though they don’t have enough to be an independent tree. Edit: also don’t bs people by saying it is a start. It isn’t. This is a start and finish right off the bat unless all you’re going to do is make an ENTIRE tree copy paste to one of the big 3 simply because you are thinking with emotions rather than the logic.

15 Likes

I just added prior to your last statement that it could be added to the USSR as a nation-selectable feature 🤦‍♂️

Edit: And how about you mind your own damn business and let me have my own opinion instead of being butthurt about someone having difference in thinking than you. Get over yourself.

4 Likes

An absolut treat for the pixel camos alone. And a good reason to ad the L-39.

1 Like

+1 as independent but purely because I consider this a necessary evil so the excellent ground tree can exist

4 Likes

Naturally could be expanded, but a great base!

2 Likes

+1 as an independent tree

3 Likes

It just seems to me like a copy paste russian air tt lol

19 Likes

Fully agree with you mate, I wish there were more aircraft. But we have what we have.
My main reasoning for this air tree is to supplement ground which has a lot more to offer.

2 Likes

well that is one hell of a bad air tree, ground would literaly have no acces to air for 2 tiers, just another prove ukraine as a nation is not good for warthunder

8 Likes

The tree only uses aircraft that were used by the Ukrainian Air Force (1992 to present), ranks 4 and 5 for ground forces mainly consist of tanks that were not used by Ukraine. So, realistically speaking, ground forces start the same at rank 6 and BR 8.3-9.3.

3 Likes