ZBD86A:Chinese hounds

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Introduce:

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ZBD86A is a mechanized infantry fighting vehicle of Chinese origin. It is an upgraded and rearmed variant of the ZBD86, which is a reverse-engineered Soviet BMP-1. In the early 1980s, China purchased a Soviet BMP-1 and reverse-engineered it for domestic use and export sales.

R&D History:

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In 1970, when the Soviet Red Army began to equip the BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicle, China was still in the chaotic period of the “Cultural Revolution”. Compared with the United States, Russia, and other military powers that have developed, produced, and equipped a large number of infantry fighting vehicles, China has developed and equipped infantry fighting vehicles relatively late. This is due to the fact that for a long time there was a lack of understanding of infantry fighting vehicles, and it was believed that it was sufficient to have armored transport vehicles to carry infantry in combat. However, it was later discovered that the firepower, mobility, and protection of the armored transport vehicle were very limited, and could not meet the requirements of infantry and tank cooperation at all, and the Chinese Army, as the world’s leading combat effectiveness, started slightly later than other countries in infantry fighting vehicles. Due to various factors such as the training system and operational thinking, the Chinese Army did not pay enough attention to the tremendous value of infantry fighting vehicles for a long time. This situation directly caused the Chinese army infantry to have no suitable transport and combat tools when cooperating with tanks in the 1979 self-defense counterattack against Vietnam. The Chinese infantry who participated in the war at that time were either in cars, Type 63 armored transport vehicles, or even directly outside the tanks. Due to the very limited protection and firepower of the car and the Type 63 armored transport vehicle, and the obvious lack of mobility, a large number of vehicles were destroyed by the Vietnamese army, and serious casualties were inflicted. And the tanks of the Chinese Army, which lost infantry cover, also suffered considerable losses, which were caused solely by the fact that the Chinese Army did not have a suitable infantry fighting vehicle to match the tank at that time. The bloody lesson woke up the high-level commanders of the Chinese army, and soon after the war, China began to develop special infantry fighting vehicles, and China only began to develop the first generation of infantry fighting vehicles in the early 80s of the 20th century, and the research and development unit was China North Industries (Group) Corporation, the project code was WZ501. The first special infantry fighting vehicle of the Chinese army is a domestic 86 tracked infantry fighting vehicle imitated from the former Soviet BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicle, because China has never developed an infantry fighting vehicle, the technical reserve is insufficient, in order to let the army soldiers take the domestic infantry fighting vehicle as soon as possible, the scientific research personnel of China North Industries (Group) Corporation decided to refer to the Soviet BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicle obtained from Romania, and imitate it on this basis. Through the efforts of the majority of scientific and technological personnel, the car was officially approved in 1986 and named the 1986 tracked infantry fighting vehicle, referred to as the 86 infantry fighting vehicle, and later named ZBD-86 infantry fighting vehicle. Mass production began in 1992.The results of the Chinese military in the 80s of the 20th century demonstrated that the development of infantry fighting vehicles with 73-mm large-caliber guns no longer meets the requirements of modernization, so China North Industries Corporation developed the ZBD-86A infantry fighting vehicle on the basis of ZBD86, the main improvement is the use of new combat modules and more efficient weapons and equipment, and the chassis of the combat vehicle itself has changed very little. The new tank is equipped with a welded turret in the front of the vehicle, equipped with a smoke grenade launcher, and the main armament is a domestic 30-mm automatic gun, an imitation of the Russian small-caliber gun Type 2A72.In terms of anti-tank missile weapons, China decided to retain the proven Red Arrow-73 anti-tank missiles, which were successfully put into service with the troops.

Weapon system:

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The main armament of the ZBD86A infantry fighting vehicle is a Chinese-made ZPT99 30mm cannon with a chain feeding system, which is imitated from 2A72 and can fire APDS, APT, Other BMP3 fireable ammunition such as HEI can fire 125 armor-piercing ammunition and 225 30mm grenades at a time, and there are 350 spare ammunition in the hull, and the anti-tank missile is an HJ73C anti-tank missile, using SACLOS guidance and tandem warhead, and the maximum armor penetration depth can reach 800mm, except for one missile to be launched in the launcher. The hull can also be stocked with 4 rounds of spare ammunition, secondary armament is a Type 86 7.62 mm machine gun, and spare ammunition is 2,000 7.62 mm ammunition.
Depression/Elevation: -5/+70

Protection system:

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THE ARMOR OF THE ZBD86A IS WELDED STEEL, THE THICKNESS OF THE FRONTAL ARMOR IS 19MM, THE THICKNESS OF THE SIDE ARMOR IS 16-18MM, THE REAR ARMOR IS 16 MM, THE TOP ARMOR IS 6 MM, AND THE PROTECTION IS A LITTLE BETTER THAN THAT OF THE BMP2【The inclination of the frontal armor is the same as that of the BMP2】

Dynamical system:

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The engine of the ZBD86A is a 6V150 engine made in China, which is a 15.8 liter 6-cylinder 4-stroke water-cooled diesel,The power output is 300 hp at 2.600 rpm, the gearbox is manual, there are 5 forward gears, 1 reverse, and the fuel is 460 liters,The range of action is 600 km, this engine can make the ZBD86A have a power-to-weight ratio of 21.7, the maximum speed can reach 65km / h, the average off-road speed reaches 45km / h, the ZBD86A has amphibious functions, the water speed reaches 7km / h, and the suspension of the ZBD86A is a torsion bar suspension。
Ability to cross obstacles for:
Ground clearance:0.39 m
Wall:0.8 m
Trench:2.5 m
Gradient:60 %
Slope:30 %

Equipment system:

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ZBD86A has an NBC system, a night vision capability system, a two-way stabilizer, as well as a laser rangefinder and a three-defense system, but the ZBD86A does not have a thermal imaging system and a commander-operated weapon system, and the ZBD86A is loaded manually.The ZBD86A has a projectile smoke grenade as well as an engine smoke system

Parameter:

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Country of origin: China
Developer: China
Type: Mechanized infantry fighting vehicle
Tank member group: 3 + 8 (commander, driver, gunner, 8 infantrymen)
Serving: Yes
Firepower: 30 mm ZPT99 automatic cannon
Bomb feeding method: chain feeding,
Armed with 125 rounds of armor-piercing shells and 225 rounds of grenades
Spare ammunition: 350 pieces
Missile: SACLOS guided HJ73C anti-tank missile
Installation: Launch guide on the top of the turret
Spare ammunition: 4 missiles
Secondary armament: Type 86 7.62 mm machine gun
Spare ammunition: 2.000 x 7.62 mm ammunition
Armor type: Steel
Hull armor
19 mm hull front
16 - 18 mm sides
16 mm rear
6 mm top
Smoke
2x3 smoke grenade dischargers
Exhaust diesel injection
Engine: 6V150
Engine type: 15.8 liter 6-cylinder 4-stroke water-cooled diesel
Power output:300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Transmission:Manual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel:460 L
Chassis: tracked chassis with 6 wheels
Layout: Drive sprocket in front, idler in rear
Track width: 0.30 m
Length at ground level: 3.60 m
Tread: 2.55 m
Suspension: torsion bar
Ground pressure: 0.63 kg/cm²
Weight: 13.8 tons combat load
Maximum speed: 65 km/h on the road
Cross-country speed: 45 km/h
Speed in water: 7 km/h
Range: 600 km
Power-to-weight ratio: 21.7 hp/ton
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance:0.39 m
Wall:0.8 m
Trench:2.5 m
Gradient:60 %
Slope:30 %
Fording:Amphibious
Length: 6.74 m
Width: 2.94 m
Height: 2.5 m
Depression/Elevation: -5/+70
equipment
Night vision devices: Owned
Two-way stabilizer: Possessed
NBC Systems: Owned
Laser rangefinder: owned
Commander Control Weapon System: NO
Loading method: manual loading
Thermal imager: no

Photo:

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Sources:

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ZBD86A | Weaponsystems.net

Type 86 (infantry fighting vehicle) - Wikipedia

中國 86式裝步戰車
中国86A型步兵战车_网易新闻 (163.com)
ZBD-86步兵战车_百度百科 (baidu.com)

Cite:[1]建平.老当益壮的突击利器——评说ZBD86A步兵战车[J].兵器,2015,(10):56-57.

3 Likes

China needs more IFVs! +1 for the Chinese BMP-2

1 Like

This should come in long ago. Everything it is made of are in game. ZBD-86’s hull, and QN-506’s turret(without those fancy attachments)
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8 Likes

+1. Replace the troublesome 73mm gun. In the technology tree

+1
Easiest vehicle for Gaijin to add in order to fill a gap.

1 Like