Caproni C.H. 1, the competitor of the Fiat C.R.32.

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Caproni C.H. 1


In 1934 the Caproni Air Force, in competition with Fiat, decided to build an aircraft capable of competing with its competing counterpart, the Fiat CR32. After almost a year of work carried out by the engineer Chiodi Antonio, an aircraft called Caproni C.H.1 came out, and was classified with the surname of the designer (CH) and with the classic company name (Ca). After completing its first flight in May 1935, the aircraft was sent to the Guidonia test field under the Regia Aeronautica banner, but shortly after a few flights, the aircraft suffered an accident due to an oversight by the pilot and the aircraft was seriously injured. It was damaged so much so that the designer himself gave up the idea of continuing the project despite it being promising.


The CH.1 was equipped with a Piaggio Stella P.IX RC.40 engine, the same as the SM.81 and SM.79, delivering 559 HP which allowed it to reach a speed of 337 km/h, much higher than that of the competitor Fiat CR32. The climb speed of the vehicle that came out was equal to 7.26 minutes to reach an altitude of 4,000 meters. (There are some uncertainties regarding this section but I have done my best)


The vehicle was not heavily armed, in fact it mounted two 7.7 mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns synchronized with the propeller. However, the little armament was compensated by the good performance of the vehicle.

General characteristics

  • Crew: one
  • Length: 7.19 m (23 ft 7 in)
  • Wingspan: 8.60 m (28 ft 3 in)
  • Height: 2.90 m (9 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 19.00 m2 (204.5 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 1,400 kg (3,086 lb)
  • Gross weight: 2,000 kg (4,409 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Piaggio Stella P.IX R.C.40 9-cylinder radial, 417 kW (559 hp) at 4,000 m (13,000 ft)
  • Propellers: 3-bladed variable-pitch


  • Maximum speed: 327 km/h (203 mph, 177 kn) at sea level

377 km/h (234 mph; 204 kn) at 5,000 m (16,000 ft)

  • Cruise speed: 380 km/h (236 mph, 205 kn)
  • Range: 1,000 km (620 mi, 540 nmi)
  • Rate of climb: 5.51 m/s (1,085 ft/min)
  • Time to altitude: 7.26 minutes to 4,000 m (13,000 ft)Xs


Pictures and drawnings:





+1 would be fine as a new reserve on the left branch

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