BMP-1TS: Reconditioning the Old

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Lesser_Coat_of_Arms_of_Ukraine2_svg.png. BMP-1TS: Reconditioning the Old


A BMP-1TS during a military parade in Kyiv, 2021.

  • Basic Description :
    • The BMP-1TS is a modernized variant of the Soviet BMP-1 sporting the Spys-Syntez Combat Module. Development of the Spys-Syntez combat module began in the late 2010’s between Techimpex and the Zhytomyr Armored Plant on a new standard combat module for Ukrainian combat vehicles. This lead to the creation of the Spys-Syntez Combat module. The Spys-Syntez module features a one-man turret sporting STANAG 4569 Level 3 armor protection. Within the turret resides the gunner operating the Syntez Fire Control System (FCS) which allows the gunner access to an integrated laser rangefinder, 3rd-generation thermal imagers, and two-channel televisions with wide and narrow view, through the Kazhan-3K15 Optical-electronic module. The main armament is the ZTM-1 30mm Autocannon that is equipped with 300 ready to fire rounds. The main gun is stabilized through the Syntez FCS. Alongside the main gun, the Combat Module features a KT-7.62mm coaxial machine gun, and 2x Barrier-212 anti-tank guided missile (ATGM) launchers which can fire two RK-2S ATGM’s (with two extra in the hull), and lastly the KBA-117 30mm Grenade Launcher. For countermeasures, the turret is equipped with 6x 81mm 902V ‘Khmara’ Smoke Grenade Launchers. This combat module is integrated into a standard BMP-1 chassis, featuring the same powertrain, amphibious capabilities, and armor layout as its predecessor. One thing to note is that the BMP-1TS can be equipped with Nozh/Contact-1 explosive reactive armor (ERA) mounts on the side of the hull above the waterline to provide additional protection, however it is unlikely equipped in any units. The Luna IR searchlight has been removed on the BMP-1TS. In 2021, the Ukrainian Army accepted a small number of the BMP-1TS into service with some seeing active combat in Eastern Ukraine. As of August 2022, at least one was lost to combat.
    • In terms of ammunition, the ZTM-1 (2A72) and ZTM-2 (2A42) utilize the 30x165 cartridge which allows both cannons to use the same ammunition. The Precision Mechanic Plant in Western Ukraine launched serial-production of Soviet 30x165 ammunition including the 3UBR8 Armor Piercing Discarding Sabot round with Tracer (APDS-T) round, 3UBR6 Armor Piercing round with Tracer (AP-T) round, 3UOR6 High-Explosive Incendiary Fragmentation round with Tracer (F-T) and the 3UOF8 High Explosive Incendiary round (HEF-I).
  • Specifications:
    • Role: Infantry Fighting Vehicle
    • Origin/Manufacturer:
      • Ukraine - Techimpex/Zhytomyr Armored Plant
    • Armament: SPIS Turret:
      • Primary: ZTM-1(2A72) 30mm Autocannon (300rds ready to fire)
        • Cartridge: 30x165
        • Ammunition:
          • 3UBR8 APDS-T (BP)
          • 3UBR6 AP-T (BT)
          • 3UOR6 HEF-I (OFZ)
          • 3UOF8 F-T (OT)
        • Elevation/Depression: +45/-5 degrees
        • Horizontal/Vertical Speed: 35 degrees/second
      • Coaxial: KT-7.62mm Machine Gun (2100rds, 350 ready to fire)
      • Roof-Mounted: KBA-117 30mm Grenade Launcher (116rds, 29 ready to fire)
      • Tertiary: Barrier-212 ATGM Launcher (2 ready, 2 stored)
        • Missile:
          • RK-2S Missile
            • Warhead: Tandem-HEAT
            • Caliber: 130mm
            • Range: out to 5km
            • Penetration: at least 800mm of RHA behind ERA.
            • Guidance: Semi-Active Laser
          • RK-2OF
            • Warhead: HE-FRAG
            • Caliber: 130mm
            • Range: out to 5km
            • Penetration: at least 60mm of RHA.
            • Guidance: Semi-Active Laser
    • Dimensions:
      • Length: 6.735m
      • Width: 2.850m
      • Height: 3.735m
      • Weight: ~14t
    • Mobility :
      • Max Speed: 65km/h (7km/h on water)
      • Transmission: Manual (5-Forward, 1-Reverse)
      • Suspension: Torsion Bar
      • Engine: 300hp - UTD-20 6-cylinder Diesel Engine
  • Crew:
    • Commander
    • Gunner
    • Driver
  • Features:
    • Laser Rangefinder
    • 6x 902V ‘Khmara’ 81mm Smoke Grenade Launchers
    • ESS
    • Amphibious
    • Armor:
      • Turret: STANAG 4569 Level 3.
      • Hull: Same layout as standard BMP-1, can be equipped with Nizh/Contact-1 ERA blocks.
    • Optics:
      • Gunner: Opto-electronic KAZHAN-3K15
        • 3rd-generation Thermal Imager
        • Television
      • Commander: TKN-3BM
        • Night Vision Device
      • Driver: TVNO-2M
        • Night Vision Device
  • In-game :
    • The BMP-1TS is a BMP-1 that sports the SPYS-Syntez Combat Module that is equipped with ATGM’s, 30mm Grenade Launcher, and a 30mm autocannon that can target most types vehicles while still retaining decent mobility and amphibious capabilities.
    • Estimated Battle Rating: 9.0.
  • Sources:
    1. BMP-1 |
    3. Combat module SPYS-SYNTEZ - Техімпекс
    5. The Ukrainian army began to use the unique BMP-1TS and BTR-4MV1 in battles |
    6. Ukrainian military showed in action a rare BMP-1TS with a modern combat module SPYS SYNTEZ |
    7. Attack On Europe: Documenting Ukrainian Equipment Losses During The Russian Invasion Of Ukraine - Oryx
    11. is a high-explosive,670M nose fuze is used.
  • Imagery:


Top view of the BMP-1TS.


Front view of the BMP-1TS.


View of the combat module with removed optics cover.


The BMP-1TS firing a RK-2 missile.


The BMP-1TS firing its ZTM-1 30mm autocannon.


Side view of the BMP-1TS showing its elevation capabilities.



Views of the BMP-1TS with its hatches open, exposing the gunner’s seat.


View of the gunner’s equipment.


BMP-1TS in service in Ukraine.

Video on the SPYS Combat Module.