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AAM-3 An air-to-air missile developed by the Japan Air Self-Defense Force as a successor to the AIM-9L. The guidance method is infrared + ultraviolet guidance, and it has the ability to shoot and release. The fuse is an active laser proximity fuse and the warhead is a directional warhead. The features of this missile include the following:
The guidance method is passive dual-wavelength light wave (infrared and ultraviolet) homing, and the fuse is an active laser proximity fuse. The front section is equipped with a large notched canard that improves the missile’s maneuverability, and there is a stabilizing wing at the end. It uses a seeker developed by NEC, and when combined with a noise removal circuit, is said to have extremely high resistance to optical interference technology (IRCCM). In addition, the swing angle of the seeker is large, so the dome at the tip of the missile is larger than that of the sidewinder. It also has high off-bore sight capability, and the missile is controlled using a direct drive electric servo actuator that responds quickly and allows fine-grained control, unlike conventional gas servo systems that use hot gas. In addition, the bank-to-turn technology has been introduced, the seeker and swing angle have been expanded, and the two-color infrared rays have been adopted, resulting in a high accuracy rate. Like the seeker, the proximity fuse is made by NEC and is an optical type using a laser. The warhead uses a directional warhead that can efficiently deliver large attack power. Therefore, its overall capabilities are said to exceed that of AIM-9L.
- Total length 3.1m
- Diameter 12.7cm
- Wingspan 64cm
- Weight 91kg
- Propulsion method Solid fuel rocket motor
- Maximum speed Mach 2,5
- Maximum range: 5-10km
- Fuze Active Laser Proximity Fuze Warhead Komatsu HE fragmentation effect warhead
- Warhead weight 15kg
- Seeker NEC two-color seeker (using infrared and ultraviolet) Induction method: Infrared + ultraviolet induction Manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Vehicles that can mount the AAM-3
- F-4 EJ KAI
History behind the AAM-3 It was developed as a successor to the AIM-9L Sidewinder, and is designed to improve target acquisition and tracking capabilities through more sensitive temperature difference detection, as well as improve the flight maneuverability of the missile itself. Research began around 1974, but full-scale development began in 1986, formal approval was given in 1990, and it was officially adopted by the Japan Air Self-Defense Force.