TYPE: Two seated multi-role Trainer
AMOUNT IN NORWEGIAN SERVICE: 14 planes
DESIGNED BY: General Dynamics & Lockheed Martin
CONFIRMED ORDERED/BOUGHT IN : 1975
ENTERED RNoAF SERVICE IN : 15 January 1980
1x M-61A1 20mm cannon 500 shots/ammo
6x Air to air missiles
Kongsberg Penguin anti ship missiles
Eigne: Pratt & Whitney F 100-220 E
Speed: 2400 km/h Mach 2.05
Range: 3.230 km
SERIAL NUMBERS - times in service and fates
(both the F-16 A and B included here for more coherent history)
Beyond the 60s, it was clear that Norway would have to look around for a new buyer for the Starfighter, and the process started in earnest in 1970. Together with the NATO countries Denmark, the Netherlands and Belgium, several alternatives were considered; French Mirage F.1, Swedish Saab 37 Viggen and either Northrop F-17 or F-16 from General Dynamics, later Lockheed Martin.
The idea was that everyone should choose the same aircraft type, and the group eventually landed on the¨F-16. In the summer of 1975, Norway ordered a total of 74 aircraft, 60 single-seat F-16A and 12 two-seat F/16B. All were to be built under license at the Fokker/factory in the Netherlands. The deal was referred to as the Flight Purchase of the century.
The first aircraft took to the wings on 12 December 1979. The aircraft were produced in blocks and mini-blocks and were developed along the way. The Norwegian F/16A machines came from the main blocks 1, 5, 10 and 15 and were equipped with F100/PW/220E engines with digital electronic fuel control. Hulls have since been reinforced to extend the life of the aircraft, and the main computer, fire control systems, cockpit equipment, electronic equipment and everything has been replaced or upgraded. The largest of these upgrade programmes, MLU-Mid Life Upgrade, which continued until the turn of the year 2002-2003, resulted in 57 aircraft, F-16A and B, being adapted to the block 15 standard. The Block 10 aircraft received, among other things, new wings and tail surfaces. After this upgrade, the one-seaters received the designation F-16AM and the two-seaters F-16BM. The aircraft’s planned lifetime in the Air Force was thereby extended to 2015. This work was mainly done at Kjeller. In addition, there have been several update programs up to the present day.
332 Squadron became the first detachment to receive the F-16. The squadron had been temporarily closed in 1972, but was re-established on 1 January 1980 as the first F-16 division. It was initially given the status of OTU operational training unit, for both pilots and technical personnel, and was able to take over the first aircraft, the two-seater F-16B 301, on 25 January 1980. The aircraft had arrived in Norway ten days earlier. The first one-seater, 272, did not arrive until the end of April.
However, 331 squadron in Bodø became the first operational department to receive F-16s, and from 1 April 1982 it was operational as a pure F-16 department. Then it was 334 and 336 squadrons’ turn, but after a short time 338 squadron took over the role as the fourth F-16 squadron from 336. From the summer of 1985, all four divisions were equipped with F-16s. during these years a number of planes have been lost, and unfortunately pilots have also died. 57 aircraft are still operational, distributed among 331, 332 and 338 squadrons. Norway has subsequently purchased two replacement aircraft from the USA. The F-16 has become the world’s most sought-after combat aircraft. 4,200 aircraft have been reproduced in more than 110 different versions. approx. 22 countries bought machine. After the fall of the Iron Curtain, Norwegian aircraft have participated in several international actions such as in Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, the Baltics and Libya
The F-16B is a two-seat training version of the F-16A fighter. The first machine 301 arrived in Norway on 15 January 1980 and landed at Rygge. The machine was officially handed over to 332 squadron at a ceremony 10 days later. The squadron had been re-established on 1 January as the first F-16 department and OTU for pilots and technical personnel after a seven-year hibernation
This machine caused a lot of headaches. The cooling turbine in the heating and ventilation system broke down several times. Only after some changes were made did the problem resolve itself. The plane was lost in 1984 after an engine fire before take-off at Rygge airport. Both on board escaped without injury. Another was lost in an accident at Banak where one person unfortunately died.
Norway received 12 such machines from 1980 to 1983. In addition, two additional machines were delivered to replace aircraft that had been lost.
Aircraft with number 692 received Artic Tiger markings on the tail in 2007 in connection with the NATO Tiger Association’s Tiger Meet in Ørland this year, a year after 338 Squadron gained full membership in the organisation. Since then, 338 squadron and Ørland air station have hosted exercises related to this several times, both in 2012 and 2013
We see some scenes with the F-16B training fighter in this video
Here we see the eigne test, the plane in the video are also a F-16 B training fighter
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General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon – Wikipedia
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