Project 108 "Hoyerswerda" Landing Ship, Anklam - Es ist Landezeit!

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Project 108 “Hoyerswerda” Landing Ship, Anklam

TL;DR
Coastal vessel, Cold War landing ship with very strong autocannons and a large number of rockets.

History:
The largest ships in the East German fleet, the Project 108 ships, or the Hoyerswerda-class, were designed in 1976 to replace the earlier Robbe-class landing ships. They could carry about 280 men and 7-12 AFVs, or about 600t of cargo, which exited through a bow ramp. They were fitted with Soviet systems and weaponry, 2 twin automatic 57mm cannons and 2 twin 30mm CIWS, with some later ships also fitted with a Grad MLRS after initial weapon delivery delays from the USSR was resolved. Some ships were also refitted with PK-16 chaff launchers and 2 FASTA-4M2 (Strela-2) SAMs. They were meant to conduct and support naval landings in the Baltic and North Seas in case of war with NATO, likely carrying the 28th Motor Rifle Regiment “Wilhelm Florin” and 29th Motor Rifle Regiment “Ernst Moritz Arndt”, the only mechanized regiments trained in amphibious operations. Additionally a supply ship variant (Project 109) was also created. A total of 12 ships were completed with the ships being assigned to the 1st and 3rd Landing Ship Divisions.

Anklam, named after a town in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, was laid down in 1977 at Wolgast by Peenewerft and commissioned in 1978 (erroneously I thought Anklam was the first to be equipped with MLRS launchers, which is why I originally suggested it). Like most Volksmarine ships, the class mainly operated patrols and training exercises with the Polish and Soviet navies, including landing exercises with the 28th and 29th Motor Rifle Regiments (the 28th was even transferred to the navy in 1990 and became the 18th Coast Defence Regiment). In 1989, the East German government announced disarmament plans for the military, and as amphibious landings ships were no longer needed, the ships were to be assigned to new roles, 5 ships to be converted to transport or minelaying ships, 3 moved to a reconnaissance squadron, and 4 scrapped. However, this did not occur and the ships were merely decommissioned in 1990. After the unification of Germany, all ships of the class were disarmed. They were later sold to Indonesia in 1993-1995, and rearmed with older Soviet autocannons. Anklam was renamed Teluk Parigi. The Indonesian Navy still operates 9 of the ships, one having been expended as a target and two lost in accidents.

Specifications:

Armament:
2x2 57mm/50 AK-725 (2000 rounds)
2x2 30mm/71 AK-230 CIWS (2000 rounds)
2x40 122mm A-215 “Grad” MLRS (320 rockets, each launcher was 2x20)
2x SOSNA-100 “Alley blasting devices” (fired some sort of rocket-bomb to clear mines and shore obstacles, also apparently not actually fitted)
40 Mines

Displacement:
1744 tons standard
1950 tons full

Length: 90.7m

Beam: 11.1m

Draft: 2.8m

Propulsion: 2 61B-4A diesel engines, 12 000 hp, driving 2 shafts

Speed: 18 knots (33.3 km/h)

Range: 2450 nmi (at 14 knots)

Crew: 49-57

Systems:
MR-103 FCR
MR-302 Search Radar
Nikhrom-RR IFF system

Images:


image

In Indonesian service, note the older 37mm V-11 and 25mm 2M-3 autocannons

Aerial view of sister ship Hoyerswerda
Drawings:

Sources:
Mehl, H., Schäfer Knut, & Israel, U. (1989). Klar zur Anlandung. In Vom Küstenschutzboot Zum Raketenschiff: Schiffe und Boote der Volksmarine (pp. 181–183). Militärverlag der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik.
https://www.navypedia.org/ships/germany_east/gdr_ls_hoyerswerda.htm
http://cmano-db.com/ship/1508/
http://navyworld.narod.ru/LandungsbootDDR.htm

http://www.vierte-flottille.de/schiffeundboote/land/frosch/frosch.html

2 Likes

I think this is the last one I missed from the Volksmarine, and this is beautiful. I want this so badly, and I hope it gets added along with the rest of the domestic East German boats! +1