KNM Snøgg - Missile-torpedoboat

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KNM Snøgg - Missile-torpedoboat

This is the sistership KNM Rapp, but all the vessels in the Snøgg-class are identical! the only differences are camouflage/paint and marks

BUILDING SITE: Båtservice A/S, Mandal
LAUNCHED: 2 September 1969
HOIST COMMAND: 16 January 1970

1x 40mm Bofors cannon
4x 53.3cm torpedotubes
4x Kongsberg Penguin MK 1 SSM anti-ship missiles


Displacement: 145 ton
Hull: steel
Length: 36.5m
Width: 6.2m
Depth: 1.7m
Crew: 19 men

Eigne: 2x Maybach dieseleignes
Power: 7.200 BHK
Speed: 36 knots

1990: Collided with KNM Tjeld during training in Hjeltefjorden on 12 December
1994: command canceled 21 December
1996: Restored identically to KNM Kvikk to highlight any radiation damage to the crew

in the late 1960s it was decided to produce new torpedo boats to replace the Rapp class. then we already had the 20 missile cannon modes in the Storm class. The experiences with these were so good that the same hull shape was chosen for the six boats that were to become the Snøgg class. although the Norwegian-produced Penguin missiles had now arrived on the Storm class, with HOSA as a new digitized fire control system, the Snøgg class was initially equipped with four torpedoes. our torpedoes were still the German T1 torpedoes we had taken over after the war, which so far had been straight-running (fire and forget), primarily based on an optical torpedo sight on the bridge. For the fast class, you should now get converted T1 torpedoes with wire guidance. Swedish Philips (PEAB) supplied the advanced analogue fire control system Tori, with a good radar and a gyro-stabilised periscope in the wheelhouse. The Snøgg class therefore also got a separate, and by the standards of the time, well-equipped operating room. the first in the series was delivered from Båtservice in Mandal in January 1970, and the others followed in succession until April 1971. however, consideration had been given to the placement of 4x Penguins on the aft deck, and shortly after handover Penguin Mk.1 was also fitted

the investment in an archipelago navy that was made led to us from the early 1960s having a significant MTB weapon, where the torpedo boats, at least up to the Storm class, were the dominant force. Through the Snøgg and Hauk class, this initiative was largely continued. during the Cold War, MTB became an important part of maritime surveillance, control and assertion of sovereignty. The MTBs were suitable and important in relation to our desire to show a large presence in Northern Norway. this was important both in relation to the Soviet Union, our own allies and in relation to the local population, who often had a good relationship with MTB’s. they earned a well-deserved reputation as an Arctic Ocean guerrilla. their advantage was that they were numerous, that they were mobile, that they could act individually or collectively. before 1960, while the main base was karljohansvern, a number of MTB’s had their base at Marineholmen in Bergen. in 1962 BTB’s headquarters moved to the earmarked MTB harbor at the new main base at Haakonsvern. There it was named the TKB inspection. with the steady increase in the number of vessels and increased presence in northern norway, the need for organization also increased. from 1965 the frigate KNM Garm was rebuilt and renamed KNM Valkyrie, to cover MTB’s need for a depot ship in Northern Norway until 1976. from 1968 MTB’s was organized into a flotilla 1 and 2, each under a separate commander, where the latter was responsible for exercises and operations in northern Norway. the flotillas were later given the historical names MTB flotilla 30 and 54. previously, the only base option in northern Norway had been Ramsund, which, with its slightly off-centre location, was less popular among the heavy personnel in the MTB weapon. from January 1969 you also got Ramfjordnes in Tromsø as a well-protected base with quays and facilities in the mountain

From the early 1970s we had 46 available MTBs, of which there were 20 of the Tjeld class, 20 of the Storm class and 6 of the Snøgg class. The flotillas consisted of four or five squadrons with 4-6 operational boats in each squadron plus reserve boats. from this time it became a requirement that two squadrons should be in northern Norway at all times. It became an unacceptable burden on the staff and many people left. only in 1978 was there a reasonable solution, with 22 Squadron getting a permanent base in Tromsø, which had now become Olavsvern Orlogstasjon, with housing for the personnel who wanted to move with their families.

At the same time, the operating pattern was also changed for the others in a more family-friendly direction. they also received new working time regulations with reasonable financial compensation. even though the Snøgg and Storm class were less dependent on depot vessels, the new depot ship KNM Horten from the summer of 1978 also helped to facilitate the service for the MTB personnel

Part of the reform was therefore an increased focus on education and specialisation, and in September 1978 26 Squadron was established as a separate training and evaluation squadron with a permanent base at Haakonsvern. because there were so many boats, each of which would have a commander, second-in-command and third-in-command, the MTB weapon was characterized by many young officers in responsible positions. fo to cover the need for personnel established the so-called OMA3 education at the Naval Academy. the young, skilled and sometimes very ambitious and often straight from high school applied here. after only a short year of intense training, they were given the rank of ensign and a year’s compulsory service, often as third-in-command or second-in-command at MTB. even though the young people were skilled, under the auspices of the new 26 squadron a separate MTB chief’s course was also established. in this way, it would be ensured that the future jefes could not only navigate at high speed, but that they also had the necessary qualities that were considered necessary for an independent commander in charge of a warship with deadly weapons and ordinary crews. together with the school center at KNM Tordenskjold, 26 squadron also helped to develop the MTB tactics and the procedures for cooperation between the MTBs and the Coastal Artillery and other vessels and aircraft

This was regularly tested in exercises, such as the domestic Squadex and Flotex and exercises with Nato countries. The MTB one cooperated particularly with Denmark, Germany and Great Britain, until they gradually laid down their MTB weapons. for MTB personnel, who were otherwise not spoiled with trips abroad, the Bold Dame joint exercises, called Bold Game from 1974, were important, both academically and socially. nevertheless, it is also true that the MTB service during the Cold War was still characterized by training in the traditional MTB operations, with an emphasis on very good knowledge of the waters and the ability to navigate inland at high speed, and to utilize the terrain to find favorable ambush positions for surprise attacks . was it not to avoid that one ever ran aground. The “tulip club” became a term for the bosses who had had to change propellers after unpleasant encounters with mountains. such damage is predictable and even though emphasis was placed on learning from all accidents, the managers were not normally held accountable. worse were the pure foundations, which in KNM Teist’s case in 1989 stood completely dry on land on the water island in Troms

From the first half of the 1990s, a gradual downsizing of our MTB weapon began. Partly it was due to the end of the Cold War and a changed threat assessment. Even before this took effect, tight operating budgets meant that short-term savings solutions had to be found. And because the MTBs were, after all, so many, savings on the number of sailing vessels and sailing days were less visible than elsewhere. Already in 1989, 23.-squadron was shut down, but in return the Hauk class was improved with new Mistral anti-aircraft missiles. In 1993, 27.-squadron, with the remaining Tjeld-class boats, was also shut down. The following year, the flotilla in northern Norway was shut down, and during 1993-94 the entire Snøgg class went into permanent circulation. Technically, they were still in serviceable condition, but they would eventually have to be converted into new 613 torpedoes, and there was no need for them. deble were all chopped up in 1995, with the exception of KNM Snøgg, which was rebuilt identically to KNM kvikk, because it was then suspected that new electronic equipment on this had caused radiation damage to the personnel. in 1998, 24 squadron was also shut down, and this year the last storm class boats also retired from Norwegian service

In the end, there was only the Hauk class left, but it wasn’t bad at all either. We had 21 and 26 Squadron in the south, and 22 Squadron in the north, all with four hawks. From 2001, the permanent stationing in Tromsø was abolished, but with the converted supply vessel KNM Valkyrie as a support vessel, they could still operate over time away from Haakonsvern. There was an upturn for the MTB weapon when HRH Crown Prince Haakon chose to do his “compulsory service” at MTB in 1995. They were shown that the MTBs were also useful for the local population when they fought a major fire in Kabelvåg from the sea in 1996. From 1995-1997, they also worked on plans for an upgrade of all 14 boats in the Hauk class. These upgrades, which were largely carried out at Kværner Mandal in the period 1999-2003, were to give the boats an extended lifespan until 2015. The upgrade included, among other things, the ship’s technical control system, the electrical system and the ventilation system. They got a number of new sensors and new satellite communication and not least a completely new KKI system, Senit 2000, to replace the once modern MSI 80S. From their upgraded operations room, the MTBs could now follow several targets automatically, provide target data to both missiles, torpedoes and the automated cannon, as well as transmit the situational picture between vessels and between vessels and land. It was not without reason that the term “super hawk” was used for the upgraded vessels. Both during the NATO operation Active Endeavor in 2003 at Gibraltar and during the UN operation UNIFIL at Gibraltar and during the UN operation UNIFIL Maritime Task Force off Lebanon in 2006-07, the Hauk class was tested for its capacities and ability to cooperate with other navies, and the feedback was very good.

The fact that the Norwegian Navy, against the Chief of Defense’s recommendation, received a commitment to procure a series of five new Skjold-class MTBs, in addition to updating the first prototype, was perceived by many as a victory for the MTB weapon and a victory for the future. It still came as a big setback for many that from 2008, you were no longer allowed to continue sailing the Hauk class, not even until the entire Skjold class had been taken over. What would happen to our fully usable “superhawks” was not easy to figure out. They were tried to be sold as warships, but no “sufficiently friendly” countries were interested. The last six Superhawks were eventually completely demilitarized and only in 2012 were they sold to the British company CAS Global. Two of these, with a new light blue color like two Danish fishing boats, are currently docked at the old navy yard. The distance to the warehouse where the Marine Museum preserves our very first torpedo boat Rap from 1873 is no more than 140 metres. It’s a bit sad, but history is preserved in any case.

Kongsberg Penguin MK 1 SSM Rockets


Here s an article from FFI- Forsvarets Forsknings Institutt (Norwegian Defense Research Institute)

this also show some very interesting and explaining in details videos

(The Norwegian penguin can fly)

Type: littoral anti-ship missile
Place of origin: Norway
Service history: In service 1972-present
Manufacturer/developer: Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace

Mass: 385 kg (MK2)
Length: 3.0 m (MK2)
Diameter: 28 cm
Warhead: 120 kg (MK2)
Detonation mechanism: delay fuze
Engine: Solid propellant sustainer
Wingspan: 1.4 m (MK2)
Operational range: 34+ km (MK2)
Flight altitude: sea skimming
Maximum speed: high subsonic
Guidance system: pulse-laser, passive IR (MK2)
Launch platform: naval ships, helicopters (MK2)






90 år under rent norsk orlogsflagg
Norske marinefartøy - samtlige norske marinefartøy 1814-2008 og marinens flygevåpen 1912-1944 | ARK Bokhandel
Fylkesbaatane – Om saluttkanoner - Kulturhistorisk leksikon
90 år under rent norsk orlogsflagg -
Kongsberg Terne

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