KNM HAUK Missile-torpedoboat Hauk-class - Norwegian Power

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KNM HAUK Missile-torpedoboat Hauk-class

The model in the bottom of the pictrue is after it was upgraded in 2000 the uppermost is the original

DESIGNED IN: Norway
BUILDING SITE: Bergens Mekaniske Verksteder, Laksevåg
LAUNCHED: 11. February 1977
HOIST COMMAND: 18 August 1977

ARMAMENT

1977-2000
1x 40mm L/70 Bofors cannon
1x 20mm Rheinmetall cannon
2x 53.3cm TP613 torpedotubes
6x Kongsberg Penguin Mk.2 SSM anti-ship missiles

2000-2006
1x 40mm L/70 Bofors cannon
2x 12.7mm machineguns
2x Mistral Simbad + Manpad Sum anti air missiles
2x 53.3cm TP613 Torpedocannons
6x Penguin Mk.2 SSM missiles

TECHNICAL DATA
Displacement:150 ton
Hull: steel
Length: 36.5m
Width: 6.2m
Depth: 1.7m
Crew: 18-22 men

MACHINERY
2x Maybach Dieseleignes
Power: 7.34 BHK/7.200 HP
Speed: 46 knots

CALENDAR
2000: Modernized at Kvaerner, Mandal
2006: Scrapped in September

HAUK-CLASS
Because it has been decided that our new Skjold class will be called corvettes, the Hauk class will probably be our last MTBs. As previously mentioned, the term “MTB” is both used as a general term for fast patrol boats, cf. the English term FPB, and it can stand for “missiltor pedo boat”. For the Hauk class, the latter is in any case adequate. They got only two torpedoes, which were of the new Swedish type 612, later 613, while they got a total of six Penguin missiles on the aft deck. Originally, the plan was to build a further 14 Snøgg-class boats, with certain improvements, to replace the 20 Tjeld-class boats in the period 1975-1980. “Hauk” was in that sense only a working term for these modifications. Even then it was discussed whether one should not invest in a catamaran hull instead. Civilly, Westermoen in Mandal had been very successful with its development of such hulls for fast boat traffic on Vestlandet. Alternative construction materials and the use of gas turbines for propulsion were also considered. The Navy’s experiences with the Storm and Snøgg hulls were so good that in March 1974 it was decided to continue the current Hauk concept with a number of adjustments. The hull was similar, but the displacement had been increased to 150 tons, without exceeding the speed (36 knots). The crew could vary

A LITTLE FROM THE AGE OF GREATNESS
the investment in an archipelago navy that was made led to us from the early 1960s having a significant MTB weapon, where the torpedo boats, at least up to the Storm class, were the dominant force. Through the Snøgg and Hauk class, this initiative was largely continued. during the Cold War, MTB became an important part of maritime surveillance, control and assertion of sovereignty. The MTBs were suitable and important in relation to our desire to show a large presence in Northern Norway. this was important both in relation to the Soviet Union, our own allies and in relation to the local population, who often had a good relationship with MTB’s. they earned a well-deserved reputation as an Arctic Ocean guerrilla. their advantage was that they were numerous, that they were mobile, that they could act individually or collectively. before 1960, while the main base was karljohansvern, a number of MTB’s had their base at Marineholmen in Bergen. in 1962 BTB’s headquarters moved to the earmarked MTB harbor at the new main base at Haakonsvern. There it was named the TKB inspection. with the steady increase in the number of vessels and increased presence in northern norway, the need for organization also increased. from 1965 the frigate KNM Garm was rebuilt and renamed KNM Valkyrie, to cover MTB’s need for a depot ship in Northern Norway until 1976. from 1968 MTB’s was organized into a flotilla 1 and 2, each under a separate commander, where the latter was responsible for exercises and operations in northern Norway. the flotillas were later given the historical names MTB flotilla 30 and 54. previously, the only base option in northern Norway had been Ramsund, which, with its slightly off-centre location, was less popular among the heavy personnel in the MTB weapon. from January 1969 you also got Ramfjordnes in Tromsø as a well-protected base with quays and facilities in the mountain

From the early 1970s we had 46 available MTBs, of which there were 20 of the Tjeld class, 20 of the Storm class and 6 of the Snøgg class. The flotillas consisted of four or five squadrons with 4-6 operational boats in each squadron plus reserve boats. from this time it became a requirement that two squadrons should be in northern Norway at all times. It became an unacceptable burden on the staff and many people left. only in 1978 was there a reasonable solution, with 22 Squadron getting a permanent base in Tromsø, which had now become Olavsvern Orlogstasjon, with housing for the personnel who wanted to move with their families.

At the same time, the operating pattern was also changed for the others in a more family-friendly direction. they also received new working time regulations with reasonable financial compensation. even though the Snøgg and Storm class were less dependent on depot vessels, the new depot ship KNM Horten from the summer of 1978 also helped to facilitate the service for the MTB personnel

Part of the reform was therefore an increased focus on education and specialisation, and in September 1978 26 Squadron was established as a separate training and evaluation squadron with a permanent base at Haakonsvern. because there were so many boats, each of which would have a commander, second-in-command and third-in-command, the MTB weapon was characterized by many young officers in responsible positions. fo to cover the need for personnel established the so-called OMA3 education at the Naval Academy. the young, skilled and sometimes very ambitious and often straight from high school applied here. after only a short year of intense training, they were given the rank of ensign and a year’s compulsory service, often as third-in-command or second-in-command at MTB. even though the young people were skilled, under the auspices of the new 26 squadron a separate MTB chief’s course was also established. in this way, it would be ensured that the future jefes could not only navigate at high speed, but that they also had the necessary qualities that were considered necessary for an independent commander in charge of a warship with deadly weapons and ordinary crews. together with the school center at KNM Tordenskjold, 26 squadron also helped to develop the MTB tactics and the procedures for cooperation between the MTBs and the Coastal Artillery and other vessels and aircraft

This was regularly tested in exercises, such as the domestic Squadex and Flotex and exercises with Nato countries. The MTB one cooperated particularly with Denmark, Germany and Great Britain, until they gradually laid down their MTB weapons. for MTB personnel, who were otherwise not spoiled with trips abroad, the Bold Dame joint exercises, called Bold Game from 1974, were important, both academically and socially. nevertheless, it is also true that the MTB service during the Cold War was still characterized by training in the traditional MTB operations, with an emphasis on very good knowledge of the waters and the ability to navigate inland at high speed, and to utilize the terrain to find favorable ambush positions for surprise attacks . was it not to avoid that one ever ran aground. The “tulip club” became a term for the bosses who had had to change propellers after unpleasant encounters with mountains. such damage is predictable and even though emphasis was placed on learning from all accidents, the managers were not normally held accountable. worse were the pure foundations, which in KNM Teist’s case in 1989 stood completely dry on land on the water island in Troms

From the first half of the 1990s, a gradual downsizing of our MTB weapon began. Partly it was due to the end of the Cold War and a changed threat assessment. Even before this took effect, tight operating budgets meant that short-term savings solutions had to be found. And because the MTBs were, after all, so many, savings on the number of sailing vessels and sailing days were less visible than elsewhere. Already in 1989, 23.-squadron was shut down, but in return the Hauk class was improved with new Mistral anti-aircraft missiles. In 1993, 27.-squadron, with the remaining Tjeld-class boats, was also shut down. The following year, the flotilla in northern Norway was shut down, and during 1993-94 the entire Snøgg class went into permanent circulation. Technically, they were still in serviceable condition, but they would eventually have to be converted into new 613 torpedoes, and there was no need for them. deble were all chopped up in 1995, with the exception of KNM Snøgg, which was rebuilt identically to KNM kvikk, because it was then suspected that new electronic equipment on this had caused radiation damage to the personnel. in 1998, 24 squadron was also shut down, and this year the last storm class boats also retired from Norwegian service

LAST CHAPTER
In the end, there was only the Hauk class left, but it wasn’t bad at all either. We had 21 and 26 Squadron in the south, and 22 Squadron in the north, all with four hawks. From 2001, the permanent stationing in Tromsø was abolished, but with the converted supply vessel KNM Valkyrie as a support vessel, they could still operate over time away from Haakonsvern. There was an upturn for the MTB weapon when HRH Crown Prince Haakon chose to do his “compulsory service” at MTB in 1995. They were shown that the MTBs were also useful for the local population when they fought a major fire in Kabelvåg from the sea in 1996. From 1995-1997, they also worked on plans for an upgrade of all 14 boats in the Hauk class. These upgrades, which were largely carried out at Kværner Mandal in the period 1999-2003, were to give the boats an extended lifespan until 2015. The upgrade included, among other things, the ship’s technical control system, the electrical system and the ventilation system. They got a number of new sensors and new satellite communication and not least a completely new KKI system, Senit 2000, to replace the once modern MSI 80S. From their upgraded operations room, the MTBs could now follow several targets automatically, provide target data to both missiles, torpedoes and the automated cannon, as well as transmit the situational picture between vessels and between vessels and land. It was not without reason that the term “super hawk” was used for the upgraded vessels. Both during the NATO operation Active Endeavor in 2003 at Gibraltar and during the UN operation UNIFIL at Gibraltar and during the UN operation UNIFIL Maritime Task Force off Lebanon in 2006-07, the Hauk class was tested for its capacities and ability to cooperate with other navies, and the feedback was very good.

The fact that the Norwegian Navy, against the Chief of Defense’s recommendation, received a commitment to procure a series of five new Skjold-class MTBs, in addition to updating the first prototype, was perceived by many as a victory for the MTB weapon and a victory for the future. It still came as a big setback for many that from 2008, you were no longer allowed to continue sailing the Hauk class, not even until the entire Skjold class had been taken over. What would happen to our fully usable “superhawks” was not easy to figure out. They were tried to be sold as warships, but no “sufficiently friendly” countries were interested. The last six Superhawks were eventually completely demilitarized and only in 2012 were they sold to the British company CAS Global. Two of these, with a new light blue color like two Danish fishing boats, are currently docked at the old navy yard. The distance to the warehouse where the Marine Museum preserves our very first torpedo boat Rap from 1873 is no more than 140 metres. It’s a bit sad, but history is preserved in any case.

Kongsberg Penguin MK 2 SSM Rockets

Spoiler

Here s an article from FFI- Forsvarets Forsknings Institutt (Norwegian Defense Research Institute)

this also show some very interesting and explaining in details videos

(The Norwegian penguin can fly)

Type: littoral anti-ship missile
Place of origin: Norway
Service history: In service 1972-present
Manufacturer/developer: Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace

TECHNICAL DATA
Mass: 385 kg (MK2)
Length: 3.0 m (MK2)
Diameter: 28 cm
Warhead: 120 kg (MK2)
Detonation mechanism: delay fuze
Engine: Solid propellant sustainer
Wingspan: 1.4 m (MK2)
Operational range: 34+ km (MK2)
Flight altitude: sea skimming
Maximum speed: high subsonic
Guidance system: pulse-laser, passive IR (MK2)
Launch platform: naval ships, helicopters (MK2)

VIDEOS

Spoiler

Kystens haier MTB-våpenet 100 år - YouTube
KNM Lom - YouTube

PICTURES AND IMPORTANT DETAILS

Spoiler

HAUK CLASS — ImgBB

SOURCES

Spoiler

Hauk class Fast Attack Craft Missile Torpedo Royal Norwegian Navy
90 år under rent norsk orlogsflagg
Norske marinefartøy - samtlige norske marinefartøy 1814-2008 og marinens flygevåpen 1912-1944 | ARK Bokhandel
Fylkesbaatane – Om saluttkanoner - Kulturhistorisk leksikon
90 år under rent norsk orlogsflagg - Deichman.no
https://www.facebook.com/groups/2347286451/media
Kongsberg Terne
Hauk-klassen – Wikipedia

This post was made by
Til_Dovre_Faller
Warthunder_Norway

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I love missile boats like this, so I’m all for it! +1

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