HNoMS VIKING - Gunboat 1st Class

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HNoMS VIKING - Gunboat 1st Class

Built: Carljohansværns Værft, Horten, Norway building No.72
Launched: 2.April 1891
Hoist Command: 24. August 1892

2x 150mm Krupp breech-loading guns
2x 75mm Armstrong breech-loading guns
4x 65mm Hotchkiss fast firing cannons
4x 37mm Hotchkiss revolvercannons
1x 35.6mm underwater torpedo-tube

1x 150mm Krupp breech-loading gun
1x 120mm Armstrong cannon
4x 76mm Armstrong breech-loading cannons
2x 75mm Armstrong breech-loading cannons
4x 47mm Armstrong revolvercannons
1x 35.6mm underwater torpedo-tubes in bow

Displacement: 1200 tons
Lenght: 63.4m
Widht: 9.3m
Depth: 4.1m
2x Triple-expansion steam-eigne 2.200 IHK
Speed: 15.5 knots
Crew: 151

Command-Tower 75mm armour
Armored deck: 32mm
Full protection in the form of cellulose cells

1892: Test drive
1895: Participated in the opening of the Kiel Canal
1895: Mobilization exercises
1896: Coastal Defense Department cruise
1899: Squadron trip to Copenhagen
1899: Mobilization exercises
1906: Squadron Expedition 1906 and 1908
1924: Command retired on 18 March and the vessel handed over to the Red Cross for use as a hospital ship during the fishing seasons in Lofoten
1940: German hospital ship
1945: Returned
1946: Sold to Friis & Tandberg, Drammen, as a salvage vessel
1948: Barge Ebba for Christiania-Portland Cement
1958: Sold

This is a Gunboat of 1st-Class. there are 3 vessels in this class and all are different, the other two will be separate posts. this is about Viking

A significant improvement from the previous gunboats was the Viking’s high speed. Another feature in the modern direction was that it had a 32mm armored deck and an armored command tower 75mm. It also had full protection in the form of cellulose cells.

Viking was the first ship in our navy to have an electric lighting system. The endorsement was changed in 1904, at the same time as the vessel was partly rebuilt. The one 15cm cannon was replaced with a 12cm (rapid firing cannon) and the side gun was replaced with new and better Rapid Firing cannons. Four 76mm guns were placed in “sponsons” (which are the forerunners of the battleships’ casemates), two on each side.

While the primary task of second-class gunboats was the invasion defense of the archipelago, a need was also seen for a number of larger gunboats that could protect the lines of communication along the coast. First-class gunboats therefore had to be so large and seaworthy that they would engage in battle along the entire coast and in all kinds of weather. At the same time, they were to have both great self-protection and powerful enough armament “shields” to challenge larger armored vessels. After some discussion about the choice of solution, it was first chosen to take the Swedish blenda type as the starting point, and after this the “Sleipner” was built in 1877. (this will be another post)

Viking was both somewhat smaller and older than Fritjof, which was, however, somewhat weaker reinforced. they were both upgraded in 1905, but their biggest problem was that they had too little speed compared to their own and enemy vessels. they therefore had to a greater extent get a role where they operated alone with other tasks against individual ships and enemy merchant ships

in 1904 the 2 vessels had their artillery modernized and the double torpedo cannon on deck was removed. During the mobilization in 1905, Frithjof and Viking were sent to the mountains as a security force together with some torpedo boats, while sleipner more or less alone made up the force in Trondheim.

During the First World War, Viking and Fridtjof were once again based in Western Norway, where they eventually switched and served on the coast of Finnmark. Viking was decommissioned as a warship and transferred to the Red Cross as a hospital ship as early as 1920.



KNM VIKING — ImgBB (pictrues)


90 år under rent norsk orlogsflagg av Marius Thomassen
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