CLASS: 1st class torpedoboat
BUILDING SITE: Marinens Hovedverft, Horten
BUILDING NUMBER: 84
LAUNCED: 30 July 1900
HOIST COMMAND: 1900
DECOMISSONED: 1945 returned & sold
- 2x 37mm Rapid firing Kongsberg/Hotchkiss cannon
-Lisence produced at Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk
-Caliber: 37 mm (37x94R)
-6mm Specal steel armor shield
- 1x 7.92x61mm colt m/29 heavy
- 2x 45.7cm Whitehead Model VIa in overwater torpedocannons
Displacement: 102 Metric Tons
Crew: 19 Men
Eigne: Trippel exmasion steam eigne
Power: 1.100 Indicated Horsepowers
Speed: 20 knots
Coal bunker: 17 Metric Tons
Hull Material: Steel
TIMELINE OF IMPORTANT EVENTS
1900: Hoist command
1940: Sunk by own crew by Kristiansund, Norway 5th of May to avoid getting in the hands of Germany
1940: Hoist by the German navy
1940: Changed name 26 August to NM 16 Balte
1945: Returned to Norway, decommisioned and sold
WHITEHEAD MODEL VIA TORPEDO
Dimensions: 45.7cm x 4.6m
Storage: 10 torpedoes (5 in each torpedorooom)
Torpedo: Whitehead Modell VIa
Propulsion: compressed air propulsion
Speed & ranges:
-25.5 knots 1500m
-30 knots 1000m
Explosives: 70kg of Nitrocellulose (very high explosive)
This is a Norwegian modified torpedo.
in tactical situations in Norwegian waters this was an advanced weapon for its time.
Introduction of sild and some of its sister ships
In order to have a better maneuverability than the previous first-class torpedo boats, which had a turning diameter of about 220 metres, the stern of LAKS and SILD was given a round shape instead of the sharp stern of their predecessors. This should improve maneuverability significantly.
At the outbreak of war in Norway in 1940, LAKS was in Trondheim for repairs. The vessel’s commander, Lieutenant Tamber, decided to make the torpedo boat ready for war, and in all silence torpedoes, ammunition, coal, provisions etc. brought on board. On 10 April, LAKS was ready for war, and Lieutenant Tamber’s plan was to launch an attack on the German cruiser ADMIRAL HIPPER, which was anchored at the nest. But before the plan could be implemented, the cruiser eased off and steered out of the Trondheimsfjord. On 13 April, LAKS was occupied by German soldiers, the Norwegian flag was brought down, and the German war flag raised. A few days later, the Germans put an anti-aircraft machine gun and a drop device for depth charges on board LAKS. Subsequently, the torpedo boat was used as a guard vessel in the mouth of the Trondheimsfjord under the German flag and with a German crew on board.
Under the name ADMIRAL DEINHARD, LAKS was in German service until the end of the war. It was returned to the Norwegian Navy in 1945 and scrapped and sold in 1946. SILD was on 8 April 1940 on its way to Lyngstad in the Kornstad Fjord to complete a special mission. At 1300 on 9 April, the torpedo boat arrived at Kristiansund, where it was ordered to lie down until further notice. On 11 April, SILD took station in Harøysund, and on 1 May the vessel received orders from the section commander that no resistance should be offered to the Germans, and that the crew could be discharged. On 5 May, SILD was sunk in deep water off Svanholmen by some of the torpedo boat’s crew who had remained on board.
Torpedo boat 1st class
The desire for rearmament that followed the union turmoil in 1895 was a golden age for the Navy. The experiences with the smaller torpedo boats were good, and when people were now more offensive in their thinking, they wanted torpedo boats that could meet an enemy outside the archipelago. It was urgent, and therefore the first three were bought in from Schichau in Germany as early as 1896. They weighed 102 tonnes, which was a lot compared to the last 2nd class boats of 65 tonnes. They got no torpedoes in the bow, but two rotatable torpedo guns on deck and two revolver guns. These first three then formed the template for the next seven, which from 1898-1901 were built at the shipyard in Horten, which in 1900 changed its name to Marinens Hovedverft. Here, too, one was a little disappointed that the speed was not higher than 21 knots, and although they could withstand rough seas, they were at the same time so unstable as platforms that torpedo firing became difficult. When lancing, they also tended to dig the foreship into the sea. And with a turning diameter of 220 metres, you weren’t impressed with the manoeuvrability either. It got somewhat better in the last four, which got a rounder act. The command post was placed in a tower ahead, which gave the commanders a poorer overview than on the 2nd-class boats. Exercise activity naturally also increased, and as the new armored ships were delivered, the new torpedo boats actively practiced alongside them. Ideally, the armored ships should operate with support and protection from destroyers, but in the absence of this, the torpedo boats had to cover this role. Tokt was now also added abroad, as in 1904, when one was in Hamburg. Accidents during maneuvering occurred, and from 1902 the torpedo boats were given certain speed reductions during practice. This met with considerable resistance in parts of the officer corps who believed that one had to practice realistically and endure some material losses, if one wanted “war officers as torpedo boat commanders” (Captain Otto). It was recognized that a four-week torpedo boat course was too little, but it was not until 1914 that the Navy’s torpedo and machinist school was established with four to five months of special training.
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