HNoMS NOR

HNoMS NOR


CLASS: 2nd class gunboats after rebuild 2nd class minelayer
TYPE:
1878 Gunboat
1912 Minelayer
BUILDING SITE: Karljohansværns Værft, Horten
NAVY SHIP LIST NUMBER: Serial number 54
BUILT NUMBER: 57
CONSTRUCTION COST: 289 000 Norwegian Kroner included weapons
LAUNCHED: 23 October 1878
HOIST COMMAND: 1878

ARMAMENT
1881 (EARLY) AS GUNBOAT

Spoiler
  • 1x 270mm (26.7cm) Armstrong rifled muzzle loader cannon
    -Caliber: NO3 L/16.7
    -Weight: 20.000 Kilograms
    -Mount: sled aftage with forepivot as bow thruster without protection
    -Manufacturer: Armstrong

  • 1x 25.4mm Palmkrantz-Winborg Machinegun
    -Caliber L/35
    -Mounted on a pedestal/affutasje aft
    -Barrels: 10x
    -Weight: 190 Kilograms
    -Total Lenght: 1.432 Millimeter
    -Manufacturer: Nordenfelt

  • 2x 37mm Hotchkiss Revolvercannons
    -Caliber: L/20
    -Placement/mount: Placed on the bridges in shields of 5mm special steel
    -Armor: 5mm shield with special steel

  • 1x 38.1cm Underwater Torpedotube in the bow
    Torpedo 1
    -Torpedo: Whitehead Torpedo Mk.IVb Model 1
    -Diameter: 38.1 Centimeter
    -Lenght: 4.916 Meter - 5.802 Meter
    -Weight: 360 Kilograms
    -Explosive charge: 42.1Kilograms of Wet Nitrocellulose
    -Travelling range: 400 Meter at 26 Knots, 600 Meter at 21 Knots
    -storage 4x
    Torpedo 2
    -Torpedo: Whitehead Torpedo Mk.IVb Model 1
    -Weight: 376 Kilograms
    -Lenght: 4.916 Meter - 5.802 Meter
    -Explosive charge: 50 Kilograms of Wet Nitrocellulose
    -Travelling range: 400 Meter at 26 Knots, 600 Meter at 21 Knots
    -storage 4x

1881 (LATE) AS GUNBOAT

Spoiler
  • 1x 270mm (26.7cm) Armstrong rifled muzzle loader cannon
    -Caliber: NO3 L/16.7
    -Weight: 20.000 Kilograms
    -Mount: sled aftage with forepivot as bow thruster without protection
    -Manufacturer: Armstrong

  • 1x 37mm Armstrong cannon
    -Caliber: L/45
    -Mount: Armstrong Rapid-firing cannon as stern gunner with shield of 6mm special steel
    -Armor: 6mm shield with special steel
    -Manufacturer: Armstrong

  • 2x 37mm Hotchkiss Revolvercannons
    -Caliber: L/20
    -Placement/mount: Placed on the bridges in shields of 5mm special steel
    -Armor: 5mm shield with special steel

  • 1x 38.1cm Underwater Torpedotube in the bow
    Torpedo 1
    -Torpedo: Whitehead Torpedo Mk.IVb Model 1
    -Diameter: 38.1 Centimeter
    -Lenght: 4.916 Meter - 5.802 Meter
    -Weight: 360 Kilograms
    -Explosive charge: 42.1Kilograms of Wet Nitrocellulose
    -Travelling range: 400 Meter at 26 Knots, 600 Meter at 21 Knots
    -storage 4x
    Torpedo 2
    -Torpedo: Whitehead Torpedo Mk.IVb Model 1
    -Weight: 376 Kilograms
    -Lenght: 4.916 Meter - 5.802 Meter
    -Explosive charge: 50 Kilograms of Wet Nitrocellulose
    -Travelling range: 400 Meter at 26 Knots, 600 Meter at 21 Knots
    -storage 4x

1912 (EARLY) AS MINELAYER

Spoiler
  • 1x 150mm Armstrong Breech loading cannon
    -Caliber: L/46
    -Weight: 7.110 Kilograms
    -Mounted: Bow gun, replaced the old 26.7cm cannon
    -Firerate: Described as slow-firing and suggested replaced
    -Manufacturer: Armstrong

  • 1x 47mm Armstrong rapid-firing cannon
    -Caliber L/46
    -Serial number: Number 20
    -Hotchkiss drop block mechanism
    -Mounted: stern gunner

  • 2x 37mm Hotchkiss Revolvercannons
    -Caliber: L/20
    -Placement/mount: Placed on the bridges in shields of 5mm special steel
    -Armor: 5mm shield with special steel
    -Serial number cannon 1: 3233
    -Serial number cannon 2: 3234

  • 1x 38.1cm Underwater Torpedotube in the bow
    Torpedo 1
    -Torpedo: Whitehead Torpedo Mk.IVb Model 1
    -Diameter: 38.1 Centimeter
    -Lenght: 4.916 Meter - 5.802 Meter
    -Weight: 360 Kilograms
    -Explosive charge: 42.1Kilograms of Wet Nitrocellulose
    -Travelling range: 400 Meter at 26 Knots, 600 Meter at 21 Knots
    -storage 4x
    Torpedo 2
    -Torpedo: Whitehead Torpedo Mk.IVb Model 1
    -Weight: 376 Kilograms
    -Lenght: 4.916 Meter - 5.802 Meter
    -Explosive charge: 50 Kilograms of Wet Nitrocellulose
    -Travelling range: 400 Meter at 26 Knots, 600 Meter at 21 Knots
    -storage 4x

  • SEA MINES OPTIONAL
    -50x pendulum mine M/1911
    -50x pendulum mine M/1913
    -50x swing arm mines M/1915

1912 (LATE) AS MINELAYER

Spoiler
  • 1x 150mm Armstrong Breech loading cannon
    -Caliber: L/46
    -Weight: 7.110 Kilograms
    -Mounted: Bow gun, replaced the old 26.7cm cannon
    -Firerate: Described as slow-firing and suggested replaced
    -Manufacturer: Armstrong

  • 1x 47mm Armstrong rapid-firing cannon
    -Caliber L/46
    -Serial number: Number 20
    -Hotchkiss drop block mechanism
    -Mounted: stern gunner

  • 2x 37mm Hotchkiss Revolvercannons
    -Caliber: L/20
    -Placement/mount: Placed on the bridges in shields of 5mm special steel
    -Armor: 5mm shield with special steel
    -Serial number cannon 1: 3233
    -Serial number cannon 2: 3234

  • SEA MINES OPTIONAL
    -50x pendulum mine M/1911
    -50x pendulum mine M/1913
    -50x swing arm mines M/1915

TECHNICAL DATA
Displacement: 270 Metric tons fully loaded
Lenght: 28.9 Meter
Width: 7.9 Meter
Depth: 2.3 Meter

MACHINERY
2x Vertical compound machines
-Power: 220 Indicated Horsepowers
2x Cylindrical tube boilers
-Working pressure: 4.2 kg per kilovolts per centimeter
Propellers: 2x
Speed: 8.5 Knots (15.74 Km/h)
Bunker: 24 Metric Tons of Coal

CREW
Estimated crew: 43 Men
The size of the crew varied between 19 and 39 men during the various voyages

ARMOR
Hull material: Steel

TIMELINE OF IMPORTANT EVENTS
1878: Launced the 23 of October
1878: Hoist command
1912: Rebuilt as a minelayer
1940: Taken over by German Forces 14 April in Melsomvik, Sandefjord
1945: Returned to Norway
1949: The conversion of the recovery boat Flatholm, Later barge Ba-Fem

HISTORY

Torpedoes rebuilt in Sweden. 38 cm torpedoes with lengths varying from 4,916 m to 5,082 m.

BRIEF
In 1912 Nor was transformed into a minelayer, the 26.7cm muzzle loader was replaced with 1x 15 cm breech loading cannon, and the 37mm was at a later point replaced with 1x 47 mm cannon. The two 37 mm revolvercannons were retained. Furthermore, space was provided for 50 mines.

Nor was stationed at Tønsberg on 9 April 1940. KI 0300 had a full load of mines on board and was ready to lay mines in the fjord barrier between Rauer and Bolærne. The commanding admiral, however, had reason to believe that British vessels would operate in the waters, so he decided that the fjord barrier should not be laid for the time being. Later it was considered unfeasible to lay the mine barrier due to the German traffic in the fjord. The mines were therefore brought ashore in Melsomvik so as not to hinder the use of the vessels’ other weapons. In Melsomvik, Nor was captured by the Germans on 14 April.

After the war, Nor was returned to the Norwegian Navy in 1945. It was decommissioned the same year. In 1949 it was sold to Brødrene Anda in Stavanger.

CANNON BOATS OF THE SECOND CLASS
the monitors were something new and unforeseen that all seafaring nations simply had to have. our construction of these thus meant a breach of the fleet plan of 1859 and in 1872 a new construction program for naval vessels was therefore drawn up. we were in the initial phase of the struggle for parliamentarism and the initiative for the new program was taken by the civilian navy minister Broch. he distinguished himself both by accepting his position in relation to the Storting and by investing in younger and innovative officers in leading positions. it was his chosen successor, Admiral Jakob Lerche Johansen, who in 1877 had this program adopted as a plan for the Norwegian navy’s development over the next 15 years. Rather than continuing to invest in the large ocean-going vessels, or the more stationary monitors, one would now invest in the construction of steam gunboats of 3 different classes, as far as possible with armour-piercing protection. This shift towards a strengthened archipelago defence, which to some extent was to be distributed along the coast, was perceived from a political point of view as a more national defence. the plan was therefore well received and to a greater extent followed up with grants than many previous plans, although this time we also did not come close to the number the plan had adopted. When rebuilding old rock cannons, we also got 16 cannon boats of 3rd class.

second-class gunboats were to be relatively short and wide so that they could withstand the weight of a 27cm Armstrong cannon of 20 tonnes in the bow. with such a large cannon it was believed that they would be able to threaten even larger battleships. they were supposed to have double propellers to ensure good manoeuvrability, but self-protection was given a lower priority. it was bet that they would hide behind the archipelago’s islets and reefs, and partly that they constituted a small target in themselves. speed could not be prioritized either, which a top speed of 8 knots should emphasize.

in the first instance, the gunboats “vale 1874” and “uller 1876” were built. later followed “nor 1878”, “brage 1878” and “vidar 1880” which were also iron boats, while “gor 1884” and “tyr 1887” were steel boats, which, unlike their sister ships, got a 26cm breech-loading cannon. with the development of the torpedo, Nor, Gor and Tyr also got a built-in torpedo launch tube in the bow. in 1894, after the 1877 plan had been replaced by the concerned defense friends’ needs analysis of 1891, but still before the seriousness had dawned on the anti-Union left-sided, with Ææger we secured yet another vessel in this class. It was somewhat larger than its sister ships and distinguished itself, among other things, by having armored decks and a special waterline protection (cellulose belt), and also a 21cm breech-loading cannon in a 40mm shield as bow gun

investment in defense was, as mentioned, not a high priority and until 1895 the training budgets were very tight. Several years could therefore pass between each piece of equipment. once equipped, they practiced in smaller groups together with the monitors, but they maintained the assumption of a certain spread of activity along the coast

They undoubtedly received the most attention in the spring of 1893, when the tension between the king and the Storting over the appointment of a new government was at its peak. then the supposedly king-friendly commanding admiral Koren was accused of having equipped some of the gunboats in great haste and on his own initiative, with the aim that they could be sent to Oslo and used to support King Oscar II. This revelation led to ever-long investigations and open hearings in the Storting, and it meant that the choir had to resign. at one point in the process he gave a slightly disappointed expression that people did not understand how little a gunboat like Tyr could do in relation to a possible rebellion against the king

After an ever-increasing number of exercises, as is well known, the union battle culminated in a mobilization in 1905. There, the second-class gunboats were distributed respectively Hvaler (Æger, Tyr and Gor), Karljohansvern -Nor, Trønsberg Brage and Vidar and the mountains Uller and Vale, but the dispute was resolved as is known, without fighting taking place

When peace had subsided again and the concept of invasion defense had taken a long step in the direction of minesweepers as the good solution for poor nations, the need and usefulness of converting the solid gunboats into minesweepers was seen. during this rebuilding between 1911 and 1914, they switched from large and or slow-firing guns to smaller and faster guns. thus, there was room for around 50 mines, and little by little the torpedo equipment was also removed.

All 2 class gunboats served in the Neutrality Guard and most of the First World War. Vale and Uller did their service in the west, while the others stayed around melomsvik/tønsberg or Hvaler. their task was partly to lay and remove mines. it was a relatively undramatic service, but with so much sailing they were naturally exposed to some accidents, while on a number of occasions they provided assistance to other vessels with problems. Uller also participated in putting out a city fire in Bergen in January 1916. Towards the end and a little after the war, the task became to a greater extent to neutralize mines that had drifted into Norwegian waters, and this was not a risk-free task. the last and somewhat larger Æger had not been rebuilt and it was used as a flagship for the Hvaler department, until it was decommissioned in 1932.

In the inter-war period, the equipment became rarer and when these vessels were re-equipped, except the barge, for neutrality guard in 1939, following the pattern from the previous war, barges Vale, Uller, Tyr had been in stock since the First World War. They didn’t make a big effort during the battles in Norway either, and they were all taken over by the Germans. Some had gotten mines on board without having to lay them, while others didn’t get that far. throughout, the captains believed that the vessels were so old and vulnerable that their voluntary surrender to the Germans was no great problem. an exception was Tyr, which had mines laid in both Lerøyosen and in Vatlestraumen, which later sank several German ships. but Tyr was also eventually taken over by the Germans. after the war, the Germans returned the vessels in a different condition, but they were soon scrapped and disposed of. Tyr was the longest-lived vessel. First as a well-known car ferry in western Norway, before it has had other services in the farming industry until quite recently

IN GAME
The Norwegian 2nd class gunboats are old and slow, but with a large cannon to pose a treath to larger vessels. Many of these has the 270mm Armstrong muzzle loader mounted, but some of the others have more modern cannons from 260mm, 210mm etc, in addition to various smaller cannons

In game i believe this would be placed at rank 1-2, it would have to be used in a smart way due to it’s lack of speed, and the reload time of the large caliber cannon, but if a player can manage that, it has a lot of potentional as the larger cannon can deal a lot of damage to vessels, even larger destroyers. and wile reloading this cannon, the smaller and higly effective 37, 47, 25, cannons can be used to fight off other smaller boats.

I believe the 26.7cm Muzzle loader cannon are of the more modern and last of it’s kind, and while being only one cannon and have much in common with the later breech loading cannons like the 260mm l/22 cannon this could be useable, the ammunition should be pretty simlar, but i have not managed to find information on that.

after it was rebuilt into a minelayer, it now has acess to 3 different seamines and up to ca 50x of them! one could therefore make a barrage of mines, depending on the map, to slow down or prevent the sone from being attacked/captured by the enemy

the torpedoes wich it has, they are not big and strong, but can still do a decent amount of damage to close vessels, and them being forward-firing is an advantage

If it is doubted that the vessel itself, or some of the weapons like the muzzleloader would work, it could be implemented in the most relevant nation to be tested, then await the result and feedback from players

270mm (26.7cm) Armstrong rifled muzzle loader cannon

MINELAYER

This is what it looked like, this is how they stored and dropped the mines of HNoMS Nor and the other vessels of the 2nd class

SKETCH

This is not a Sketch of HNoMS Nor, but of HNoMS Gor wich is another gunboat in the 2nd class, but they are very simlar, the only difference being a little different size and armament, so the drawings here can be used for the HNoMS Nor, until one eventually find a Scetch of HNoMS Nor.


Here is one more drawing, this seems to be more of a “universal” as nothing more than “2nd class gunboat” is specified. (all 2nd class gunboats are simlar, with minor changes in size, weapons and machinery)

PICTURES

Spoiler

HNoMS NOR — ImgBB

SOURCES

Spoiler

MAIN SOURCE
Nasjonalbiblioteket
OTHER
90 år under rent norsk orlogsflagg
Norske marinefartøy - samtlige norske marinefartøy 1814-2008 og marinens flygevåpen 1912-1944 | ARK Bokhandel
Nasjonalbiblioteket
Leselystig 39: Modeller som forteller – Norsk Marinehistorie | Polar Coordinate

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This post was made by
Til_Dovre_Faller
Also known as
Warthunder_Norway