Engesa EE-3 Jararaca: a Brazilian scout car

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Engesa EE-3 Jararaca

The vehicle’s history:

The commercial success of the EE-9 “Cascavel” and EE-11 “Urutu” armored vehicles allowed the Engesa company to vigorously penetrate the international market, realizing a long series of exports. This success led its engineers to design new vehicles that would expand and complement the list offered by the company. One of these vehicles was a small, compact, and agile reconnaissance armored vehicle, designated EE-3 and, in Engesa’s standards, also named after a Brazilian venomous snake (Jararaca).

The “Jararaca” has interesting characteristics that distinguish it from other armored vehicles in its class. Its silhouette is low (only 1.28 m) and its sloping armor stops infantry projectiles and shrapnel. The engine is a national Mercedes Benz (diesel) of 102 HP whose traction is exerted on all four wheels with bulletproof tires. This allows it to reach a speed of 110 km/h on the road.

The vehicle measures 3.9 m in length and 2 m in width and weighs about 5 tons when loaded. The standard armament includes a .50 caliber machine gun (12.7 mm), but it can also be equipped with anti-tank missiles or 7.62 mm caliber machine guns. Its range exceeds 700 kilometers

Basic characteristics:

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The EE-3 Jararaca is a compact and agile reconnaissance vehicle, with a low silhouette that allows it to operate in rough terrain and provides greater protection against enemy detection and attack. Its combination of mobility, firepower, and survivability make it an attractive option for military forces seeking a highly capable reconnaissance vehicle.

Optional Equipment:

  • Rotating turret for the commander’s observation port.
  • Armored cupola for the gunner with an external 7.62mm or .50 caliber machine gun.
  • Rotating turret with a 20mm cannon or 60mm mortar.
  • Turret with a 20mm cannon.
  • Missile launcher.
  • Passive night vision system.
  • Set of radios with communication system.

Engine:

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Its mechanical components were all from the national automotive industry, used in trucks, which facilitated the logistics of spare parts.

Its engine was a Mercedes Benz OM-314A, four-cylinder in-line, turbocharged, and its gearbox was a Clark model 240V, mechanical, with an Engesa downshift box, with helical gears, constant mesh, and a 1.0:1 ratio. Its clutch was a dry single-disc type, hydraulic, and the Engesa multiple transmission box was mechanical, with two speeds and constant mesh.

The steering system was ZF do Brasil model 8058, hydraulic, and its suspension was a rigid floating axle type, with semi-elliptic springs and double-action shock absorbers, with Bendix drum brakes and air-over-hydraulic activation and a mechanical parking brake.
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Variants

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The EE-3 Jararaca comes equipped with a standard armament package that includes a .50 caliber (12.7 mm) heavy machine gun, operated by the vehicle commander. Additionally, it can be fitted with a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun, typically operated by the vehicle gunner.

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For enhanced anti-armor capabilities, the EE-3 Jararaca can be outfitted with a guided antitank missile launch system, often utilizing Milan missiles. These missiles can be transported and launched from a platform mounted on the vehicle’s roof. It’s important to note that the specific armament configuration of the EE-3 Jararaca may vary depending on the user’s requirements and the configurations offered by the manufacturer.

Specifications

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  • Manufacturer: ENGESA - Specialized Engineers S.A
  • Type: Armored Reconnaissance Vehicle
  • Name: EE-3 Jararaca
  • Length: 4.16 meters
  • Width: 2.23 meters
  • Maximum Height (up to machine gun): 1.97 meters
  • Front and Rear Gauge: 1.71 meters
  • Wheelbase: 2.60 meters
  • Minimum Ground Clearance: 0.33 meters
  • Approach Angle: 58 degrees
  • Departure Angle: 54 degrees
  • Total Weight: 5,800 kg
  • Fuel Capacity: 140 liters of diesel
  • Range: 700 km
  • Maximum Ramp: 60%
  • Maximum Slope: 30%
  • Vertical Obstacle: 0.40 meters
  • Turning Radius: 7.73 meters
  • Fording Depth: 0.80 meters
  • Maximum Speed: 100 km/h
  • Engine: Mercedes Benz OM-314 A turbo, 4-stroke, 4 in-line cylinders, 3784 cc
  • Maximum Power: 110 hp
  • Maximum Torque: 343.3 Nm
  • Transmission: Clark 240V mechanical type, 5 forward and 1 reverse
  • Transfer Case: Engesa type with helical gears, complete gearing ratio
  • Clutch: Dry single-disc type, 250mm diameter, hydraulic actuation
  • Multi-Speed Transmission: Engesa mechanical type, 2 speeds, constant gearing
  • Steering: ZF do Brasil model 8053, hydraulic, 5.5 turns lock-to-lock; caster 50, camber 10, kingpin 40, convergence 5-6mm, turning angle 23-25 degrees
  • Axle: Engesa, floating rigid drive type
  • Differential: Braseixos 411, ratio 4.63:1
  • Suspension: Floating rigid axle type, semi-elliptic springs and double-action telescopic shock absorbers
  • Service Brake: Bendix drum brake, air-over-hydraulic actuation
  • Parking Brake: Bendix drum brake, acting on the output of the transfer case, with mechanical actuation
  • Tire: 8.5 x 20" stamped steel rims, with Pirelli Candango 11 x 20", 14 PR tires, with bulletproof cellular system and automatic filling system
  • Electrical System: 24 volts
  • Standard Armament: Armored turret with 7.62mm or 12.7mm machine gun, four smoke grenade launchers, two on each side of the turret
  • Ammunition Supply: 1600 rounds of 7.62mm
  • Optical System: Three daylight periscopes and two direct vision blocks.

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Source

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Jane’s Pocket Book of Modern Tanks and Armoured Fighting Vehicles
Army Guide
O blindado Engesa EE-3 Jararaca - Forças Terrestres - Exércitos, Indústria de Defesa e Segurança, Geopolítica e Geoestratégia
BASTOS, Expedito. C. S. . Blindados no Brasil - Um londo e árduo aprendizado - Volume 2. 1º. ed. Juiz de Fora: Edição do autor, 2012. v. 2. 604p .
Bastos, Expedito Carlos Stephani (June 2006). “Uma realidade brasileira Projetos ainda viá”. Revista DaCultura. 6 (11): 49–51.

5 Likes

+1

Also just to let people know this is even though made in Brazil, the EE-3 with the MILAN ATGM is exclusively operated by Cyprus since Brazil only used this as a light scout vehicle with no anti-tank capabilities

1 Like

Could be good with the ATGM mount. +1

1 Like

The Jararaca using the configuration from Cyprus would be very cool to be added in the game! +1

1 Like

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