30bis-class Polish destroyer, ORP Grom (pennant number 53, 1957)

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Short story & few facts:

Post-war ORP Grom (53) was the second destroyer in the Polish Navy to have this name (name mean ‘thunderbolt’). It was named after the ship sunk during the defense of Narvik in 1940. Built in the A. Zhdanov shipyard in Leningrad, laid down 1 March 1950 and launched 30 April 1950. She started service in the Soviet Baltic Fleet on 11 August 1952 under the name “Способный” (“Sposobnyy” means “capable”). The Polish ensign was raised on 15 December 1957. Peaceful service consisted of exercises interrupted by courtesy visits. One of them is noteworthy: 25 years after the sinking of the first destroyer Grom, in May 1965, his successor and namesake made a courtesy visit Narvik, and drop in Rombakkenfjord the wreath overboard, to honoured died polish seamans. Withdrawn from duty in April 1973. Ship was one of a soviet Project 30bis (Skoryy-class) destroyer. It was develop of the pre-war soviet destroyer project 30 (present in the game: Ognevoy-class destroyer): an enlarged and with stronger engines, torpedo and anti-aircraft weapons. As many as 70 ships of this class were built, making they most produced destroyer class in history of Soviet Union. Additionally, 30-bis class destroyers are absent in Soviet/Russia naval tech tree and this ship is original representative of own class.

Few (lesser known) facts:

  1. The first post-war destroyer of the Polish Navy,
  2. In order to distinguish between the two destroyers with this same name, the post-war one in polish maritime literature is nicknamed ORP “Grom (II)”. By analogy this same situation is with sistership ORP Wicher (II),
  3. She retained first configuration of 37 mm cannons,
  4. Polish Navy first leased the ship, only after 8 years of duty it was cheap purchased from Soviet Union,
  5. Identical sistership, received six months later, was ORP Wicher (II) (ex-soviet «Скорый», Skoryy - mean “Rapid”) - also named after another destroyer - heroic defender of the Polish coast from 1939, had pennant number 54, after 1960 - 274,
  6. They were the last classic (artillery-torpedo) destroyers of the Polish Navy,
  7. Besides fleets of Poland and the Soviet Union, destroyers 30bis-class was using by fleets of Egypt and Indonesia,
  8. Indonesian seamen were trained on Polish ships,
  9. Pennant number was changed from 53 to 273 in 1960.

Photos & plan:



Technical data (December 1957):
Displacement standard: 2,316 long tons (2,353 t)
Displacement full: 3,066 long tons (3,115 t)
Length: 120,5 m (o/a)
Breadth: 12 m
Draught: 4,22 m
Machinery and power: 2 sets geared steam turbines, 4 boilers, 2 shafts, 60,000 shp
Max speed: 36.5 knots
Range: 3870 nmi at 16 knots
Fuel: 698 tons of oil
Crew: 286 man
Armament (December 1957):
2 x double 130 mm B-2LM guns, 1 × double 85 mm 92-K AA guns, 7 × single 37 mm 70-K AA guns, 2 × quintuple 533 mm torpedo tubes, 52 KB naval mines or 60 М-26 naval mines, 2 × depth charge ramps, 2 × depth charge throwers, 51 depth charges.
Radars: Gjuis-1M4, Rif-1, Vympiel-2D, Zaria
Sonar: Tamir-5N
IFF: Kremnij-2


  1. Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Naval Institute Press
  2. Платонов А. В. Советские миноносцы. Часть 1. Санкт-Петербург: Галея-Принт, 2003
  3. Платонов А. В. Советские миноносцы. Часть 2. Санкт-Петербург: Галея-Принт, 2003
  4. Niszczyciele Polskiej Marynarki Wojennej, Witold Koszela, Almapress (publishing house) 2013, Warszawa (Warsaw)
  5. Robert Rochowicz: “Niszczyciele projektu 30 bis”, Nowa Technika Wojskowa nr 3/96 (article in polish military magazine)
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