Dassault Rafale - Variants, Characteristics, Armament and Performance

It also applies to AESA aswell, though the scan methods are different(the famous rave light pattern thing). Some PESAs can look 2-4 targets at the same time aswell. The lobe/beam take an effect in both. Tx/Rx power.

The performance/capabilities gap between AESA/PESA is actually much much bigger than you think. Espcially western v eastern. If you think of it, NCTR is 40 year old tech done with 40 year old tech, and it was effective and reliable. Finding target signals that are sub-noise level has been done, ~ TWO decades ago. And much more.