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The Arab Tu-22 "Blinder"


WayOfTheWolk
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The Arab Tu-22 "Blinder"   

62 members have voted

  1. 1. Would you like to see the Tu-22 "Blinder" implemented in War Thunder?

    • Yes
      56
    • No (explain)
      6
  2. 2. How should the Tu-22 "Blinder" be implemented in War Thunder?

    • Regular Tree
      40
    • Premium
      10
    • Event Vehicle
      6
    • I said no
      6
  3. 3. Which country should receive the Tu-22 "Blinder" in War Thunder?

    • Soviet Union
      46
    • Germany
      9
    • I said no
      6


The Arab Tu-22 "Blinder"

1245_illustrazioneLR.jpg

Artist's rendition of the Tu-22 "Blinder" in Iraqi desert camouflage

Introduction:

Since the 1960s the Soviet Union, Libya and Iraq had enjoyed close relations through political means. Muammar Gadaffi and the Iraq based Arab Socialist Baathist Party had ideological sympathies for the endeavors of the Soviets and in response both countries were supplied with arms and personnel training from the USSR. A formal 15 year treaty of friendship with Iraq was signed in April 1972 under the supervision of Moscow. In 1973 the USSR went further approving the sale of 10 Tu-22 "Blinder" supersonic bombers along with 2 trainers to the Iraqi Air Force, additional aircraft were sent to Libya. These aircraft, the most advanced in any Arab air force at the time were used to their full extant serving a career of nearly 20 years before either being lost in combat or abandoned in the desert. It should be specially noted that the USSR only briefly used the bomber variant of the Tu-22, this is a unique Arab aircraft in many regards. In War Thunder the Tu-22 "Blinder" has the potential to be a capable Rank 7 bomber aircraft for a variety of military powers. 

 

General History:

During the Kurdish Uprising between 1974-75 Iraqi "Blinders" were used against the local population targeting suspected insurgent hideouts and villages. The damage reportedly done to the Kurds was so consequential that the Soviets actually had to temporarily halt military sales to Iraq out of humanitarian worries. This was the first debut of the Tu-22 in an operational combat mission and it was gruesomely successful. This however was only the first of such "terror bombings" in Iraqi military history. During the infamous Iran-Iraq war that lasted over a decade the Blinder was used to its full potential bombing Iranian cities with almost complete impunity. A rebuild program was undertaken from 1981-83 repairing the hardened aircraft that had been sitting unused since the Kurdish campaign training new personnel and re-stocking parts stores from the Soviets. Previously much of the bomber crew consisted of delegated East German pilots who throughout the 1970s operated both Iraqi and Libyan Tu-22s under contract. By February 1984, the Blinders were ready again engaging now Tehran in an effort to diminish the morale of the Iranian people. While the Iranian Air Force did have the necessary aircraft to intercept the supersonic bombers the lack of confidence and adequate training meant that the chances were slim overall. Iranian F-4 pilots could catch the Tu-22 at level altitude but the moment they made a shallow dive it was over for the defenders. This was exacerbated by the fact that the Iraqis had started to mask Iranian early warning radars using Soviet provided Pelena II radio jammers and interestingly enough creating chaff clouds by filling the bomb bays with chaff. 

 

This did not mean however that the IQAF was left unscathed by the Iranians particularly regarding losses by the more advanced Iranian F-14 Tomcats. A total of 4 Blinders were lost during the Iran-Iraq conflict due to enemy fire and the rest due to mechanical failure or lack of spare parts. The Tu-22 had a shaky record in Soviet service prone to mechanical conflicts and this plagued the Iraqis from the start to the end of their service life. By the 1980s the Soviets had begun to withdraw support from Iraq due to humanitarian concerns over the conduct of the war and the looming economic situation at home. Operation Desert Storm in 1991 decimated the Iraqi Air Force on the ground rendering the Blinder fleet completely inoperable. Invading Coalition forces had discovered aircraft hidden under sand piles salvaging the remnants and scrapping the rest. Today Iraq no longer operates any Blinders in its reformed air force and this chapter of Iraqi history has faded into the dust .

 

In Libyan service the Tu-22 "Blinder" was almost exclusively operated by East Germany under contract. Their first mission consisted of a bombing run on Mwanza during the Uganda-Tanzania war on March 29, 1979. Later on during the 1980s Libya was once again using the Tu-22 during the Chadian-Libyan conflict running terror bombings deep into the Chadian capital of N'Djamena. One notable mission occurred on February 17, 1986 when a single Libyan aircraft struck the army airfield at the capital demolishing a great portion the runway and suspending French military operations for a day. The East German pilot evaded French radar by flying low over the desert for most of the journey only to sudden climb over the airfield at Mach 1 dropping at least three crippling bombs. Further raids on N'Djamena proved unsuccessful as French counter-intelligence was able to gain interception of the bombers with the last mission of the conflict occurring on September 7th, 1987 (for a total loss of 2 Blinders). Libyan Blinders continued to fly until September of 1992 when the fleet was grounded due to a lack of technical assistance.

Images:

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Place in War Thunder:

You might have noticed at the top of the suggestion I give the choice for players to either choose a Soviet or German tech tree for this vehicle's representation. Multiple countries have played a role in this aircraft's service tenure in some way or another.  While the Soviets could logically receive as the aircraft's builder Germany (GDR) provided pilots to Iraq and Libya for a lack of trained staff so an argument could be made to give the Blinder to the German tech tree. On the other hand I wouldn't suggest this as a premium simply to avoid outcry from the player base with a supersonic bomber premium. As we continue to advance in War Thunder the need for every nation to have equipment on par with the meta will increase; this is a solution to that end.

 

Specifications:

Crew: three (pilot, navigator, weapons officer)
Length: 41.6m
Wingspan: 23.17m 
Height: 10.13m
Wing area: 162 m2
Empty weight: 85,000
Loaded weight: 92,000
Powerplant: 2 x Dobrynin RD-7M-2 afterburning turbojet engines
Dry thrust: 107.9 kN (24,300 lbf)
Thrust with afterburner: 161.9 kN (36,400 lbf)

 

Performance:

Maximum speed: Mach 1.2 (1,510 km/h) 

Range: 4,900 km (3000 mi)
Service ceiling: 13,300 m (43,600 ft)
Rate of climb: 12.7 m/s (2,500 ft/s)
Wing loading: 525 kg/m² (108 lb/ft²)
Thrust/weight: 0.39

Armament: Guns: 1×23mm Rikhter R-23 in tail turret, 1 x Kh-22 cruise missile, 12,000 (26,500 Ib) of bombs 

ZwINClN.gif

 

Sources:

 

Edited by WayOfTheWolk
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  • Senior Suggestion Moderator

Open for discussion. :salute:

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+1 I fully support it for the Soviet tree. I previously made an IQAF MiG-19S skin, and the Iraqi roundels are one of the most beautiful roundels on aircraft.

 

Spoiler

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https://live.warthunder.com/post/839072/en/

 

Here are some camouflages for the Iraqi Tu-22 that I found.

 

42194268_2061940907216968_51689209895803

http://www.findmodelkit.com/content/tu-22kd-blinder

 

tu22(ab).jpg

http://iraqimilitary.org/forums/viewtopic.php?t=63

 

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http://wp.scn.ru/en/ww3/b/653/19/0

 

afa7c5b9e4a6b590604d2c4005ca19ab-iraq.jp

Edited by Borotovas
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  • Technical Moderator

I would love to see this being added, if possible to as many trees as feasible. +1 from me! :yes_yes_yes:

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On 30/11/2019 at 21:20, WulfPack said:

+1 as a camo for the one in the Soviet TT.

Should it be added.

 

So it would be like the North Korean MiG-15bis in the USSR tree, and not a separate plane? That could work.

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  • 2 weeks later...

While I did speak to the aircraft's Libyan history I realize I did not create a poll for the separate camo. Perhaps then the Soviets could get a Iraqi Tu-22 while the Germans could get a Tu-22 in Libyan camouflage. 

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1 hour ago, Private_Wolk said:

While I did speak to the aircraft's Libyan history I realize I did not create a poll for the separate camo. Perhaps then the Soviets could get a Iraqi Tu-22 while the Germans could get a Tu-22 in Libyan camouflage. 

 

I think that would ruin the poll again. What if you made a suggestion about another Libyan aircraft, or another thread for specifically the Libyan Tu-22?

 

 

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2 hours ago, Borotovas said:

 

I think that would ruin the poll again. What if you made a suggestion about another Libyan aircraft, or another thread for specifically the Libyan Tu-22?

 

 

I'm just going to leave it as for the time being and let the developers sort it out if this ever gets passed for consideration. East Germany piloted both Iraqi and Libyan models so it honestly wouldn't matter much either way.

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23 hours ago, Private_Wolk said:

I'm just going to leave it as for the time being and let the developers sort it out if this ever gets passed for consideration. East Germany piloted both Iraqi and Libyan models so it honestly wouldn't matter much either way.

 

But I think that Libya switched it's roundels back when the 1977 revolution happened.

 

It went from having the red-white-black roundel, to simply having a green roundel.

 

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40_2.jpg

 

240px-Roundel_of_Libya_(1977%E2%80%93201240px-Roundel_of_Libya_(1969%E2%80%93197

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  • 4 weeks later...
  • 1 month later...
  • 8 months later...
  • 1 month later...

You did a really extensive research, and the suggestion is well written, but, with all due respect, we don't need any copy-paste premium aircraft.

-1

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  • 5 months later...
  • WayOfTheWolk changed the title to The Arab Tu-22 "Blinder"
  • 7 months later...

+1 for a future Arabian tree or perhaps the Soviet tree as an event vehicle or something.

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  • 3 months later...
  • Technical Moderator

Additional source:

 

East German crews were part of the 1110th Expeditionary Bomber Squadron of the LARAF (Libyan Arab Republic Air Force), and served alongside Soviet, Syrian and Pakistani pilots which were deployed to Libya between the 1970's and 1980's. More commonly, the 1110th and 1120th Expeditionary Bomber Squadrons were referred to as the first and second bomber squadrons.

 

These foreign crews are stated to have flown both day and night missions on a regular basis.

 

Additionally, it is specifically mentioned, that during a sortie of two Tu-22B's over Chad, in 1987, a French SAM site had hit and destroyed one of the two bombers. The crash site was investigated and the cockpit was also found. All three (tragically deceased) crew-members were later identified to be East-German.

 

Therefore, a case can be made that, along with the USSR tech-tree, Germany could also have the potential to receive the Tu-22B, as a premium, or preferably as a tech-tree vehicle, as it would be the closest thing to a post-war strategic bomber for Germany, as neither West-Germany, nor East-Germany, adopted any kind of strategic bomber after the second world war.

 

Source (2 parts),these are excerpts published by the author of the relevant articles in the magazine "AirEnthusiast Volume 116 and 117: Bombed by Blinders by Tom Cooper":

https://web.archive.org/web/20140202164142/http://www.acig.info/CMS/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=247&Itemid=47

https://web.archive.org/web/20141003165815/http://www.acig.info/CMS/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=249&Itemid=4

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The two publications in question, screenshot from here:

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Short descriptions of the contents of both magazines, the authors of the "Bombed by Blinders" articles are stated to be Tom Cooper, Farzad Bishop, and Arthur Hubers:

https://www.magazineexchange.co.uk/cw/air-enthusiast-magazine-issue-116.html

https://www.magazineexchange.co.uk/cw/air-enthusiast-magazine-issue-117.html

 

Tom Cooper is an Austrian author, who became known for his books about African and Middle Eastern aviation like "Iran–Iraq War in the Air, 1980–1988. Schiffer Publishing, 2003, ISBN 0-7643-1669-9 ." and "Libyan Air Wars. Part 1: 1973–1985. Helion & Company, 2015, ISBN 978-1-909982-39-0 ." which, looking at the overall reviews I have seen, are rated as well researched and credible books:

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Additional info about Tom Cooper from the German Wikipedia article (I couldn't find the English one, my apologies):

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Cooper_(Autor)?msclkid=5ea783b1cf2111ec8ccbc38a5f035e14

 

 

Additional online source:

 

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Translation:

When investigating the downed Tu-22B, the French soldiers discovered that the three crew members killed were German pilots. They were apparently pilots from the GDR (German Democratic Republic).

 

Taken from: http://web.archive.org/web/20050412135809/http://www.libyen-news.de/chronik_1987.htm

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