kleinerPanzer

T-34's with UZTM Turrets: Curvesssss

In addition to the 3 main factories producing the T-34 in spring of (UTZ, STZ, No. 112), others were soon added to the roster as the German attack began to threaten the one at Stalingrad. UZTM, or Ural Heavy Machinery Plant, was one of those factories. There, they had access to a 10,000-ton steel press which could create T-34 turrets, but with an interesting shape. It appears that no examples survive to this day.

 

This suggestion is for: T-34 Model 1942 (UZTM), T-34 Model 1943 (early) (UZTM), and T-34 Model 1943 (late) (UZTM). The differences between the two Model 1943s are outlined in my other suggestions with the standard turret: 

https://forum.warthunder.com/index.php?/topic/459336-t-34-model-1943-early-speed-is-key/

 

Image result for T-34 formochka

Image result for T-34 pressed turret

This latter image should not show tracks on the upper front hull. This modification was not introduced until mid-1944, after 76-mm T-34 production had ended.

 

OVERVIEW

Compared to the existing Model 1942 and my suggested Model 1943's, the only difference is the shape and composition of the turret armor. The armor is instead forged/pressed/stamped (the terms seem to vary across sources), but otherwise nothing is different.

Images

Spoiler

 

Related image

A tank with the stamped turret. Curiously, there is a bracket for mounting the drum fuel tanks above the third road wheel, a feature that would also be associated with a cupola, among other later production features.

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The same tank from a different angle.

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A late Model 1943 with the stamped turret.

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An earlier model, either 1942 or early 1943.

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A late-model UZTM turreted tank. The distinctive features of the late Model 1943, such as the fuel drum brackets and cupola, are clearly present.

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Model 1943 tanks on the production line.

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A captured Model 1943.

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German troops inspecting a UZTM T-34. Notice how the turret handrails are not the same as those found on traditional Model 1942 or 1943 tanks, and are more similar to the ones mounted on the hull sides of the Models 1942 and 1943 produced at UTZ and UZTM.

 

HISTORY

 

 

Production of the familiar Hexagonal turret of the T-34 Model 1942 began in April 1942. This was a substantial improvement over the original rounded turret, providing a more ergonomic interior. It still retained some issues, but it was an improvement nonetheless.

 

As the German advances of 1942 drove southwards towards the Caucasus Mountains and Volga River, the tank factory at Stalingrad (STZ) became threatened. In 1942, three more factories began producing the T-34. Chelyabinsk-Kirov Factory No. 100, in Chelyabinsk, Factory No. 174 in Omsk, and UZTM in Yekaterinburg. Previously, UZTM produced components (hulls) for the T-34 and sent them to nearby UTZ, as well as to STZ and No. 112 on occasion. ChKZ had been producing KV-1 tanks and other vehicles based on its chassis, while No. 174 had previously built the T-26 and T-50 tanks.

 

UZTM had access to a 10,000-ton press (some sources say only 5,000-tons; it really doesn't matter) which would be used to quickly create a T-34 turret. This process was used to create well over 2,000 of the hexagonal type of turret before production stopped.

 

The design features of the UZTM turrets closely followed changes by UTZ, mostly due to proximity. The most notable change was the introduction of the cupola to the later production Model 1943 tanks. A number of these turrets were also shipped to other factories, mainly to ChKZ but supposedly to No. 112 and even UTZ as well.

 

STATISTICS

Model 1942

Crew

4 (Driver, Gunner, Loader, Radio Operator)

Length

6.07 m

Width

2.95 m

Height

2.604 m

Ground Clearance

0.4 m

Weight

29.8 t (sources vary by +/- 1.0 t)

Ground Pressure

~0.7 kg/cm2 (no agreement between sources)

Track-Ground Contact

3.84 m long, 0.55 m wide

Engine

V-2-34 V12 diesel
500 hp at 1800 rpm

Power-to-Weight Ratio

16.6 hp/t

Transmission

4 forward, 1 reverse

Speed

45 km/h (road), 30 km/h (cross-country)

Fuel

540 L

Range

300 km (road), 180 km (cross-country)

Wall-Climbing

0.7 m

Trench-Crossing

2.5 m

Max Gradient

35%

Max Fording Depth

1.3 m

Armor

Hull:

 45 mm front

 45 mm sides

 45 mm rear

 16 mm roof

 13 mm floor

Turret:

 45 mm front

 45 mm sides

 45 mm rear

 16 mm roof

Smoke

None

Armament

1x F-34

2x DT

Primary

76,2 mm F-34 (77 Rounds) (others say 100 Rounds)

Elevation: Manual, -5 to +28°

Traverse: Powered, 360°, 17.5°/s (this is Gaijin's stock number; sources do not agree at all)

Secondary

7,62 mm DT x2 (1890 Rounds)

Coaxial:

Traverse: Same as primary armament

Elevation: Same as primary armament

Hull:

 Traverse: Manual, +/- 12°

 Elevation: Manual, -6 to +16°

 

Model 1943 Early

Crew

4 (Driver, Gunner, Loader, Radio Operator)

Length

6.07 m

Width

2.95 m

Height

2.604 m

Ground Clearance

0.4 m

Weight

30.0 t (sources vary by +/- 1.0 t)

Ground Pressure

~0.7 kg/cm2 (no agreement between sources)

Track-Ground Contact

3.84 m long, 0.55 m wide

Engine

V-2-34 V12 diesel
500 hp at 1800 rpm

Power-to-Weight Ratio

16.6 hp/t

Transmission

5 forward, 1 reverse

Speed

55 km/h (road), 30 km/h (cross-country)

Fuel

540 L

Range

300 km (road), 180 km (cross-country)

Wall-Climbing

0.7 m

Trench-Crossing

2.5 m

Max Gradient

35%

Max Fording Depth

1.3 m

Armor

Hull:

 45 mm front

 45 mm sides

 45 mm rear

 20 mm roof

 13 mm floor

Turret:

 45 mm front

 45 mm sides

 45 mm rear

 20 mm roof

Smoke

None

Armament

1x F-34

2x DT

Primary

76,2 mm F-34 (77 Rounds) (others say 100 Rounds)

Elevation: Manual, -5 to +28°

Traverse: Powered, 360°, 17.5°/s (this is Gaijin's stock number; sources do not agree at all)

Secondary

7,62 mm DT x2 (1890 Rounds)

Coaxial:

Traverse: Same as primary armament

Elevation: Same as primary armament

Hull:

 Traverse: Manual, +/- 12°

 Elevation: Manual, -6 to +16°

 

Model 1943 Late

Crew

4 (Driver, Gunner, Loader, Radio Operator)

Length

6.07 m

Width

2.95 m

Height

2.604 m

Ground Clearance

0.4 m

Weight

30.0 t (sources vary by +/- 1.0 t)

Ground Pressure

~0.7 kg/cm2 (no agreement between sources)

Track-Ground Contact

3.84 m long, 0.55 m wide

Engine

V-2-34 V12 diesel
500 hp at 1800 rpm

Power-to-Weight Ratio

16.6 hp/t

Transmission

5 forward, 1 reverse

Speed

55 km/h (road), 30 km/h (cross-country)

Fuel

540 L + 180 L external

Range

300 km (road), 180 km (cross-country)

Wall-Climbing

0.7 m

Trench-Crossing

2.5 m

Max Gradient

35%

Max Fording Depth

1.3 m

Armor

Hull:

 45 mm front

 45 mm sides

 45 mm rear

 20 mm roof

 13 mm floor

Turret:

 45 mm front

 45 mm sides

 45 mm rear

 45 mm cupola

 20 mm roof

Smoke

None

Armament

1x F-34

2x DT

Primary

76,2 mm F-34 (77 Rounds) (others say 100 Rounds)

Elevation: Manual, -5 to +28°

Traverse: Powered, 360°, 17.5°/s (this is Gaijin's stock number; sources do not agree at all)

Secondary

7,62 mm DT x2 (1890 Rounds)

Coaxial:

Traverse: Same as primary armament

Elevation: Same as primary armament

Hull:

 Traverse: Manual, +/- 12°

 Elevation: Manual, -6 to +16°

 

SOURCES

 

1 - https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Т-34

2 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-34

3 - Soviet Tanks in Combat 1941-1945: The T-28, T-34, T-34-85 and T-44 Medium Tanks by Steven J. Zaloga, Jim Kinnear, Andrey Aksenov & Aleksandr Koshchavtsev 

4 - https://erenow.net/ww/russian-armour-in-the-second-world-war/3.php

5 - ТАНК Т-34 РУКОВОДСТВО ВТОРОЕ ИСПРАВЛЕННОЕ ИЗДАНИЕ ВОЕННОЕ ИЗДАТЕЛЬСТВО НАРОДНОГО КОМИССАРИАТА ОБОРОНЫ МОСКВА - 1944

6 - https://ww2-weapons.com/t-34-tank/

7 - http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/weapons_t-34_production.html

8 - http://tankarchives.blogspot.com/2016/03/t-34-improvements-1943.html

9 - http://tankarchives.blogspot.com/2016/09/tank-improvements.html

10 - http://tankarchives.blogspot.com/2015/10/t-34-commander-cupolas.html

Edited by HugoTroop
fixed typo in the weight of the tank
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Open for discussion. :salute:

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As much as I love Soviet tanks I don't really see the point to these tanks if the only difference is in the turret, not even the gun. At most I'd say yes to the very last/best version and put it in a folder with 1942, but all of them are really unnecessary.

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i think that one of them still survives(i think), i saw it on a belarusian reenactment, here is the vid: 

 

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this would do better as an event/premium tank, since it would clog up the tree pretty badly, seeing how many T-34s we already have

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You know, on top of adding this as a premium or squadron vehicle, they could replace the model in the german tree for the captured one, with a more unique turret. Just a thought.

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I would really love to see it in game, the early russian tree can surly need some new spicy things :wink:  (The Turret seems bouncy)

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