kleinerPanzer

T-26 Model 1933: Firepower!

T-26 (1933)  

22 members have voted

  1. 1. Should the T-26 Model 1933 be implemented?

    • Yes, in the tech tree (as a Reserve)
      18
    • Yes, in the tech tree (not as a Reserve, please explain)
      2
    • Yes, as a premium (please explain)
      0
    • Yes, as a gift/rare (please explain)
      1
    • No (please explain)
      1


The T-26 Model 1933 was the first T-26 to be armed with the 45 mm 20-K gun, as opposed to the old twin-turret configuration of the Models 1931 and 1932. This turret was shared with the BT-5 and early-production BT-7.

 

soviet-t-26-model-1933-tank-photo-balcer

 

OVERVIEW

The T-26 Model 1933 introduced a new cylindrical turret housing a 45 mm 20-K gun to the T-26 chassis. Previously, it housed two machine gun turrets, and occasionally a 37 mm gun in one of them. Now, the tank had real anti-tank firepower, and could prove it worth in the upcoming conflicts.

 

Compared to the Model 1939 in-game, other than the turret, there isn't much difference statistically. The only other notable visible change is that the armor on the Model 1933 is riveted, while on the Model 1939 it is welded. That aside, the tanks are functionally identical, and the T-26 Model 1933 could easily replace the Model 1939 as the Reserve vehicle. It would best be foldered with the T-26 Model 1939.

 

Turret

Spoiler

T_26M36_1.jpg.567162ea841b9987d6df94db4a

The cylindrical turret and riveted construction are visible here. The original square hatches mean this is one of the earlier production tanks.

cvy7fu83jg721.jpg.514261b63761e21d2fbc9e

An early riveted Model 1933 retrofitted with the spotlights above the gun. This example is a rarer version mounting the horseshoe radio antenna.

Hull

Spoiler

1176206059_T-26_model1933.jpg.44245208e8

The riveted construction of the Model 1933 is evident here. Structurally, it is unchanged from the welded version. This example also had its radio antenna torn off.

OZ54xGA.jpg.84039e1794093ed6d251662eb980

This tank is made of welded construction, and has also had its antenna removed.

 

HISTORY

In the beginning of the 1930s, the Soviet Union began license-producing the Vickers Mk. E design (Vickers 6-tonne) locally as the T-26, with Soviet tooling and weaponry. The initial production was virtually unchanged from the original Vickers design, with twin turrets each housing a single machine gun. Over the course of two years, this design saw minor upgrades and revisions, but its lack of anti-armor firepower was quite evident. So, in 1933, along with the BT-5, a new cylindrical turret was produced. The new 45 mm gun was excellent for its time period, being able to reliably punch through just about any armored fighting vehicle of its era. Earlier production models had a cylindrical turret with a square stowage bin attached to the rear. Soon, this was replaced by a turret bustle in a more elliptical turret. In 1935, fully welded construction replaced the rivets. This variant with the turret bustle and welded armor, but none of the below listed improvements, is the variant I am suggesting.

 

In 1936, a rear-facing machine gun was installed in the turret. In 1937, the twin searchlight over the gun and P-40 anti-aircraft machine gun mount were added to some vehicles. Throughout the entire production period, the horseshoe antenna was seen on approximately 1 in every 5 tanks. The Model 1933 became the most produced variant of the T-26 during its entire production run, with some 5,500 examples being built. 

 

The Model 1933 first saw combat in 1935 in the Spanish Civil War, where it performed decently well when supported by infantry. They were far superior to the German Pz.Kpfw. I and the Italian L 3/33 and L 3/35 tankettes. In 1937-39, the T-26 participated in the border skirmishes with Japan. Here, the T-26 still performed well, although not as well as in Spain. Spalling from the Japanese guns became an issue, and the thin armor was still penetrable even by the 37 mm gun found on the Ha-Go. The tank was particularly susceptible to Molotov cocktails and other flame devices. Model 1933s were also sent to China to fight Japan in the Second Sino-Japanese War.

 

This design remained relatively unchanged for a while. In 1938, the creation of a conical turret was ordered. This was done to increase the armor of and improve the lifespan of the T-26. This was not entirely successful, as, by the time it first saw service in 1939 against Finland, its thin armor and lackluster firepower were on full display. By the German invasion in 1941, the T-26 was outclassed. Even so, some T-26s remained in service up until 1944, mostly on the Leningrad front. Some were known to have participated during the Battle of Korsun-Shevchenkovskiy and the Korsun-Cherkassy Pocket. 

 

STATISTICS

 

Crew

3 (Gunner, Loader, Driver)

Length

4.65 m

Width

2.44 m

Height

2.24 m

Ground Clearance

0.38 m

Weight

9.6 t

Ground Pressure

0.61 kg/cm2

Engine

GAZ-T-26 Inline-4 Gasoline

90 hp at 2100 rpm

Power-to-Weight Ratio

9.38 hp/t

Transmission

5 forward, 1 reverse

Speed

35 km/h (road), 15 km/h (cross-country)

Fuel

290 L

Range

220 km (road), 130 km (cross-country)

Wall-Climbing

0.75 m

Trench-Crossing

2.0 m

Max Gradient

84%

Max Fording Depth

0.8 m

Armor

Hull:

 15 mm front

 15 mm sides

 15 mm rear

  6 mm roof

  6 mm floor

Turret:

 15 mm front

 15 mm sides

 15 mm rear

 10 mm roof

Smoke

None

Armament

1x 20-K

1x DT

Primary

45 mm 20-K (122 Rounds)

Elevation: Manual, -5 to +30°

Traverse: Manual, 360°, 9.5°/s (this is Gaijin's stock number)

Secondary

7,62 mm DT x1 (2960 Rounds) (there is wide disagreement on the amount of MG ammunition)

Coaxial:

 Elevation: As Primary Armament

 Traverse: As Primary Armament

 

SOURCES

1 - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-26

2 - https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Т-26

3 - https://www.tankmuseum.org/museum-online/vehicles/object-e1990-63

4 - https://www.jaegerplatoon.net/TANKS3.htm

5 - http://tankarchives.blogspot.com/2013/12/t-26-upgrades.html

6 - http://www.tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/soviet/soviet_T26.php

7 - T-26 Light Tank by Steven Zaloga

8 - Tank T-26 Manual

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