AMX-13 VCI 1957  

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  1. 1. Would you like to see in War thunder the AMX-13 VCI ?

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AMX-13 VCI

( Véhicule de Combat de l'Infanterie )

 

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DESCRIPTION

 

The AMX-13 VCI (for Véhicule de Combat d'Infanterie or "infantry fighting vehicle") is one of the many variants of the French AMX-13 light tank. It was used by the French army in 1957 before being replaced by the AMX-10 P, itself replaced by the VBCI from 2008.

 

The welded body used sheets of homogeneous steel armor, with a max thickness of 30 mm with a well-sloped frontal armor but the rounded nose and characteristic splash-board, borrowed to the AMX-13 chassis. It is divided into three compartments, with the driver and engine compartments at the front and the troop compartment at the rear. This rear compartment was completely modified to carry a central bench for an equipped platoon of ten men seated back to back, fully equipped. They had two rear access doors and a sloped roof with two additional two-piece hatch covers and four pistol ports per side (an innovation for the time). The infantry could either jump over the top or disembark through the rear doors, also fitted with pistol ports.  The driver/co-driver had their own hatches and the driver single-piece hatch cover opened to the left and could see through three prismatic vision blocks covering the front and sides. The central one could be replaced by a night vision periscope. There was a tall superstructure just after the engine, and a rotating commander cupola on the left side, with four to ten vision blocks, depending on the version. This cupola was often modified during production to house a variety of armaments. One of the most current was the light turret (Tourelleau CAFL 56) developed in 1956-57. The superstructure front right was equipped with fasteners to hold storage.  The suspensions, transmission, engine, tracks, were similar to the AMC-13 model 1956. The torsion bar suspension consisted of five single rubber-tired road wheels with a front drive sprocket, rear idler, and three to four return rollers per side. The first and last road wheels had hydraulic shock-absorbers. The narrow 85 links steel tracks could be fitted with rubber pads. However, the VCI was heavier than the AMX-13, giving a 13-tonne ratio. In addition to a top speed of 60 kph, the gasoline tanks were reduced in capacity so that the overall range was reduced to 350 km (vs 400).

The SOFAM engine was mounted facing the rear.

 

HISTORY BACKGROUND

 

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The AMX VTT / VCI was the first French infantry fighting vehicle APC and IFV. It was developed in the 1950s on the basis of the AMX-13 light tank, after a 1952 Army specification for an APC, and two rejected Hotchkiss prototypes. Designation changed several times, from Model 56 (or TT 12 CH Mle 56) Tracked Trucking in 1956, then VTP or Personnel Transport Vehicle for "Personal Transport Vehicle" in 1957 to ATV in the 1960s. Troops for " troop carrier "at VCI today Infantry fighting vehicle, especially when armed with a 20mm QF automatic gun fired with AP shells. With 3,300 vehicles, the most produced APC / IFV in France has so far been exported with the same success as the light tank on which it was based. It was replaced by the more conventional AMX-10P in 1973 and is now retired in France, although several armies still use it today.

 

Drawn from 3,000 copies in 1957, he was carrying ten infantrymen. This machine is called AMX-13 ATV when it receives a CAFL 38 dome armed with a 7.5 mm machine gun (model 1952 automatic weapon) or the Giat CB 127 armored trolley equipped with a 12.7 Browning M2 mm. The latest versions mounted a turret equipped with a 20 mm rapid-fire gun, T20-13 or Toucan I. In 1963, the AMX 13 VTT was already mass-produced at Chantiers de La Seyne-sur-Mer. In 1964, the 24th Fighter Battalion transported to Tübingen, West Germany, was equipped.

 

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The head of the family VTT, described below, is more particularly intended for the transport of the combatants: it is about the vehicle of combat of infantry, or VCI. In addition to its pilot at the front left of the body, as on all AMX 13s, the ATV / VCI carries, in a fully closed armored cockpit (which can even be sealed against contaminated gas and dust), a group of 12 men who has: - special provisions (benches, weapons racks, chests, etc.) for personnel and their equipment as well as for individual or collective weapons and their ammunition. - A cockpit mounted on a turret or an armored tower. - gunshots allowing 10 fighters transported and sitting - facing the road - to use their individual weapons, even when moving laterally or backwards. - large openings (2 rear doors and 4 folding side flaps) allowing instant evacuation of transported personnel. The combat group can, in this armored vehicle, cross contaminated areas, defend itself during the movements while being protected from small arms of the battlefield and shrapnel artillery, descend near a objective to quickly carry out an action of infantry, reinforced - if necessary - by the precise lights of the cockpit of the vehicle. The operation of the VTT / VCI is simple, its easy maintenance and its mobile equal to that of the tank AMX 13: it is the base vehicle of the units of infantry

 

Around 2500 vehicles of all versions were used in France from 1957 to the early 1980s. Starting in 1973 the regular VCIs were gradually replaced by the AMX-10P. The light protection, lack of range, cramped interior, lack of NBC protection, amphibious or night vision capabilities were known tradeoffs for the AMX-13 chosen as a basis for commonality and cost. Some specialized versions were used well into the 1980s. Since it was armed with a 7.5 or even a 12.7 mm machine-guns, these vehicles were merely APCs, but became early IFVs when equipped with a potent 20 mm autocannon in the 1960s or AT missiles (ATGMs like the Milan or TOW). These were also proven adaptable and versatile.

 

TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS

 

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Dimensions and weight
Mass 15.0 tonnes
Length 5.7 m
Width 2.67 m
Height 2.41 m
Ground clearance ( ? )
Armament
Main gun 20 mm Oerlikon KAD cannon
Ammunition load

 ( ? )

Machine gun N/A
Smoke pot N/A
Elevation ( ? )
Traverse range 360o
Crew
Turret  1 ( Gunner )
Hull  2 ( Driver / Commander ) + 10 Passengers
Mobility
Engine SOFAM Model 8Gxb 8 cylinders 
Engine power 250 hp ( 190 kW )
Maximum speed on road 60 km/h
Power / Mass  16.7 hp / tonne
Maximum inclination - Side slope

60% - 60%

Maneuverability
Vertical obstacles 0.7 m
Trench 2 m
Protection
Overall structure 40 - 10 mm

 

 

 

 

 

 


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Sources

 

 

:snowgirl:

Elise.

Edited by *Elise_DoumDoum
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Open for Discussion.:salute:

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4 hours ago, Admiral_Aruon said:

hmmm... could it make for a tier 1 or early tier 2 AMX-13? because it feels like the french Panzer II F. +1 at any rate.

Well not really because it has APDS if I'm not wrong so I would say something like tier 3 br 4.3 (for the 20mm only variant).

 

Edited by IxiRip
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On 5/2/2018 at 11:54 PM, IxiRip said:

Well not really because it has APDS if I'm not wrong so I would say something like tier 3 br 4.3 (for the 20mm only variant).

 

 

ehhh at tier 1-2 autocannon APDS rounds really have no real difference in value vs HVAP, especially since the VCI would amount to a cross between a gepard (1 gun) and wirbelwind (punching power).

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On 08/05/2018 at 5:04 AM, Admiral_Aruon said:

 

ehhh at tier 1-2 autocannon APDS rounds really have no real difference in value vs HVAP, especially since the VCI would amount to a cross between a gepard (1 gun) and wirbelwind (punching power).

I meant that having something this modern at tier 1/2 feels a little bad for me and it's either too powerfull for tier 1/2 wich would mean it would be good as a tier 3 light tank or it's too weak and it should be introduced as an tier 3 SPAA.

Edited by IxiRip
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