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Why early? As far as I know Romanians got 12 Hurricanes with metal wings and 3 blade propellers, so it's not early model. Which is good because we don't have early model in game.


You are right.

The word "early" stuck to mind from a airfix model where the artist stated that he had used a H MkI early kit.

I'm terribly sorry for the confusion and thank you for your prompt correction.


As for poor old Mikey with lance ...that's the job of lawyers :)

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Ok, three new updates on the master list:


- QuarterNinja also recently suggested William Anderson. I've done a bit of digging and his P51D is one of the variants we have in game, so he's on the list.


- Horia Agarici also added. Mickey will be a problem, but as and when the time comes to feature a Swiss ace we can cross that bridge then.


- Couldn't add Spate at the moment, based on his Me163 not being in game. We could always add him for ace profile but it would be a crying shame to miss out on that red skin.


- I also added Stan Orr; if a Fulmar magically appeared in the next few months that would be great, but he also flew Hellcats later on. 


- Galland is written up for August; I've submitted a suggestion for Marseille as an ace profile article. 

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Ok, three new updates on the master list:



- Horia Agarici also added. Mickey will be a problem, but as and when the time comes to feature a Swiss ace we can cross that bridge then.


I have to tell you that Horia Agarici was Romanian not a Swiss (just citizenship-only born there) from his youth he lived and died for Romania http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horia_Agarici he never fought for Switzerland and he was a Romanian ace not a Swiss ace http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_World_War_II_flying_aces_from_Romania Please correct this!

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Thanks for the correction - one of the great things about our little WT community, I'll be the first to admit to having a rather constrained area of knowledge so it's really good to be constantly learning so many new things from so many different nations. 

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Luckily Anderson got support :)


- Couldn't add Spate at the moment, based on his Me163 not being in game. We could always add him for ace profile but it would be a crying shame to miss out on that red skin.


I think the same about red skin. It made me angry when I found out that different armament... Similar story again.

I will dig some Me 163 monographs ans propose earlier variant to be added in suggestion forum, who knows maybe Lassar say he like idea.

Also I will there propose a Bf 109V-4 (basically a early bf 109B), sent to Spain and flown by Hannes Trautloft (4 victories in Spain + 57 in WW2)


If some of them happens in future, Ace profile will be just perfect :)


PS. I borow that idea from FlyingDuckOfSky and his Galland's planes.



I have to tell you that Horia Agarici was Romanian not a Swiss (just citizenship-only born there) from his youth he lived and died for Romania


That's interesting, Zumbach earlier proposed as a Polish Ace of the Month, but lost in poll against Gładych, was a similar case, he inherit Swiss citizenship. That's why I like that thread, many interesting informations.

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Thanks for the correction - one of the great things about our little WT community, I'll be the first to admit to having a rather constrained area of knowledge so it's really good to be constantly learning so many new things from so many different nations. 


That's interesting, Zumbach earlier proposed as a Polish Ace of the Month, but lost in poll against Gładych, was a similar case, he inherit Swiss citizenship. That's why I like that thread, many interesting informations.

Glad to help, that why it's a community.

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The following pilot didn't considered an ace, because he was 1 aircraft short for that, but he was the top Hungarian CR.42 pilot, making him the only pilot who claimed all of his victories with a biplane which can be found in the game, so I want to try.


Ace – Szőnyi Márton (Martin Szőnyi in english)

Nickname – „Lapaj” (a humoruos way to call someone tall, Szőnyi was almost a head taller than most of his pilot comrades)

Rank – Warrant Officer (hungarian: zászlós)

Nationality - Hungarian

Service - Royal Hungarian Air Force

Aircraft – Fiat CR.42

Serial Number – V-203

Time frame - 1941

Approved by biographer - Yes



This photo was taken in august, 1944, Kijev airfield, just before his final mission


He was born on 8th December, 1918 in Győr. Between October 1938 and May 1940 approximately 200 Hungarian pilots got their theoretical and flying training in Grottaglie, near Taranto (South Italy). The theoretical instructors were Hungarians and the flying instructors were Italians. The reasons for these arrangements were Hungary's peace dictate after the First World War, military flying was forbidden until 1938 for Hungarians. WO Szőnyi was attached to 1/3. "Kőr Ász" (Ace of Hearts) Fighter Squadron and he arrived to the Squadron at the beginning of May, 1940. The unit was equipped with Fiat CR.42s. During this time, Slovakian aircrafts constantly violated the Hungarian airspace, so with a weekly change, one flight was always stationed at Kassa (Košice, Slovakia). Szőnyi was in the first group. During the time of the Second Vienna Award, the Squadron was stationed at Szolnok, where they waited for the command to attack Romanian forces, but the order never came. After this, the Squadron was restationed to Mátyásföld Airport, Budapest. Later in autumn, Szőnyi won a shooting tournament amongst the pilots of the Squadron.



Szőnyi at the airfield of Tiszasüly, summer, 1940


During the time of the Invasion of Yugoslavia, the Squadron was re-stationed to Budaörs, then to Pécs. Their first mission was on 10th April, 1941, when nine fighters, including Szőnyi secured the air above the bridgehead between Barcs (Hungary) and Verőce (now called as Virovitica, Croatia) for Wehrmacht troops. On the very same day, they were re-stationed at Szeged. On 11th April, their new mission was to provide air cover for Hungarian troops, while they marched from Szeged to Mélykút. The mission was carried out with five planes, Szőnyi was amongst them. On the same day, they flew on a new mission, this time they secured the airspace between Bácsalmás-Madaras-Katymár. They didn't encountered with enemy aircrafts. On 12th April, from 09h 20min to 11h 15min, Szőnyi was amongst those nine fighters which escorted bombers between Baja-Őrszállás (today's Stanišić, Serbia)-Kerény (Kljajićevo, Serbia). It was on this mission that the 1/3. "Kőr Ász" Fighter Squadron used it's guns for the first and the last time during the Yugoslavian Campaign. The fighters flew around Zombor (Sombor, Serbia) with a huge left turn from the south, Őrszállás (Stanišić, Serbia). They were above the Franz Josef Canal (Little Bačka Canal, Serbia) where one of the bridges were blown up, and Serbian troops tried to cross the Canal on the other one, while laying down explosives to blew that other bridge too behind them. These were retreating Serbian troops from Zombor (Sombor, Serbia), the column consisted motorized vehicles, horse-drawn vehicles, infantry and cavalry, and they moved to south. There was a train too, south from the bridge, moving slowly towards Sztapár (Stapar, Serbia). The Hungarian fighters attacked the Serbian troops in a clomun formation, nosediving from 1500 meters. They attacked the troops on the bridge first, then they made a left turn and attacked the train next. After the attack, they saw that the train stopped. From that day on, untill 16th April, they flew a few more reconnaissance and escort missions, but they didn't encountered with any enemy aircrafts. They were re-stationed to Mátyásföld in the second half of April.



This picture was drawn by Szőnyi's comrades, illustrating him


On 10th July, 1941, the Squadron flew from Mátyásföld to Galicia province, to relief the 2/3. "Ricsi" Fighter Squadron. Unfortunately for Szőnyi, he couldn't join them, because he went to a hospital with a broken arm. They flew to Kolomyya, then to the Squadron's first airfield at Jezierzany (today it's called Ozeryany, Ukraine), north from Kolomyya, and they arrived on 13th July. They had some escort msiions, but Szőnyi was not amongst them, then on 20th July, the Squadron was moved to the airfield of Bar, after that, to Sutysky on 23th July. An empty Soviet POW camp was next to this airfield, that's where the Squadron installed it's headquarters. On 28th July, they were moved again, this time to Hannopil'. On 29th July, they were ordered to escort Ju86 bombers to their mission, but the bombers chose another flypath, and did not informed the fighters, who waited for the bombers to fly above them. Because the bombers didn't followed orders, the result was 1 shot down Ju 86. Warrant Officer Szőnyi arrived to his Squadron on 1st August, 1941. His first mission was on 3rd August, when he and two other members of the Squadron flew to the area above Pushkove-Olviopol (east bank of Pervomais'k) highway, where friendly units were under attack by Soviet fighters. When the Hungarian fighters arrived, the Soviets were nowhere to be found, but they remained in the area to secure the airspace. On 4th august, 2nd Lt. Seres and WO Szőnyi escorted a scout plane to Savran', then they landed at Bershad', to where the Squadron was moved. Seres and Szőny flew two other msiions too, later that day, both was to secure ground forces at Olviopol. In the evening, 2nd Lt. Pettendi, and Warrant Officers Szénási and Szőnyi secured the airspace for the third time on that day above Olviopol for friendly troops.


On 5th August, Szőnyi and three other members of the Squadron secured the river crossing at Olviopol in the morning. When they returned at noon, another command arrived. A Soviet ANT-9 three-engined aircraft just landed at Pidvysoke (or Podvysokoye) to take out Major-General Nikolay Nikanorovich Belov. The mission was to destroy that aircraft. It was carried out by Cpt. Tomor László, 2nd Lieutenants Pettendi János and Seres Albert, Warrant Officers Szőnyi Márton and Baranyai Károly, and Sr.A. Göcsei Lajos. After 40 minutes of recieving the order, they were above the target area. They flew around the village a few times, searching for the aircraft, or a place where it could take off. Meanwhile the Soviet anti-aircraft batteries didn't opened fire, maybe they didn't want to give out the location of the aircraft they were guarding, as they knew that the planes bove them were fighters, uncapable for dropping bombs on them. After a few circles, Cpt. Tomor saw a stubble-field next to the Soviet HQ building, which was capable for a three-engined aircraft to land and take-off, but there was nothing on it, just a bunch of wheat. Cpt. Tomor decided to attack that point, and started to dive from 2000 meters. The Soviet AA guns immediatelly opened fire at the Hungarian fighters. Cpt. Tomor opened fire at 1000 meters. He himself didn't saw the well camouflaged ANT-9, and continued after a turn, he continued his attack on the HQ building, but 2nd Lt. Seres, who was right behind him, and at the first dive thought that Cpt. Tomor found the target, could see the contours of the aircraft under the wheats. Because of his burst, the wheats caught on fire, and the others attacked the flaming aircraft, destroying it. During the attack, Sr.A. Göcsei was hit by AA fire and his flaps were damaged. He landed his aircraft at Hannopil' which had a bigger airfield than Bershad', where WO Szőnyi landed his dmagaed CR. 42. WO Szőnyi's fighter was hit 4 times. During the mission, 2nd Lt. Pettendi went missing, and even after a long search, he couldn't be found. His status was KIA. It's assumed, that he jumped out of his damaged aircraft and landed near Pidvysoke, where he was taken as a prisoner. Records of the German 17th Army's aerial corps says, that after this low-altitude attack, an angry Soviet commissar ordered the execution of any Hungarian and German POWs. The mentioning of Hungarian POWs is very obtrusive, because there were no Hungarian POWs in the area during the Battle of Uman, furthermore, most Soviet troops had no idea that there were Hungarians at the front. Even at the later state of the war, it was a common phaenomena, that the Soviet troops couldn't recognize their enemies as Hungarians. They usually faced with their enemies Hungarian nature, when they captured and interrogated them. It's highly possible that the mentioning of Hungarian POWs refered to 2nd Lt. Pettendi, who was captured alive and interrogated.


On 10th August, WO Szőnyi and 2nd Lt. Seres escorted a scout plane from 06h. Later on that day, the Squadron was informed that next day, they will escort bombers.


On 11th August, 1941, 6 planes of the Squadron and the Reggiane Re2000 Flight, which was attached to the Squadron for testing of this fighter under combat conditions, took of under the command of Cpt. Tomor László to escort 1st Lieutenant Szakonyi's Caproni Ca135 detachment. The mission was to destroy the important bridge over the river Bug at Nikolayev since this bridge was the last remaining escape route of the encircled Soviet army. The bridge was however strongly defended by antiaircraft batteries and fighters. On the way to the target the antiaircraft fire was heavy. Most of the bombers were hit but yet they destroyed the bridge and severely damaged the railway station. On the return flight the Hungarian aircraft were attacked by Soviet I-16s. The Hungarian fighters flew above the bombers when they left the target area and when the Russian leader selected the first Caproni he was intercepted by Sr.A. Göcsei and 2nd Lieutenant Seres. A turning dogfight followed but the Hungarian CR.42s stayed behind the desperate Russian until Göcsei found himself in a favorable position. He sent a long burst into the fuselage of the I-16, flames leapt from the aircraft and it fell towards the ground like a spinning torch. Almost at the same time WO Kun had shot down another I-16 which just flew in front of his machine guns. When Cpt. Tomor rejoined the bombers he discovered a lone I-16 behind one of the Capronis. He dived on the enemy and shot it down in flames. At the same time Szőnyi and WO Baranyai, who were escorting a crippled Caproni, encountered two I-16s and shot them down promptly. 2nd Lt. Seres, who flew back to search for the two fighters and the bomber, saw the two Soviet fighters hitting the deck. This was the 1/3. "Kőr ász" Fighter Squadron's first five claims during the Second World War and all CR.42s were hit but none were lost. The Re2000s claimed 2 more Soviet fighters, but had lost a pilot. The crippled Caproni claimed 3 and another Caproni claimed 1 additional Soviet fighter.


On 26th August, 2nd Lt. Seres' section flew a sortie over Dnepropetrovsk when they noticed three enemy fighters below. The CR.42s dived on them immediately. On of the Soviet fighters noticed the Hungarians and dived away but 2nd Lt. Seres sat behind on of the other I-16s and sent burst after burst into the fuselage. The chase ended when the I-16 flew into a group of trees. Szőnyi managed to creep up on the other I-16 undetected and sent a long burst into it. Within a minute the machine exploded among the houses of a village. While this happened WO Baranyai found himself face to face with five more I-16s. He raced towards them with machine guns firing and managed to break through. Then he turned back and attacked one of the Russian fighters. Soon, however, another I-16 began to shoot at him from behind. And when he managed to evade the bullets, another I-16 appeared from the opposite direction. He did not quite know how long this deadly play went on but he was wounded in the leg, his oil tank was holed and there were bullet marks all over the aircraft. He remained cool and kept using the CR.42s excellent manoeuvrability and survived until 2nd Lt. Seres and Szőnyi reappeared on the scene. Now the Hungarians surprised the Russians and within seconds Seres and Szőnyi shot down an I-16 each in flames. At long last WO Baranyai had his opportunity to pick an adversary. His long burst penetrated the I-16 and, trailing black smoke, it hit the ground beside the Samara River. When Wo Baranyai landed not a drop of oil was left in his tank. Fortunately his wound was not serious and he was soon patched up by the medics and flew again the next day.


On 27th August, their mission was the same as yesterday, to protect and cover German troops and the bridgehead over Dnepropetrovsk. 2nd Lt. Seres Albert and WOs Baranyai Károly and Szőnyi Márton arrived to the airspace at 08h 40min. After 35 minutes, they were about to turn back home - while they constantly changed altitudes, so they can both see above and below the clouds, which were floating at 2000 meters -, when they saw two Martin bombers (don't know which type), just below the clouds. They flew at the same altitude, but the distance between the Hungarian fighters and the Soviet bombers didn't decreased, the bombers were too fast. Then 2nd Lt. Seres saw an I-16 fighter below the bombers, which tried to gain altitude. The situation was suspicious for the Lieutenant, because normally more than one fighters are escorting a bomber group. He alerted his squadmates to be cautious and started to attack the Soviet fighter. The I-16 turned -either he saw the Hungarians, or the bombers allerted him, as the tail gunners opened fire on the Hungarians, without any success-, and flew below 2nd Lt. Seres, but the Hungarian was a good pilot. He pulled his plane up, and twisted the CR. 42s rudder to the right direction. The I-16 was in his sight and he opened fire, setting the Soviet fighter on fire, which crashed. At this moment 2nd Lt. Seres' anticipation proved to be right, as three other I-16s dived in above the clouds at exact moment, when the Lieutenant started the attack. The three Ratas attacked the two Warrant Officers,  Szőnyi's aircraft probably took hit during this attack. The two WOs pulled their planes up, and luckily for them, they turned faster than the Soviet fighters, as only a few amount of gas remained in the CR.42s. 2nd Lt. Seres turned and engaged one enemy fighter, but his guns jammed. Despite this, he remained behind the I-16, keeping it occupied, so the other two Hungarian pilots fought 1-1 Soviet fighters each. WO Baranyai outturned his enemy and shot it down when the I-16 tried to suddenly change it's left turn to a right turn. When WO Baranyai turned towards his squadmates, the other two Soviet fighters escaped alongside with the bombers. 2nd Lt. Seres turned to head home and showed the "Rally" hand sign to the two Warrant Officers, but Baranyai saw that Szőnyi kept circling around. He flew next to Szőnyi, showed the "Rally" handsign, then he followed his Lieutenant. He looked back and saw that Szőnyi still circled around. Baranyai turned again, flew next to Szőnyi, and when his mate turned towards him, he showed the handsign again and followed 2nd Lt. Seres. But Szőnyi never followed and his squadmates lost sight of him, and due to the low amount of gas, they didn't turned back to search for him. Later at the airport they thought, that he was shot and slowly lost consciousness. The CR.42 was stable enough to keep circling around on it's own for minutes before it crashes.


The pilot who defeated Szőnyi was 1st Lt. P. N. Malcev, pilot of the 166th Fighter Aviation Regiment (which was renamed as the 88th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment in 1943.05.08.), who identified the Fiat CR.42 falsly as a Henschel HS.123, and reported his victory as a "Taran". In his report, he stated that his guns jammed, so he cut off his opponent's rudder, which forced the enemy pilot to jump out, the he performed an emergency landing. Szőnyi's remembrances from his POW period proves this, as he wrote that he felt a faint hit on his plane, which became uncontrollable, so he jumped out and landed on a Soviet airfield, so he had no chance to hide or return to friendly lines. From here, he was taken to Synel'nykove, then to the POW camp for German officers at Oranki. The reason why Szőnyi didn't looked around more intensly, or used his mirror, or why he cricled around above enemy territory, all alone, while his squadmates returned to friendly lines, we will never know.


What we do know, that even if he didn't shot down a Soviet plane during his previous digfight, he had a Russian confirmed kill. Three of his remembrances were published in the Soviet "True Word" ("Igaz Szó" in Hungarian, it was published from the summer of 1942, formerly as "Field News" or "Tábori Újság" in Hungarian, then it was renamed as "True Word" from 10th October, 1942) propaganda-sheet, which was published for Hungarian POWs. The first of his remembrances was titled as "Against fascism" ( 30th November, 1943, on the 3rd page), the second one as "Hungarian "wings"" (8th February, 1944, 2nd page), and the third as "Hungarian pilot-comradeship" (22th February, 1944, 2nd page). In one of his rememrances he speaks in a 3rd person singular, and wrote:


"The Hungarian pilot in captivity was captured by the soldiers of a Russian forward operating auxiliary field, and treated him with the biggest gallantry, although they saw as he caused one of their comrade's death in action."


This implies for an aeiral victory, without any Hungarian witnesses, but it's also possible that his crashing aircraft fell on a Russian, killing the soldier. In any case, a POW usually do not brag about something like that, so we should take it very seriously that Szőnyi caused some damage for the Red Army, immediatey before he was captured. And the reason why his remembrances were published is because he applied to a partisan school. But to how much of a degree his voluntary application was in fact voluntary, can hardly be ascertained, as there were very few Hungarian POWs during that time, and even fewer were officers, so his "re-education" would have been a huge success for the Soviet propaganda. The real reason why Szőnyi joined the partisans could be that he looked for an opportunity to get home, as there were many examples, that an Axis POW volunteered to a partisan course, just to return to his troops when he was dropped behind Axis lines. It's also clear, that his remembrances went through a censorship, because the tone in them didn't resembled to the former Szőnyi. Furthermore, in his "Hungarian pilot-comradeship" remembrance, he wrote that he was abandoned by his squadmates, which was clearly not the case. It's highly possible that the Soviet censorship made little changes in his remembrances, to lay dirt on the bravery and honour of the pilots of the Royal Hungarian Air Force, to make the enemies of the Soviet Union look cowards and dishonourable people, as were the case, and still is in all nation's war time propaganda. He applied to two anti-fascist courses, one on 2nd May, 1942, and the next in October, 1942. He went to an anti-fascist school in April, 1943, in Krasnogorsk, then to another from October, 1943 to March, 1944, meanwhile he went to Svyatoshino, near Kiev on 4th January, 1944 to go through a two weeks long partisan course.



Map, showing the landing sites of Szőnyi's team, their equipment and the area, 1944.08.08.-09.


After he finished the partisan school and the paratrooper training in Obariv, near Rivne, he spent some months amongst Ukranian partisans, agitating Hungarian troops for surrender and joining the Red Army. After some time, Szőnyi became a team leader. Most of the partisan groups were under the command of the 4th Ukrainian Front's Partisan HQ, but Szőnyi's team was not under the direct command of the 4th Ukrainian Front. On 8th August, 1944, he an his team of 8 Hungarian and 5 Soviet partisans were dropped over Hungary. They landed near to Tarnalelesz, 10 kilometers north-east from Pétervására, in the Bükk Mountains. Their mission was to blew up railway lines, structures and military supplies, as well as to sabotage the industrial area of Borsod, recruiting the workers and the locals. However, their team was compromised by Hungarian gendarme ("csendőr" in Hungarian) units at the very moment of their parachute jump, because their aircraft which took off at Kiev, made plus circles, which alerted the whole area, and started to search for the separated group. Three Hungarians from the team were captured on 11th August, in a forest south from Borsodszentgyörgy, the majority of the group engaged the gendarmes at Domaháza, Járdánháza and Bükkszentgyörgy. Two other partisans were killed in this fight. Only four Soviet members of the team managed to escape and join the Slovak partisans after a long game of hide-and-seek, the others were captured, killed or committed suicide. Warrant Officer Szőnyi was betrayed by a stooge in the end. He slept in the Macskás-tanya (roughly translated as "Cat-homestead"), in the village of Kissikátor, when the gendarmes broke in and shot him down without question on 7th September, 1944. He was awarded with the Medal "Partisan of the Patriotic War" 1st class. As said before, it's not clear, if WO Szönyi was fully re-educated, or was looking for a way to get home, as he neither tried to give himself up, nor to do partisan activities after he was dropped. He was simply hiding, but it's most likely, that he wanted to escape from his Soviet captives and go home, but was afraid to give himself up to Hungarian authorities, because he knew, that according to Hungarian laws of that time, he would be executed as a partisan. After the war, Szőnyi became a martyr, a hero for the Hungarian People's Republic, who gave his life for Hungary's freedom from the "fascist reign". Even after the end of Communism, he is still well respected.




Memorial of WO Szőnyi at Lake Hagony (Hagonyi-tó in Hungarian), near the village of Hagony. The text on the Memorial says "In memory of Szőnyi Márton, Royal Hungarian Air Force flight Warrant Officer and his anti-fascist team"


List of claims



1941.08.11. I-16

1941.08.26. I-16

1941.08.26. I-16

1941.08.27. Russian aircraft (?)



This picture was taken in 1939 winter, when the new aircraft arrived. This was later Szőnyi's fighter.


Painting scheme of another plane. It's not Szőnyi's, but his aircraft looked exactly the same, except for the victory mark on the tail, which he didn't had, and his serial number was V.203.

Edited by Hebime
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The following pilot didn't considered an ace, because he was 1 aircraft short for that, but he was the top Hungarian CR.42 pilot, making him the only pilot who claimed all of his victories with a biplane which can be found in the game, so I want to try.


That's certainly a good enough claim to fame for me! I'll get him added to the list.

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Ace: Petrović, Bosko

Nationality: Yugoslavian

Service: Spanish Republican Air Force

Aircraft: I-15

Variant: ???

Serial Number: CA-118

Time Frame: July 1937

Approved by Biographer: Can approve once we have a positive confirmation of variant




Does anybody have any information of which variants of the I-15 were shipped to Spain?

I thought a Yugoslav and Spanish Civil War ace might be interesting. Maybe not for a full Ace of the Month feature but could be suitable for Ace Profile.



I would like to see Spanish Civil War ace, so I wonder it is possible to find which I-15  variant was he flying on this photo?




Oh, ,BTW is there any chance that some of already presented aces will get a skin in nearest big patch?

Edited by Botan

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I would like to see Spanish Civil War ace, so I wonder it is possible to find which I-15 variant was he flying on this photo?


Oh, ,BTW is there any chance that some of already presented aces will get a skin in nearest big patch?

Not an I-15 Bis for sure... But I can't tell the difference between the M22 and the M25 engine :P
Ok... I think it might be a M22 (changed my mind) Edited by babehunter1250
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For a long time I haven't proposed somebody from Poland. Time to wake up thread a bit, I don't think next Polish ace will be featured soon, but that one is interesting just for read about here I think.


Ace - Brigadier General Witold Aleksander Urbanowicz

Nationality - Polish

Service - Polish Air Force, RAF, Polish Air Force in UK, Fourteenth Air Force (14 AF) USAAF (Flying Tigers) in China

Aircraft - Hawker Hurricane

Variant - Hurricane Mk I

Serial Number - V6684, code RF-F

Time frame - summer 1940





Born in 1908 in Olszanka near Augustów, It's one of the best known Polish aces of Polish Air Force.

Never was shot down, never jumped on parachute and never was injured during flight.

He flew over Poland in 1939 in obscure PZL P.7 in improvised unit consist of flying school instructors. After that he participated in famous BoB, where he become best Pole in Hurricane (but not the best Polish pilot on Hurricane, that one was Czech, but "honourable Pole", Josef František), one of he best Hurricane aces and BoB aces, who twice was credited with 4 enemy aircraft in one day, in total in Bob was credited with 15. Also he fought in China against Japanese in 1943 under General Claire Lee Chennault command where he was officially credited with 2 Japanese planes. It gives total 17 official victories.


However his first victory it's still unclear. In August 1936 he shot down reconnaissance Soviet plane which violated Polish Air Space and opened fire to him when intercepted. However probably both sides "silenced" problematic accident and no official information can be found.


He was straight person talking what he things, in result he was moved to "Eaglest School" in Dęblin, when he become one of the best instructors, liked by pupils. During invansion of Poland he defended that school in old wear out PZL P.7 used earlier then for training, with no success but some German bomber attacks were disrupted.

After that he successfully lead 50 of it's cadet officers from Poland by Rumania to France. Still, as a instructor he wasn't appointment to fighter unit, so he moved to UK hoping for that. Joined Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve (Polish-English military agreement wasn't signed yet). After training in No. 6 OTU was posted to No. 145 Fighter squadron in August 1940, then shortly to No. 253 Squadron and finally 21 August 1940 to Polish 303 Squadron as a Flight "A" commander. After Squadron commander was injured he replaced him.

Because of age and his experience he was removed from flying duties and was sent to a diplomatic post in USA. Thanks to that he met famous and important people , but also he found put that he didn't like politics (like before war).

He was looking for possibility to return to fight but keep getting rejection, Polish Commander-in-Chief Sikorski wanted to keep him fulfilling other roles. Finally he found a way, thanks to contacts, also with Merian Cooper he get an invitation from General Claire Lee Chennault to China. Finally he gained a permission from Polish Army and was send to make a report about air warfare in China, so he could fly again to get experience on his own. Before going there he get married.

In China he heard "You, Sir, are the smallest army which ever existed, you are the only Pole who has actively declared war on Japan." He pretty fast gained respect from Americans. Between 23 October and 15 December 1943 he flown a sorties in China, covering transports planes, attacking Japan airfield or moving troops and participated in The Battle of Changde. He was also interested not only in fighting but in China culture, he visited many places and gained Chinese friends, those memories he put in one of his books.

After that he was back to diplomatic duties.

After war situation wasn't good for him. He observed Victory parade from a crowd, because Poles didn't participated. He tried return to Poland and create YMCA organisation branch, but in a new reality after being arrested 4 time he returned to USA were he worked in aviation industry.


His wartime memories inspired him to write several books, unfortunately nobody in USA wanted to publish them, even that  one about air war China. This time those books, with some changes made by censors, were published in Poland:

Początek jutra (Beginning of tomorrow).

Świt Zwycięstwa  (Dawn of victory)

Ogień nad Chinami (Fire over China)[spoiler]




Myśliwcy (Fighters)


He actively worked within Polish community in USA, but also participated in meeting of "Flying Tigers" veterans in Hong Kong and Taiwan. After fall of communism in Poland he visited country several times, participated in ceremony of handling traditions of the pre-war fighter flights of the 1st Air Rgt and wartime No. 303 and No. 316 to he modern unit. Also in 1995 he was promoted to Brigadier General by Polish president.


He died on 25 August 1996 in New York and was buried at Doyleston. His biography by Wojciech Krajewskiwas published in 2008.


I could wrote much more thanks to many book wrote by him. personally a found book about China very interesting. Apart warfare (like comparing German and Japanese pilots) he described a China beautiful  landscapes, culture, both old and incoming changes, he met both Republic high authorities like was a witness of communist activity, also observed relation between Americans and Chinese from third perspective. I remember one moment from book, when he visited Changde after battle. In whole city he saw only two smiling people. Both have lost their minds during siege.


He was awarded with


Silver Cross of Virtuti Militari

Cross of Valour and three bars

Medal Lotniczy (Air Medal) - three times



DFC - one of first Polish pilots awarded with it (First on left)


The 1939 - 1945 Star

The Air Crew Europe Star

The Air War Medal 1939-1945

The Defence Medal



The Air Medal - for fight over China and saving unit commander Maj Elmer Richardson, here it given by Lieutenant General Claire Lee Chennault




The China War Memorial  Medal

The Star Medal with Two Stars - on 17 November 1977 by ROC Minister of Defence Kao Kuei-Yuan.


About plane.


In China he used P-40, but he hadn't personal plane.

He have flown on many Hurricanes, co I decided to choose that one, which is famous and have some paintings, so called "126 Adolf's" - that's a number on planes shot by squadron in BoB.



That plane was also flown by other Polish aces, like P/O Jan Zumbach (13), F/O Zdzisław Henneberg (8,5), and Canadian ace F/Lt John Kent (13).


Also I think, because current Polish Hurricane in game have wrong camouflage, that one could simple replace it, and so Urbanowicz or other Ace flying on it could be featured in Ace profile.


PS. his P-40





PS. Sorry for my English


Edit: some fixes.

Edited by wafu_vasco
  • Upvote 8

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wow, this is so cool... I was just wondering if there were any more plans for historical tribute skins... I have been trying to recreate them using what decals are available.


would really like to see a tribute to the Polish 303 squadron. though i do not think that they put any specific or identifying markings on thier spitfires, it would be cool to have an inscription or something to that effect. My other suggestion was gonna be Ivan Kozhedub (La-5FN skin), but i see that he is under review at the moment.


Gaijin crew are doing a great job with this game!!

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would really like to see a tribute to the Polish 303 squadron. though i do not think that they put any specific or identifying markings on thier spitfires, it would be cool to have an inscription or something to that effect.


They put a squadron emblem, later also Polish Air Force checkerboard.


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They put a squadron emblem, later also Polish Air Force checkerboard.

yeah?,, cool to hear.. i didnt see any identifying marks on the aircraft that the 303 squadron flew, at first glance. I have only recently learned of this history. I also need to thank Gaijin for peeking my interest in WWII aviation history. but , I have been using the Polish airforce embelem on some of my spitfires and a Yak. cool stuff.. I have also been trying to mock up most of my warthunder aircraft as close to historicly correct as i can get them with the decals available.. super excited about this game and where it is headed. keep up the good work guys and girls.

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Because Nelson Stepanyan gor Ace profile, I found some replacement. IL-2 pilot who flown 357 sorties during WWII and was awarded twice Hero of Soviet Union.


Ace - Musa Gareev (Russian: Муса́ Гайси́нович Гаре́ев, Bashkir: Муса Ғaйса улы Гәрәев

Nationality - Bashkir from Bashkortostan

Service - VVS RKKA

Aircraft - IL-2

Variant - IL-2 single seater AM-38

Serial Number - white 9

Time frame - Stalingrad December 1942



There is a question of nationality, because in the case of federative countries it can be name of country (Yugoslavian, UK, USSR) or nationality of states creating that federation (Serb, Scottish, Armenian for example).  I left that decision to you. 



On this picture Gareev (seems to have different transcription to English) is on left, is gunner is on right. Normally IL-2 gunner life was very very short in comparison to iL's pilot, but in this case they were flying together for 3 years.



There is  short biography in English:

Musa Gareev


[spoiler]Musa Gareev was a squadron commander of the 76th Guards Ground Attack Aviation Regiment of the 1st Guards Assault Aviation Division of the 1st Air Army of the 3rd Belorussian Front.

He was born on June 9, 1922 in Ilyakshide village, today Ilishevski region, Bashkortostan in a peasant family. Bashkir. A member of the CPSU (B) / Communist Party from April 1944. He completed two years of People’s Commissariat of Railways in 1940.

He was designed to the Red Army on December 15, 1940 by Zhdanov military commissariat of Ufa, Bashkir ASSR. In 1942 he graduated from the Military Aviation School of Engels. After graduating from flying school from September 25, 1942 - in the army.

He started fighting as a sergeant – a common pilot. In 1944, he became commander of the squadron. The war ended as a major, air navigator of the Regiment. He fought in the battles of Stalingrad, in the Donets Basin, the Crimea, Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, and East Prussia. Contribution made by M. Gareev to defeat the Nazis, is a shining example of courage, bravery and heroism, boundless love and devotion to the Motherland.

Guards Captain Gareev, by August 1944 had made 164 sorties, displaying courage and heroism, for what by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet dated February 23, 1945 he was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star medal (№ 6227).

For 207 sorties performed by March 1945, by the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet dated April 19, 1945 Major Musa Gareev was awarded the second Gold Star medal. On the same day aerial gunner of the crew - Guards Top Sergeant, Alexander Kiryanov was awarded the 1st Class Order of Glory, becoming a Full Cavalier of the award.

In total during the Great Patriotic War, M. Gareev made about 250 sorties. Participated in historic Victory Parade in Moscow on June 24, 1945.

After the war, a brave pilot commanded the attack aviation regiment. In 1951, he graduated from the Frunze Military Academy, in 1959 — the General Staff Military Academy. The Colonel (1956). Since 1964 - in reserve. Lived and worked in the capital of Bashkortostan - Ufa. He was chairman of the Bashkir Republican Committee of the Voluntary Association for Assistance to Army, Aviation and Navy (1965-1977). Elected deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the 2nd - 4th convocations (1946-1958), deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Bashkir Autonomous Republic of the 7th-9th convocations. Awarded the title of Honorary Citizen of the city of Ufa.

He died on September 17, 1987, was buried in Ufa in Victory Park.

He was awarded the Order of Lenin (1945), three Orders of the Red Banner (1943, February 1944, November 1944), the 3rd Class Order of Bogdan Khmelnitsky (1945), the Order of Alexander Nevsky (1944), two Orders of the Patriotic War of the 1st Class (1945, 1985), the Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1971), three Orders of the Red Star (1943, 1955, 1956), medals (including “For Courage” (1943) and “For Combat Merits” (1951)).

A bronze bust of twice Hero of the Soviet Union, Musa Gareev, was installed in 1948 in his native Ilyakshide village, and in 1960 was moved to the city of Ufa and installed on the Boulevard of Fame. On the wall of the house 4 in Khudaiberdin street in Ufa, where M. Gareev lived, a memorial plaque with a bas-relief of the Hero was installed. The basalt version of the sculptural portrait of Gareev, created in 1947, by the People’s Artist of the USSR, sculptor N. Tomsky, is in the Tretyakov Gallery.[/spoiler]


I found a great biography in Russian on that site.


На «Горбатом» через войну. Летчик-штурмовик Муса Гайсинович Гареев


Here I provide google translate translation, please forgive me doing this .



On the "humpback" through war. Strafer Musa Gaysinovich GAREEV


his text is laid out on the site in honor of the 69th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War and the continuation of the theme and the bombers and attack aircraft.

If we consider a particular plane times the 2nd World War as a certain "national symbol of the era," it turns out that "national plane" English - "Spitfire" Americans - "Mustang", the Germans - Bf 109, the Japanese A6M "Zero" . Well, "Russian national plane 2nd world" without a doubt - the Il-2. It is understandable - and built them the most, and most of all lost, and Heroes of the Soviet Union among annuals troopers in that war was Pobol than in other combat aircraft. Compare, fighter pilots from the Soviet Air Force during World War Two Heroes and thrice Steels 28 - Hero of the Soviet Union. Among the 10 bombers was twice Heroes, well, Active attack aircraft already 65 Double Heroes of the Soviet Union. And in almost every city or region of the former USSR is "his memorable hero" who flew in the Great Patriotic War on "Ilyukha Hunchback". There is such a hero and we in Bashkiria. This strafer, Hero of the Soviet Union Musa Gaysinovich GAREEV (Musa Ғaysa uly Gәrәev).

Musa GAREEV born July 8, 1922 in the village Ilyakshide Chekmagushevskogo (now Ilishevskogo) area Bashkir ASSR in a peasant family. In 1928 the family moved to Gareeva new place - the village of Tash-Chishma (until recently - farm "Communard"). Here Musa graduated from elementary school and seven years.

It is clear that in the 1930s, even in the most remote provinces the people were indifferent to the success of domestic aviation. Chelyuskinites feats, Chkalov and other heroes have had an effect on M. Gareeva. Anyway, when he arrived in 1937 to continue his studies in the republic's capital Ufa, his mind is already firmly sat idea - at any cost to become a pilot. GAREEV successfully enrolled in Ufa Railway Technical specialty "building technician artificial structures." Characteristically, when entering Musa hardly spoke in Russian and studied at the preparatory group, passing grades 5-7 program in Russian. In 1938 he was accepted into the Komsomol (KIM then), and in August 1939 he was on the job training, Ufa became a cadet flying club (founded in 1933). Next spring uchlet GAREEV performed his first solo flight at the U-2 and the autumn mastered this machine. At the same time (on reaching military age) M. Gareeva, in his own words:

Flywheel impending war began to unfold, and the Air Force "selected" by order: Red Army Air Force grew by leaps and bounds, pilots needed more, and "the will" candidates in the pilots have not been asked.

"Among other aeroklubovtsev selected for training in the specialty military pilot Engels military aviation school pilots (EVASHP)."



EVASHP where M. GAREEV was enrolled December 15, 1940, was the usual for this time of military educational institutions - to cut down to the year curriculum, without assigning graduates at the end of commanding his titles. The school trained pilots for high-speed SB bombers that initially upset Musa, who dreamed of a fighter. However, when we started the first flights, frustration as had happened. Another study at a flight school remembered M. Gareeva beautiful shape, decent (compared to a technical school) food and abundance of drill (this "innovation" is credited to the then People's Commissar of Defense SK Timoshenko), which dealt with until you're blue cadets squadron sergeant Lykov translated into aviation from the cavalry.

Over a year stay in EVASHP cadet GAREEV flew about 73 hours, including 32:07 - U-2, 16:45 - the P-5, 19:45 - on the SAT and CSS and 4:12 - on UT-2 (night) [1].

Another memory of EVASHP for M. Gareeva became accidentally picked up by malaria, bouts of which he then suffered through the war.

The war did not affect the rate of learning in EVASHP but immediately deteriorated living conditions instead of armored bunk beds appeared couples, instead of mattresses - mattresses, instead of plates in the dining room - aluminum bowls, instead of irregular bread - meager rations. In autumn 1941, as the situation deteriorates at the front of EVASHP steel "rake" light bombers P-5 (of which formed part of the day and night LTA). Aircraft dovooruzhalis due to "internal resources" school, and the crews were recruited from instructors. At the same time airfields schools began to land on their way to the front regiments, where they refueled and followed further (for example, in early 1942, followed by the front EVASHP female regiment Pe-2 M.Raskovoy). But for the students at the end of 1941 began strange times. The first war winter they graduated from a training course, mastered the SAT, but releasing them into combat units were in no hurry. The reason was simple - the winter 1941-42. Sat in the front parts are practically no, and no matter what other students did not know how to fly. Originally anticipated in the short term to retrain graduates dive bomber Pe-2, but due to a devastating war situation and the decline in production landslide EVASHP end of the year and have not received any "pawns." As a result, in the spring of 1942 students (practically "ready" pilots) took the usual thing for our army - sent to plant potatoes in the nearby farms. This and other agricultural work they were busy until the end of June, while there were persistent rumors that they would be sent to the infantry privates or, at best, use the arrows bombers.

The situation was resolved only at the end of June 1942 The entire issue (31 people) built and declared:

The news was tired of fieldwork cadets received with enthusiasm - IL-2 seemed to them very similar to the fighter. They did not know that Fighter Wing commander's threat to attack anyone transplant was tantamount to "Infantry" formulation:



"Ordered to send you relearn the Il-2."



July 5, 1942 cadet M. GAREEV arrived in the 10th spare Regiment, stationed near Penza, where from August 3, proceeded to relearn on IL-2. During his stay in the 10th ZAP GAREEV completed 58 sorties a total duration of 13 hours. 51 minutes. Including 10 missions in "Spark" UIl-2. Perfected takeoff, landing, circling, flying systems (couple and link), solo flights in the zone and on the ground for the bombing and shooting. After retraining in the logbook M. Gareeva appeared two entries [2]:


"I'll roll up in a penal battalion until the end of days!".



Below made another:


"The aircraft UIl 02/08/1942 2. Cockpit. Checking piloting. Flying in the area. Taxiing - good. Off - good. Kits - good. Spreads - opiichno. Turns small - excellent. Turns deep - well. Chandelle - opiichno. Spiral - good. Planning - good. Calculation - good. Landing - good. Overall rating piloting - good. Com. Star. l-ton Square. "


"Feature. Sergeant Pilot GAREEV during retraining for those with-IL-2 in 10 REC behaved responsibly. On the ground and in the air flies well. Matchast operates correctly, breakdowns and accidents had not. Total Time Aircraft UT-2 - 4:00. 12 min at-TE with IL-2 and UIl 2 - 13 hours. 51 min, 58 landings. Adjutant 3 AE 10 HALL l-t Lukin. "


September 18 newly sergeant pilot (with the release of the cadets, faute de mieux, gave dark gray tunic with blue police insignia on which sergeant "triangles" had to draw a red pencil) GAREEV left the 10th ZAP and society 27 other young pilots on the plane C -47 flew to the front. At an intermediate landing in Balashov sergeants nearly again not "wrapped" to retrain, this time on the fighters - some of the local chiefs was wrong. Only 15 months after the outbreak of war Sergeant M. GAREEV was in the army, arriving directly to Stalingrad.




However, sorties began not soon. On the banks of the Volga was a grand "Clash of the Titans" and the intensity of fighting in the air yielded little ground. Imparted troops Stalingrad Front 8th Air Army Lieutenant General TT Khryukin carrying wild losses. Especially getting assault units who flew almost without cover. Since none of the commanders had no illusions about the combat capabilities of recruitment (there was extensive sad experience), "green" sergeants were in no hurry to enter into battle. Neobstrelyannyh and "horseless" Nilotic long "shuffled" from part to part. At the same time they are allowed only training flights (to adapt to the new environment) and distillation techniques of repair. From 1 to 17 October sergeant GAREEV performed 12 training missions (duration 25:50), including 5 flights a couple and link in a circle, 5 - to drop bombs on the range of 1 - to patrol and 1 - "for exploring the field." In addition, from October 31 to November 28, M. GAREEV distilled from Parma (route Chapaevka - Razboyschina - Colchian. "Bolshevik" - Demidov and Art. Nameless - Demidov) 2 IL-2, and another 2 or 3 gunship was overfly them after repair.

"New Life" for Sergeant Gareeva began only in December. Earlier numbers in 944-m ShAP (this shabby in combat regiment by this time sent to the rear for reorganization) pilot among others like him "inexperienced" pilots transferred to the 505th ShAP 226th ShAD (division commander COL M. I. Gorlachenko), where he flew up in March 1943 after completion and conversion 226th ShAD the 1st Guards. ShAD M. Gareeva enrolled in the 76th Guards. ShAP. In it he was destined to win provoevat.

Three regiments of the 226th ShAD (225th, 504th and 505th ShAP) based on the airfield near the village carpenter's (right takes the Volga, 20 km from Stalingrad). In the 505th ShAP in early December was only 10-12 serviceable IL-2, so the regiment commander Mr. Semenov BC in no hurry to let "young" in the battle. By this time the 6th Army Paulus and got it "for the company" Romanians already firmly sat in the "pot".

"Smell of gunpowder" young pilots happened nearly two weeks. By the time the situation in the air has become easier: the Germans threw all their forces fighters to cover "air bridge" in Stalingrad, and the Soviet command, in turn, move additional forces to counter the "bridge." Besides 505th ShAP got some replenishment matchas-ti (from Parma and care for reorganization regiments).

Starting from December 11, Sergeant GAREEV performed combat missions as part of managers. Moreover, in the memoirs of his war work during the Battle of Stalingrad, he estimates is low - the main thing was


"Hold on to the tail drive and issue ammunition as possible, close to the place, which had previously attacked the lead."



However, this was the first real combat experience (truly - a priceless thing in war!), Which brought M. Gareeva first awards (medals "For Courage" and "For the defense of Stalingrad") and the first officer rank - Lieutenant.




11 and December 13, 1942 GAREEV performed three of their first sortie


"... The assault, and bombs, the front edge of the enemy at Stalingrad."


December 25 505th ShAP flew over the airfield Upper Ahtuba where the regiment continued to work on the encircled German-Romanian group. Until the end, M. GAREEV completed three sorties, including Number 26 in the group bombed tanks Manstein:


"Assault. and bombs. m / fur. parts near Biryukovskaya "


a number of 28 and 29 - in a group of four flights




"To bomb and strafe the airfield n Single Kennel" (Paulus landed there supplied the Ju-52).


December 30 was made another fly "to bomb and strafe beams Sandy." Total sergeant GAREEV flew in the skies of Stalingrad 10:00. 45 min., And replenished his logbook entry:


"Results 1942 Has combat missions in IL-2 - 9 (nine sorties). Adju-out. 2 Squadron. 505 ShAP Art. l-t Kapustin. "


January 31, 1943 505th ShAP Kotelnikovo flew to the airfield, and on February 2 remaining German divisions in Stalingrad surrendered. Battle on the Volga over.




Soon Kotelnikovo gathered shelves 226th ShAD. Although the command has reported for the period of the Battle of Stalingrad in 1458 sorties in which 211 aircraft were destroyed (198 on the ground), 633 tanks, 2,569 vehicles and more than 6,000 enemy soldiers, its losses were considerable. Repairmen 226th Division during the Battle of Stalingrad in evacuated from the front edge 62 damaged IL-2 (29 of them recovered) and to replenish parts division of Kuibyshev (plant number 18) pilots surpassed 80 new Il-2 [3].

By the end of the battle on the Volga order of People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR from 18.03.1943, the 226-th ShAD was renamed the 1st Guards ShAD. Shelves steel division, respectively, the 74th Guards. ShAP (504th ShAP), 75th Guards. ShAP (505th ShAP) and the 76th Guards. ShAP (225th ShAP). Guards regimental colors were awarded April 24 at the airfield Kotelnikovo. Command of the 1st Guards. ShAD took Colonel BK Tokarev. In addition, the division included the fourth regiment - 655 th ShAP.


The shelves were replenished. According to the memoirs of M. Gareeva, the standard number of 76 th Guards. ShAP and other regiments of the division throughout the war was 25-30 cars. The regiment had three squadrons of 6-8 aircraft, link management - 3 aircraft, 1-2 doubles UIl-2 and 1-2 connected U-2. However, M. GAREEV recalled that the number of serviceable aircraft carrier (which could lift into the air at the same time) rarely exceed 15-20 cars.

In March 1943, 76 pilots Guards. ShAP the transport of Li-2 departed in Kuibyshev aircraft factory at number 18, where M. GAREEV, among other pilots on 6 March 28 but surpassed route Kuibyshev - Engels - Solodovka - Kotelnikovo ("clean" flight time - 6:00. 50 min .) new double IL-2. Single same IL-2 remained in the 76th Guards. ShAP until late autumn 1943, and they had to play the role of one night fighters. [4]

The new plane provided having a second crew member - arrow. Them to become sergeant M. Gareeva AI Kir'yanov, who became his "guardian angel" until the end of the war. Stormtroopers for this exceptional case: according to official statistics on the one killed the pilot had 7 shooters. Data that led M. GAREEV not vary greatly with this figure - in the 76th Guards. ShAP almost all pilots arrows changed several times during the war. No protected (especially sides and bottom) arrows suffered losses not only on the fighters that the first thing tried to kill the shooter, but also by anti-aircraft fire. Therefore, in the 76th Guards. ShAP many of them tried to improve their protection by all sorts of "improvisation" - tried to fly in steel helmets, put on the cabin floor homemade armor plates. However, this did not help, especially after the FW-190.


Until May 1943 M. GAREEV performed training flights, mastering two-seater car and simultaneously performed combat missions as part of the 3rd AE 76th Guards. ShAP. To this) time he was promoted to lieutenant.

Until mid-June Gareeva crew performed more than 10 sorties, mainly against enemy troop trains in his immediate rear. For example, on May 11 logbook recorded

June 11 - another raid on the same station (1 hour 10 min.) In the group. Combat sorties were interspersed with new distillation equipment from Kuibyshev. From July 8 to 10 M. GAREEV surpassed in the 76th Guards. ShAP route Kuibyshev - Razboyschina - Engels - Leninsk - Zimovniki ("clean" flight time - 4 hours 30 min.) Another new IL-2. Conducted during this period and training flights.

"Flight of attack for the bombing and military trains at the station. Assumption, followed by photographing "(Flight duration 55 minutes).


This work combat regiments 1st Guards. ShAD began July 17, 1943, when troops of the Southern Front launched an offensive to break the enemy's defensive line on the river Mius (so-called "Mius-Front"). The commander of the 8th VA TT Khriukin put 1st Guards. ShAD problem: all four shelves (including the 655 th ShAP, who had no experience of fighting in the IL-2) to engage in intense fighting in the interest of ground troops to assist in breaking through the German defense. On the first day of the offensive "Elah" division performed 193 departure along the front edge of the enemy. 76th Guards. ShAP during the fighting in "Mius-front" based at airfields Zimovniki and later Dolzhanskaya.


For young drivers, according to the memoirs of M. Gareeva fighting on Mius were a serious test. First, no one had any experience in combat use double 'mud': on the whole division was literally a few pilots who managed to war on such machines in the winter 1942/43 period. Second, pilots (even those who fought at Stalingrad) had no experience of air combat, and the Germans to "Mius-front" against the regiments involved 1st Guards. ShAD fairly large number of Bf 109G. At the same fighter cover ("Elah" 1st Guards. ShAD covered mostly "Yaki" 6th Guards. IBP) was usually insufficient (if any exist). M. GAREEV recalled that routine was when a group of 8-12 IL-2 covered a pair of "Jacob." At the same time the Soviet fighters because of the small supply of fuel often "led" stormtroopers only one way - to the German front edge. Moreover, for any attack tucked aerial target fighters could even leave the covers. "Messer" tried to attack a "humpback" on departure, when the stormtroopers have spent most of the ammunition and fire were scruffy MSA (automatic caliber 20-37 mm antiaircraft guns, which in Soviet literature for some reason dubbed "Oerlikon", the Germans, the memories MG Gareeva, was always full - and stationary, and various "ZSU" on lorries, tractors halftrack, armored personnel carriers, and losses from the MSA in 'mud', working at low and extremely low altitudes, were much higher than from fighters). Usually 1-2 pairs Bf 109G went "scissors", trying to attack "Elah" behind-the bottom (where the shooter could not do anything), destroying, primarily, stragglers from the system or damage the machine. The "Messers" rarely spent more than two attacks: Senior couple trying to hit the "IL" on one side or kill the shooter. In the latter case, an unarmed car finishing off slave. To protect against such attacks, and A. M. GAREEV Kir'yanov invented and worked downright acrobatic reception: signal arrow pilot introduced the car in a deep roll and stopped by the bottom fighter suddenly find themselves caught up in shooting zone adjustable collars. Once this way they were able to "cut" stopped by the drain "Messer".

Loss, according to M. Gareeva were heavy, especially many died neobstrelyannyh crews from the number of arrivals in the spring of 1943 in a bitter fight with the "Messers" where we had to rely only on themselves (at the fire front guns, hand and maneuvering at low altitudes ), came to the pilots simple truth:

It was the summer of 1943 stormtroopers 76th tv. ShAP began to produce some typical tactics.

"The rescue of drowning - the handiwork of drowning."


For example, like fighters, began to move to fly in pairs, and when attacking the enemy apply maneuver "scissors" - alternately go to the tail of each other to fighter attacking a master or slave, he found himself under attack. Over the target, the appearance of enemy fighters, first began to apply defensive reception "circle": stormtroopers organized group "Carousel" and constantly covering each other's tail, alternately digging goal. When this hit one of the "circle" fighter caught in the crossfire of the front and rear firing points at least two 'mud. " In the same manner and organized retreat. According to the memoirs of M. T Gareeva, with good sletannosti crews in the group it was a very effective way to protect against attacks fighters if the approaching "Messers" see what they can expect an active and consistent resistance stormtroopers, they are usually held on the sidelines of the "circle" even working on a target. They could even lead to withdraw all their fighters, if finish the job "Elah", keeping the "circle", departed home. For testing these complex defensive techniques in the regiment began to carry out aerial combat training, including group.

Steel stand and a pair of links 'mud' to lock positions MSA. At the same time, except for the cannon and machine-gun fire, bombs and RSov (according to M. Gareeva, due to careless handling and storage of ground staff "eresy" yavyalyalis quite inaccurate weapons and sometimes flew anywhere, but the psychological impact of their start was good) , used vials AF-2 with hypergolic mixture of COP on the basis of white phosphorus. Grad such vials was laying position MSA and pockets of flame and thick, acrid smoke forced gunners hide


"At the corners, the cracks" [5].


Was first used and new anti-tank weapons - cumulative PTAB,



"Ideal (according to M. Gareeva) remedy against armored vehicles."



Although, judging by his logbook, the tanks were hitting for stormtroopers 76th Guards. ShAP not so frequent. More often had to "work" on the leading edge of the convoy, w / d stations and airfields Germans. Besides truly competently stormtroopers began their regiment to fight in the summer and autumn of 1944, and before that the necessary combat experience had to pay the highest price - the lives of crews.



It was in the battle over the summer of 1943 Miusov M. GAREEV won his two officially confirmed aerial victories [6], and the only time during the war was shot down and lost plane. At these moments, it makes sense to dwell.


first aerial victory was won Gareeva M. July 30, 1943 in the departure area in Removskih Mines. After hitting the airstrip German group 'mud' is gone, and the crew stayed for Gareeva Photocontrol results: its IL-2 was one of the few in the regiment equipped camera AFA planned in cabin hand. I must say that flying on photographing stormtroopers did not like. First, the experience was not, and images were obtained

     "Not so hot."

Secondly, under the planned aerial (only after a series of tragic losses in summer 1943 in the regiments 1st Guards. ShAD guessed put AFA for advanced shooting in a gondola chassis IL-2) "photographer" was alone and at least a couple of times to fly over the object without changing the height, speed and course, ie downright "set up" gunners. In addition, it was necessary to gain a decent height, which in the case of a meeting with the "Messers" dramatically reduces the chance to break away from them "at low level." Ironically, that's what happened. Filmed the results impact your novels GAREEV attack home and already when approaching the front line was attacked by a single Bf 109G. Height was great, and besides Musa was sure that he had ended the ammunition for the front cannon and machine guns (the shooter bullets remained) and he decided to go with a decrease at the German "head on." The German, who had the advantage of speed and maneuver behaved strangely - accepting a challenge, too, got into a frontal. However, nerves Gareeva been stronger, "Messer" still turned away sharply and M. GAREEV instinctively pressing the trigger, was surprised to see their shells hit in a German fighter (as can be seen, a few shots still left). Bf 109G «failed» down. His fall M. GAREEV not seen - was running out of fuel. In addition, although all occurred near the front line, the German fell on "their" territory, and to offset air victories required multiple independent confirmations. Therefore, returning, M. GAREEV not even reported on the fight. However, this story had a sequel. Infantry, with the location and time reported "up" that watched as

     "Single" humpbacked "flunked" Messer "near the front line."

Command of the 8th VA, of course, a question:

     "Whose plane?".

As a result, the "method of computing" came to the conclusion that the battle waged Gareeva crew. At the headquarters of the regiment he excoriated on the topic: "Why are not reported?". Nevertheless, the victory in the logbook recorded:

     "30/07/1943 he continued. 1 hour 30 min. Sortie near Removskih Mines (ME-109)" [7].


On August 1, with a crew Gareeva happened, in general, the usual trouble in the war - they are shot down. Subsequently planes M. Gareeva repeatedly incited and burned, but it does not entail the loss of materiel - lined always managed to bring the car home and successfully land. Only this time they were not lucky. In the logbook recorded the following: "8/1/1943, he continued. On hour 45 min. Sortie in the district guarantees (not returned from a mission)." "IL" Gareeva was the victim of anti-aircraft guns and fighters . IL-2 group of 76th Guards. ShAP went to attack German positions near the river Garay (8-12 km from the river. Mius). After impact, but the goals crew M. Gareeva again paused to photograph the results and came under attack by anti-aircraft guns. When photographing a planned way had to fly "on a thread," and on the second pass the German gunners targeting. Howled broken oil cooler, resulting oil caught fire and the plane formed greasy smoke plume. Fortunately, the engine is still pulling and shooting ended. M. GAREEV directed the plane home. But here on the damaged "IL" fell upon a pair of "Messers." Kir'yanov shot back fiercely and GAREEV intensive maneuvering, managed to cling to the ground to avoid the deadly attacks from below. Nevertheless, "Messers" managed to inflict "Ilu" new and serious damage. One of the shells, breaking armor smashed dashboard (M. Gareeva strongly concussion), silent shooter (Kir'yanov got a splinter in his back, and turned the wire intercom interrupted). Started staying engine. Germans, believing that heavily fumed with sluggish rotating screw "IL" about to fall, stop the persecution. However, M. Gareeva succeeded in winning over the Mius (river front line) and put the car on the "belly". Jumping out of the cab. GAREEV helped get out the arrow wounded and threw into the fire all the "extra" documents, like flight cards (there was a strong belief that their sat). Together they took the plane most valuable - a camera with the exposed film. Germans began shelling the landing area "Ila" mortars than initially incurred the pilots "displeasure" has here our infantrymen. However, infantry, appreciated being the work of "hunchback" assisted arrow and shown in relation to the downed pilots traditional Russian hospitality (a meager snack), and then the soldiers took them to the nearest road. Stopping using profanity and personal TT (otherwise the driver does not slow) passing lorry, M. GAREEV with the shooter went to the "place of permanent deployment." Already dark, dragging himself on parachutes and camera, arrived in the regiment, but said Gareeva,

     "Drunk black soot as negros, but terribly happy."

In the crowd of happy fellow soldiers met them and Art. Sergeant Migunova [8]. Command of the regiment, seeing the "resurrected" pilots only waved his hand - it was already reported that their plane "caught fire and fell," and they almost "funerals" already prepared to prescribe.

This case has spurred in the 76th Guards. ShAP work to create a makeshift installation for aerial perspective, to develop and test which M. GAREEV directly participated. Young to GAREEV M. and A. Kir'yanov surprisingly lightly treated their wounds and contusions, and a day later (August 3)

     "Sortie performed in p-Dmitrievka it. cont. 0 hrs 40 min. "

Then began the work of intensive combat, 2-3 flights a day: August 8 - 2 at the station of departure. Debalcevo, 9th - Flight 3

     "In the district due to Gustafeld and testing of the camera."

The second aerial victory M. Gareeva held in mid-August 1943 and it has been associated with a truly detective story. In late summer, the regiments 1st Guards. ShAD came "leveling" through SMERSH counterintelligence - the Germans on their site began using captured Yak-1. Said that one of the inexperienced fighter pilots lost and sat on a working machine from the Germans. Cited "special signs" - the "Yak renegade" was a red spinner and a filled board room. The German, who flew on the trophy, is paired with Bf 109G. They played out the next scene: coming to a group of stormtroopers or Yak-1 bombers went forward, "Messer" allegedly began to pursue him. Fighter cover immediately rushed to rescue "comrade" and provided by the related fight with another one or two pairs of Bf 109G, which are insured by "renegade" with a partner. The "Yak-shifter" time to time, another attack gunships or bombers (which, of course, for him not to shoot). Allegedly (unknown how true this information), the German flying in "Jake" managed to knock a few IL-2 and Pe-2. Received a warning about the "renegade" and the 76th Guards. Shap, but the fight with this "Yak" appeared extremely prosaic. August 17 ground attack at the front edge of the Germans (presumably near Elizabethan) group of 8-9 IL-2 76th Guards. ShAP disguised under several Yak-1 of the 73rd Guards. IAP, was attacked on waste 2-3 pairs of German fighters. M. GAREEV had no time to figure out when popped up from below the plane opened fire on "Ilu" leading group Art. l-ta A. Budanov. GAREEV purely automatically had to tighten the car on the enemy plane and hit his gun burst. Enemy fighter broke out and went to the ground. Everything happened so quickly that consider silhouette knocked machine M. GAREEV did not, but decided that it was "thin." Imagine his surprise when, after landing the remaining crew and fighter cover was reported that

     "GAREEV knocked Yak-1."

Brewed porridge (still have - knocked her!), The more that no ground attack, nor fighters suffered no losses, and the pilot of the Yak-1 73rd Guards. IAP G. Mel'nitskii in the same battle, shot down Bf 109G. Smell the tribunal, but the command of the 8th VA very quickly (almost the next day) confirmed that M. GAREEV really knocked the same "foreign Yak." On what basis did such conclusions - is not clear. May have found the pilot's body, or even any evidence, because the battle took place over our territory. Whatever it was, in the logbook Gareeva M. says:

     "17/08/1943 he continued. 0 hrs 40 min. Dogfight with the Yak-1. "

Lacking this episode any data on the opposite side, it is difficult to add anything about it. However, in the literature (including western) are references to the use of the Germans in the spring and summer of 1943 in the southern sector of the Eastern Front single copies captured LaGG-3 and Yak-1 with the identification marks of Air Force.

In late summer and autumn of 1943, the stormtroopers of the 76th Guards. ShAP worked with maximum intensity. For example, 9, 22 and 27 August crew GAREEV - Kir'yanov served three sorties a day, and on August 23 - four flights - for M. Gareeva it was a record figure for the entire war. [9]

September 22, 1943 the troops of the Southern Front, completing the liberation of Donbass, went to the river Dairy. The offensive continued, and by October 23, the 4th Ukrainian Front (renamed since October 20 Southern Front) released Melitopol. The Germans retreated to the Crimea.

76th Guards. ShAP in the 1 st Guards. ShAD in October-November 1943 was in support of the troops on the Isthmus and Perekopskyi near Nikopol bridgehead on the Dnieper. In this weather, as we approach the cold weather deteriorated and turned into a solid airfields dirt. This drastically reduced the activity of the Air Division. If in September, her "Elah" made 891 sorties, and in December - only 472. Judging by M. Gareeva logbook (by this time he was Art. L-that commander, was awarded two Orders of the Red Banner) , from 1 to 28 October 1943 his crew performed 22 missions (not all of them fighting often associated with the relocation and training flights), and from 5 to 29 November - 13 missions (all combat). During December the same crew M. Gareeva not fulfilled none at departure. Fighting resumed work only January 10, 1944, when the mud at the airport finally podmerzli.


Activity 1st Guards. ShAD dropped during this period, not only because of bad weather conditions, but also due to the large losses. Shelves needed replenishment. By January-February-1944 ralyu them focused on airfields Another black, Ivanovka Novonatalevsk etc. near Melitopol.

In January-February 1944 GAREEV carried out 24 missions (including 22 combat). Of these the most memorable fly

     "01.31.1944. cont. 1 h 40 min. Sortie borough airfield pr-ca from the village. im. Voroshilov. "

Six IL-2 76th Guards. ShAP otshturmovalas aerodrome at which (to our knowledge) were up 60 bombers Ju 88 and not 111. On the ground, there were several fires. Was hit by one IL-2, whose crew (V. protchaya with the shooter) has been taken from the German territory by another crew (G. Nadtochieva) in cabin hand. G. Nadtochey was honored for this feat the title of Hero, but to get a Gold Star did not - was killed in the Crimea.

February 22 76th regiment flew from the airfield Uspenovka Krestovskiy for replenishment and resupply materiel. In March, M. GAREEV completed only 2 training flight.

During the fighting in the Donets Basin and the Dnieper 1st Guards. ShAD reported for 738 tanks destroyed [10], 166 aircraft, 28 assault guns, 23 armored personnel carriers, eight mortars, 136 anti-aircraft batteries and field 230, 2100 cars and 3650 soldiers and officers.

April 8, 1944 began the offensive of the 4th Ukrainian Front in the Crimea. 76th Guards. ShAP in the 1 st Guards. ShAD (three regiments of the division at the beginning of the Crimean operation was 68-defective IL-2 and 86 crews, the 74th Regiment fought in the Crimea, engaging distillation equipment from the factory to the front) was involved in the fighting on the first day of the offensive. April 7 M. GAREEV in the group 'mud' (up to 30 cars), accompanied by 30 fighters participated in the strike on the airfield fun. According to our data, at the airport was put out of action 12 Ju 87. Their losses - 2 IL-2, downed MSA.

In action in the Crimea was stormtroopers specificity. Crews 1st Guards. ShAD tuned to combat armored Germans, but tanks and self-propelled guns of the enemy was "not a lot." But had to strike against naval targets - transport vessels, high-speed landing barges and boats, which until recently had been evacuated from the Crimea German-Romanian forces. It immediately appeared "weak spots" in the preparation of stormtroopers, who did not know how to navigate and fly over the sea, had no experience attacks of surface targets and have not received even the most basic standard means of salvation (life jackets, etc.). As a result, although sea targets and were considered a priority, progress in this field stormtroopers were more than modest. By the end of the battle for the Crimea command the 1st Guards. ShAD said only one sinking boat and four BDB opponent. The German defense was at its height, and the loss of stormtroopers were quite significant [11]. In conjunction with our anti-aircraft guns fire aviation intensely opposed German fighters based at the airfield Hersonissos. Command of the 1st Guards. ShAD notes that although gunships attacked constantly runway Chersonesos bring airfield out of action failed. Brunt of the impact was on the runway at fault plane (they are there accumulated a few dozen), which the Germans could no longer any repair or evacuated by sea. At the same time the German fighters used a well disguised spare runway and not detected by our aviation. Last 13 German fighters flew from the Crimea only 9 May 1944 (4 days before the end of the fighting), when the airfield was in the zone Hersonissos impact of our field artillery and mortars.


April 14 76th Guards. ShAP flew over the airfield Fun (recent goal of his 'mud'), where the aircraft began attacking the area of Sevastopol. Crew M. Gareeva from April 15 to May 10, completed 24 sorties, on average - 2 flights a day. Sevastopol district goals were: the ships in the bay, strengthening Sapun mountain airfield at Cape Chersonese and Mekenzievy mountains. Fighter cover, but according to M. Gareeva, everything was also unsatisfactory. After the end of fighting in the Crimea) he, among other pilots of the 76th Guards. Shap, "taking on the chest" for courage, went to a neighbor-fighters "beat face for such a cover." However, the results of this "showdown" history is silent.

By the end of the fighting in the Crimea M. GAREEV was promoted to captain, was awarded the Order of the Red Star and Alexander Nevsky. In addition, command the 1st Guards. ShAD formalized it first (at the end of fighting in the Donbas and Crimea) representation for the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. It took a long time and the chain of command "has sunk into the void." In the Crimean operation M. GAREEV distinguished himself as an experienced pilot, and, thanks to his tactical abilities and officers in the Belorussian operation, he took command of the 2nd AE 76th Guards. ShAP.

By the end of the fighting in the Crimea 1st Guards. ShAD completed 462 sorties, account for 12 aircraft destroyed on the ground and 132 enemy vehicles. At the end of May 1944 the division shelves replenished supplies and personnel. At the completion of this young, for lack of time, "coached" in the right shelves. M. GAREEV adopted in this most directly involved - it was his first experience of instructors. After refilling the 1st Guards. ShAD transferred from the 8th to the VA VA 1st 3rd Belorussian Front (commander Lt. Gen. MM Gromov, later it was replaced by TT Khriukin), where the division, together with the 3rd Air Corps assault (commander Maj. Gen. MM Gorlachenko. composed - 307th and 308th ShAD) 1st BA had to participate in "Operation Bagration."

By June 8, 1944 shelves 1st Guards. ShAD focused on airfields Mosalsk TMA (Mamonowo and Vassilyevskoe). 76th Guards. ShAP after serving from Crimea May 22 route Sarabuz - Zaporozhye - Kharkiv - Eagle - Mamonowo, arrived on June 12 (the "pure" time of flight - about 7 hours).

During the 20 June attack shelves 1st Guards. ShAD support of the 11th Guards. Army (Lieutenant General KN Galitsky) 3rd Belorussian Front, advancing on orshinskom direction. Until June 27 (the day taking Orsha) M. GAREEV fulfilled only 5 sorties "on the front edge of the enemy": regiment, trying to keep up with the advancing tankers, all the time flew from place to place - from Mamonowo in Khlamova, then the airfield and Red, finally, in Smolyan. With this airport Regiment supported by troops advancing on Minsk direction. From July 1 to August 23, 1944 M. GAREEV completed 17 sorties. In July his crew in a group of pilots of the 76th Regiment attracted to "train operation." Intact it was not to allow the Germans to destroy the railroad tracks (they applied for this special "puterazrushiteli") and bring to the west locomotives and wagons. Two "puterazrushitelya" storming managed to destroy the station on July 1 Talachyn. In general, as a result of 'mud' 76th Guards. ShAP managed to save 150 kilometer stretch of railway Orsha - Borisov. Gareeva, among other members of the operation, was presented the award for the pilot exotic - the badge "Honorary railroad." The air situation in Belarus, according to the memoirs of M. Gareeva was not as difficult as, say, in the Crimea. Germans begin retreating fighters they had little, besides the most dangerous for the IL-2 190 Fvv used primarily as a ground attack aircraft. Therefore, the main enemy of the 'mud' was MSA. It was in Belorussia 2nd AE M. Gareeva began to fly combat missions, consciously doing without fighter cover: the most experienced pilots, led by the commander thought possible

     "If that fend off enemy fighters themselves."

According to the results of more than six months of fighting (Crimea, Belarus, Lithuania) 2nd AE 76th Guards. ShAP M. Gareeva in late 1944 reported on 755 sorties, destroyed 15 tanks and self-propelled guns, armored personnel carriers 7, 62 vehicles, 14 guns, three planes (on the ground) and 10 warehouses with ammunition. [12] Their losses - 2 IL-2 crews, more cars were destroyed. Command as the 1st Guards. ShAD only in August 1944 has reported about 1,126 sorties, which was destroyed 102 tanks (ton fifth of armored Army Group "Center"!), SAU 18 and BTR, 4 aircraft, 325 vehicles, 1,300 soldiers and officers enemy.

By the end of fighting in Belarus and Lithuania GAREEV M. Cox was appointed the 76th Guards. ShAP, combining this position with the position of squadron leader. In September 1944 he was again promoted to the rank of the Hero of the Soviet Union.

Since that time, all four regiments of the 1st Guards. ShAD began to act against the German forces in East Prussia. On September 1, 1944 to February 25, 1945 Gareeva crew performed 40 sorties by districts Konigsberg, Pilau and Danzig (marked in the logbook combat missions in areas of settlements Kuss, Mulingen, Istenburg, Divenhagen, Brohersdorf, Friedrichsdorf Kroytsburg, Brownsburg, Cynthia). Besides combat work GAREEV M. (as one of the most experienced pilots of the regiment) during this period, export training flights performed with the young pilots. Total flying time for the period from 01/09/1944 to 25/02/1945 was approximately 53 hours.

Fighting in East Prussia differed rare ferocity. The Germans, who have nowhere to retreat, fought desperately, using a powerful system of permanent fortifications and a strong defense. Heavy fighting took place on the ground and in the air. Germans in East Prussia had enough armored vehicles, against which the stormtroopers 1st Guards. ShAD actively used PTAB. For example, 14 January 12 IL-2 76th Regiment attacked the accumulation of technology in the district and torched Tutshen 5 tanks and assault guns. In East Prussia M. Gareeva and most experienced pilots of other divisions could participate in a completely unusual for attack aircraft operations - night attacks on the Germans had broken through the armor.

In the air, the Germans, according to the memoirs of M. Gareeva was used quite a lot of "Focke-Wulf", among which were the new Fw 190 D-9. It fights with the "Fokker" storming considerable cost of blood in this final battle of the war - in January 1945, the 76th Guards. ShAP lost in battles with them 3 or 4 crew. Faced with the "Fokker" and M. GAREEV. 18 (or 19, or 20) February 8 IL-2, led Gareyev, were attacked in the district of Cynthia 4-6 Fw-190 of which were 1-2 "long-nosed» D-9. Fighter cover was not, so the battle went hard. The Germans immediately piled on IL-2 and Gareeva first attack considerably izmochalili plane. Then attacked several times, exacerbating damage delicate oil cooler, why the car caught fire. GAREEV was forced to hand over the command to his deputy - Art. l-tu B. Protcheva. But all ended well: Engine "Eli" continued to pull, and the remaining aircraft group, concluding padded defensive attack in the "circle", did not give the Germans a commanding finish machine. "IL" managed to land, and he was subsequently repaired.

Another serious battle pilots of the 76th Guards. ShAP survived January 16 when 8-12 'mud. "covers "yaks" attacked (to our knowledge) to 30 Fw 190 and Bf 109G / K. Fighter cover shot down two Germans, and "Elah", despite the injury, completed the task, destroying three German self-propelled guns. Not asleep and German gunners - February 15 MSA fire was knocked down IL-2 76th Guards. ShAP (crew - Lt. M. Koshelyuk and female shooter Julia Grebenuk - died). The same day, two more were destroyed, "Eli."

February 25 MG GAREEV fulfilled another sortie

     "To attack enemy troops in the area Meldsena"

who suddenly found his last official combat mission in this war. Upon landing, he learned that the headquarters of the regiment came just two of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR M. Gareeva conferring the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. During the period of the Great Patriotic War (on logbook - from 08.03.1942 to 02.25.1945, the) M. GAREEV flown 341 hours 16 min., Completing 357 sorties. Of them to attack and bombing - 191; exploration and photographing - 7; flights, distillation equipment and overflight, and export training flights - 166. Generally 1st Guards. ShAD was a kind of "source" Heroes. On 9 May 1945 the division was 7 Double Heroes of the Soviet Union - L. Bede A. Brandys, I. Vorobyov, M. GAREEV A. Nedbaylo, N. Semeyko, M. Stepanishev and 70 Heroes of the Soviet Union. Their Gold Stars (again both) M. GAREEV received only two and a half months - May 1, 1945 they presented to him in a solemn ceremony at the airport personally Rustenburg commander of the 1st BA TT Khriukin. However, after February 25, 1945 the commander of the 76th Guards. ShAP p / n to DK Bochco banned Gareeva fly as "regimental Attraction." motivation:

     "There was not enough at the very end of the war only to lose in the regiment twice Hero!".

GAREEV, which, after awarding the title twice awarded the title Hero of the major [13], continued to serve as the navigator of the regiment and, as in the famous film, "perpetual duty" aerodrome Sheppenbayl where based 76th Guards. ShAP. Since work on the ground was a little Hero (especially after the April 25, 1945, when the fighting ended in East Prussia), he came up with the most stupid things - had to go for food, cigarette smoke, e-mail, etc. Slightly ozverev of this life, M. GAREEV 5th or 6th of May (exact date he does not mention in his memoirs) volunteered to fly in tandem with the deputy. Chief of Staff of the 76th Guards. ShAP by Mr. I. Shevchuk exploration German positions near Danzig Pilau. While M. GAREEV already transferred their IL-2 another crew flew without permission on the new "Silt" regimental commander. The flight went without incident, although both "Ila" pretty ruffled flak with spit-Frisch Nerung (there still remained blockaded group of Germans). As a result, the "zero" plane regimental commander had to put in for repair. Followed by a grand separation and strict orders to the regimental commander:

     "Get in the month-long vacation!".

Documents quickly discharged, and May 7, M. GAREEV with arrow A. Kiryanov flew on C-47 transport to Moscow, where they arrived the next day. And on May 9, both were front-line soldier in the heart of popular rejoicing on the occasion of Germany's surrender. In Ufa M. GAREEV could fly only after the celebrations. He hoped to come home "surprise", but failed: Ufa met him "a representative delegation", which included the Chief Ufa Aeroclub Volohova, First Secretary of the Bashkir regional party committee Ignatieff and other local authorities. As a result, home hero spent a few hours, but almost all holiday performed at various rallies and meetings (for those times - the usual case).

In early June 1945, M. GAREEV returned to Moscow, where he met fellow soldiers - Heroes of the Soviet Union V. Proto Chewa, Zarovnyaeva A., B. and V. Vorobiev Zavoryzgina. From them he learned that appointed, among others, as part of the composite battalion of the 3rd Belorussian Front to participate in the Victory Parade. Candidates selected for the parade on two criteria:

     "How can more awards»


     "The growth of not less than 170 cm."

Began training on a forgotten war for drill training, and June 24, 1945 M. GAREEV column in the summary of the historical parade marched in front of Lenin's mausoleum.


Returning to his regiment at the end of June 1945 (the 76th Guards. ShAP preparing for trip to Belarus), M. GAREEV was again sent to Moscow. In the next over Tushino air parade of other aircraft was scheduled to attend three IL-10, piloted twice Hero of the Soviet Union Leonid Beda, A. and M. Nedbaylo Gareyev. During July and August M. GAREEV participated in rehearsals, well mastered new to IL-10. However, the parade, scheduled for August 18, 1945, due to bad weather conditions repeatedly transferred and eventually canceled altogether. IL-10 was transferred to combat units, and the heroes returned to their shelves.

By this time, the 76th Guards. ShAP based in Belorussian IN airfield Lida (other regiments 1st Guards. ShAD were Baranavichi and New Court). The regiment received the first IL-10, so that the experience Gareeva obtained in preparation for the parade, helpful way. Here are the last two entries in the "military" logbook M. Gareeva:

     "13/10/1945 UIl of 2-cabin instructor. Test flights in a circle.

     Rise - excellent. Spreads - excellent. Calculation and setting - expertly. Landing - excellent, mat / part operates correctly, caution is good. Piloting technique from the 2nd cabin worked perfectly. Authorize the export control and the flight of the regiment in all categories. Com. 76th Guards. ShAP Guards. Colonel Bochco. "

     "11/19/1945, with the t-UIl-2. Checking equipment from the rear (instructor's cabin). Rise - excellent. Set H - excellent. Turns 30 ° - perfect left, right well, big V to 250 km / h Turns 60 ° - right turn input and output scoring burying. V = 300 km / h Left - right. Spiral - good. Need to make two flight zone in the front and rear cockpits for mining piloting. 11/19/1945, the Com-p 76th Guards. ShAP Guards. cop. Bochco. "

But the fly in the IL-10 Gareeva no chance. In January 1946, the Air Force began the planned reduction. Regiments and divisions assault and fighter aircraft, disbanded. Everyone may have demobilized, and to reward merit and not paying attention. In Baranovichi arrived medical commission, which began systematically examine personnel 1st Guards. ShAD. First of aviation friends blamed Musa - W. and A. Protcheva Zarovnyaeva. Then called on the commission and most Gareeva. Surveyed his doctors stated categorically: fly any fighter or bomber in, any major attack aircraft GAREEV for health reasons (in accordance with the more peaceful time requirements) can not. The maximum that he could count - or light-engine military transport aircraft. Unlikely physicians were biased - in "assets" in M. Gareeva was transferred malaria, some bad and hastily healed the regimental infirmary wounds and contusions, and finally, in 1943, obtained from the distillation of IL-2 spinal injury. And anyway, the ego was harsh "sentence" for the 23-year-old pilot who is nothing more in life could not. In addition, retired from the military aviation pilots in those years divorced "nerezanyh like dogs" and with free vacancies was hard. After long wanderings on instances M. Gareeva somehow managed to find a job in the military transport aviation, but with demotion (with navigator regiment to deputy. Squadron leader).

So at the end of 1946 M. GAREEV became part of the 4th Air Division Task (Adon) MVO (division commander, General Grachev and shelves based on the Central Airport in Moscow. Sheremetyevo and Chkalov). Division exploited the first C-47 (in this pleasant and reliable piloting American freighter pilots affectionately nicknamed "Simochka") and its analogue our Li-2, and in mid-1947 there were the first IL-12. Generally, Service M. Gareeva composed BTA has always been shrouded in a thick veil of secrecy, in his memoirs, he never nothing of this writing (limited to an abstract "execution of assigned tasks"), and their home is almost nothing said. So the next part of the story - it is a reconstruction by not full of memories of his family members, friends, colleagues, and the few surviving records.

In 1946-48. M. GAREEV flying the Li-2/S-47 and IL-12 and served mainly domestic flights - were transported all kinds of military and government ranks and weights. And flew to the Far North (handy skill Gareeva visually guided well and "keep the card in my head") - and Chukotka. Wrangel. Subsequently it crews 4th Adon IL-12 provides flights and basing on the ice above the Arctic Circle airfields fighter La-11 (1948-49.). Abroad during this period were flying low, mainly carried any "bumps" in occupied Germany. Aircraft Division provided and rescue operations after a catastrophic earthquake in Ashgabat. Combat pilot during the war, after watching everyone came back shocked to the core and never told any details.

In 1947 he entered the Moscow GAREEV Military Academy. Frunze, and after her graduation in 1952, he served in the 2nd Adon (commander - General Petrov, based in Lyubertsy and Chkalov), where he held the position of squadron commander to deputy division commander for flight training. Division flew to IL-14 (and remained separate instances of IL-12), the geography of flights has grown significantly, especially after 1953. Kinoboevika parlance, 2nd Adon engaged in "special operations" or, to be more precise, "spetsperevozkami." Interestingly, in the division in connection with this, there was strictly routine. For example, IL-14, which flew in the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact countries, carrying the Air Force insignia - red stars and numbers, and flew to the "democrats" and in developing countries (in fact everywhere except in the New World and Australia) carried civic amenities and flag Aeroflot the keel (the inscription "Aeroflot" and logo in the form of wings with a hammer and sickle on them out). In addition to this there were several "naked" (silver) IL-14 in general without any numbers and markings. Received the 2nd Adon after 1957 AN-10 and IL-18 were in the traditional "Aeroflot-the Lithuanian" color, but again without inscription "Aeroflot" and a company logo. Emerged after the 1960 An-12 were in color or Air Force, or - at the "long-haul" - they drew civic amenities and flags over the stars. Aircrews flew in the "not our foreign" by fiat wore civilian suits.

In October-November 1956 M. GAREEV, among other pilots 2nd Adon, performed on IL-14 a few departures in the interest of the Special Corps in CA rebellious Hungary. Planes flew from Moscow with a stopover on the ground and landed IN Carpathian Hungary Veszprem at airbases and Tekel. There carried ammunition and medicines back to the Union - and badly wounded, frightened families Soviet troops. Hungarians repeatedly fired sitting down and taking off "Elah" of small arms, several crews brought bullet holes.


After the 1956 planes 2nd Adon started flying a lot in Yugoslavia, Egypt and Syria - were taken, mainly all kinds of military and civilian experts. At the same time, and flew to China - route ran along the Trans-Siberian Railway.

In the second half of the 1950s and M. GAREEV many long fly to the Far North. Sat on Svalbard, Franz Josef Land, Novaya Zemlya on. Wrangel. And just sat on the ice, he participated in the rescue of people from the drifting ice station JS4 (there was the cracking ice floe) and construction of SP-5. And in 1958-59. had to "throw" on the small outlying islands and drifting stations group of people with some equipment. Later it turned out that these flights took place to ensure that the nuclear tests at Novaya Zemlya, and the mysterious "experts" were physicist.

In 1958-59. M. GAREEV performed on IL-14 several dozen missions in Afghanistan, where King Mohammed Zahir Shah started upgrading its army. Therefore, the main goods were parts for aircrafts and passengers - "military advisers". During his stay in Afghanistan M. GAREEV and other pilots 2nd Adon even gave Afghans recommendations for construction of airfields, particularly Bagram airbase (although built its western builders, it was intended for Soviet art and preparatory work - marking etc. - conducted under "our" control). M. GAREEV was in Afghanistan in October 1958, during a visit to the country Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR KE Voroshilov. He arrived in Kabul at the government Tu-104, but the internal displacement of the Soviet delegation to the country provided IL-14 2nd Adon. In addition, the division trained Afghan pilots crews on IL-14, the supply of which this country was just beginning.

At the turn of 1950-1960-ies M. GAREEV actively involved with the organization "air bridge" in a friendly (as it turned out, not for long) Indonesia. Flights were performed on IL-18, AN-10 and AN-12 on the route Moscow - Chita - Beijing - South China - Yangon - Jakarta. During these group flights M. GAREEV as one of the best pilots 2nd Adon, was the leader and commander of the "air of the caravan." While IL-18 and AN-10 carried passengers (from military experts to journalists) and all sorts of small "gifts for Sukarno" military-industrial purposes. AN-12 was charged something more serious - disassembled MiG-17 and MiG-21F, aircraft engines, etc. In addition, M. GAREEV exercised leadership group missile Tu-16KS-controlled (under the supervision of our instructors) are trained in the USSR Indonesian crews. Indonesians invited our pilots on Sukarno arranged flypast, where, according to the memoirs of M. Gareeva, they concealed pride and without malice to observe the reaction of the western military delegations to the group flight "carcasses", carrying the anti-ship missiles (this combat system for a few years changed the balance of power in Southeast Asia).

In the early 1960s were "romantic" flights - airplanes 2nd Adon drove first astronauts and all those who provided their flights to Baikonur and back. After the flight of Yuri Gagarin pets M. Gareeva quickly realized that if, after a call from the part he suddenly mysteriously in a jovial mood leaving the airfield and disappears after a few days it is necessary to wait for the next start (the intrigue was the fact that in those days the names of astronauts and the timing of their launches were classified!). Luck ran like clockwork, and in one of the documentaries I saw as a family drove GAREEV M. Popovich and Bykovskiy.

During the "Berlin crisis" in 1961 M. GAREEV long wound on the route Moscow - GDR and as remembered his relatives,

     "Disappeared from home for three months."

Around the same time there was a tragicomic episode illustrates some covert operations 2nd Adon. M. Gareeva crew performing some mission, was in Paris. Stood in Bourges, as is usual in such cases, disguised as "Aeroflot". For a while everything was quiet, peaceful: crew, diligently played the role of "geveefovtsev" obvious suspicion, no one called. Suddenly some "wise men" and from the apparatus of our military attache occurred to put around the "civil" IL-18 protection, even without informing the crew commander. Immediately to Gareeva bystanders with the aircraft approached previously flashed nearby people in the form of the French civil aviation and pure Russian asked:

     "What xxxxxxxx disguise?".

Visitor retired and GAREEV cursing "idiots" and began to scribble memo ambassadors and military attaches. Although the French seem to have continued to look at it all "blind eye" (storm broke only in the depths of the embassy), had, as mentioned in the popular comedy, "to tear the claws." Bungling bureaucrats, "lit up" operation, led usually reserved accustomed to "keep your mouth shut" M. Gareeva in such a state of anger that he, to the amazement of the home for the first time "poured the soul."

In 1960 began to unfold the dramatic events in the former Belgian Congo, just embarked on the path of independence. Rebellion in Katanga Province and the subsequent "Buz" summoned the Belgian intervention, deployment of UN troops and escalated into a sluggish, long-term civil war. After the death of the Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo Patrice Lulumby country disintegrated into warring provinces to seek support abroad, particularly in the Soviet Union. M. Gareeva and other pilots 2nd Adon had a route into Africa. Load the contents of which MG GAREEV silent until the end of days, drove through Yugoslavia and Algeria with a final landing in Khartoum (Sudan). From there he was sent once more (some more IL-14 2nd Adon flew directly from Khartoum in the Congo). It's funny that the same airport in Khartoum boarded American transport planes vozivshie weapons for their "own" the Congolese. Parking "Anov" and "Hercules" located almost next door and although our pilots, as usual, were very restrained, Americans, when you meet them affably winked and made hand "OK", they say:

     "Hi, Colleagues One thing to do ..."

According to the memoirs MG Gareeva, during these operations, pilots 2nd Adon quite wary of the Yugoslavs, who somehow went even to direct acts of sabotage against Soviet aircraft. Thus, in 1962-63. (no exact date) AN-12 from the 2nd Adon flying to Algeria (load - apparently aviation spare parts), landed in Belgrade to refuel. Further, when flying over the Mediterranean, from "Ana" suddenly "cut off" all four engines. Crew miraculously landed the plane "on the belly" on the foreshore on. Malta. Investigation (it is likely carried out two commissions - the Soviet-British and Maltese) found that a direct diversion - in extreme wing tanks AN-12, where the fuel is produced in the first place was flooded with jet fuel, but in the central - water .. . According to the plan of those who did, fence "fuel" of the central tank was to begin just when flying over the sea (what actually happened), well on, really, "and ends in the water." The crew bailed out, cool, high aerobatic art, stock height and a slight deviation from the course, which allowed planning to hang on to Malta and to make an emergency landing on the edge of a shallow rocky shore. By the way, the persistent belief MG Gareeva, IL-18 Marshal Turquoise (crashed in Yugoslavia in 1964) "brothers-Slavs" knowingly induced the mountain. GAREEV participated in listening and analyzing records radio transmissions between the crew and ground: this machine then piloted crew 2nd Adon, killed by his subordinates and just the guys with whom he had flown ...

However, such "surprises" have taken place in his native land. One day in late 1963 or early 1964 M. GAREEV raised its AN-12 with WFP Chkalov. Machine is in a climb, when he suddenly got up almost simultaneously all four engines. GAREEV managed to translate laden "AN" in planning, turn 180 º, hold on to the strip and safely land. When parsing the incident revealed that all fuel lines were laid neat circles felt that the growth of thrust gradually drawn into the nozzle. If the plane crashed and burned inevitably, these "material evidence" would have simply disappeared. According to the recollections of loved ones, M. GAREEV long in a state of gloomy reverie. What ended the proceedings - is not known, since the fate of M. Gareeva soon came drastic changes.

By 1964 MG GAREEV graduated from the General Staff Academy and, but the idea was as commander of the 2nd Adon (he was a colonel, deputy. Com. Division for flight training, pilot and navigator 1st class). But life is interfered with what he was warned by the medical board back in 1946 .. In the summer of 1964, during a night flight from Hungary, while flying over the Carpathians in the IL-14 M. GAREEV suddenly "blacked out" for the right helm, losing consciousness. Well, the second pilot was in his seat and managed to seize control of the aircraft falling to the mountains. GAREEV found himself in the Institute of Aviation Medicine in Sokolniki, where doctors pronounced "sentence" is not appealable: can not fly more strongly because of severe cerebrovascular disease (tak-taki made ​​themselves felt injury and concussion received in the war). For 42-year-old officer, who gave the Air Force a quarter century, has reached the heights of his profession, and who could not anything else, it was a real tragedy. Friends offered places in the Moscow headquarters, but decided to leave M. GAREEV in stock due to illness.

However, he could not finally "break" with the army and returned to his home in Bashkiria in 1965 but in 1975 he headed the national committee DOSAAF BASSR that made ​​it possible to directly contact the aircraft by flying clubs Republican. DOSAAF flourished in those years, especially the aviation component (Allied DOSAAF then headed by another former pilot - Three times Hero of the Soviet Union AI Pokryshkin). With this post, MG GAREEV gone but not his will not have a relationship with the then party leadership of the republic (in general, a topic for another long story that does not have, however, with aviation). It all ended with myocardial and general deterioration of health. 9 years later doctors diagnosed terrible diagnosis - cancer. M. Gareeva "promised" 3-6 months of life, but he did not give death three years.


Despite the deadly disease, M. GAREEV still managed to write two books of memoirs. First - 'Stormtroopers go on purpose "- was published back in the 1970s. However, as was the custom in those days, the book mercilessly censored devoid of conscience and literary taste "comrades" of the Heads and Obllita. For example, "dipped" all "unnecessary" details, including geographical indications on airbases, dates, data, etc. etc., which could cause the website is nothing but irritation. Nevertheless, the book has a dozen reprints until 1991 that prompted this book Disadvantages M. Gareeva in the early 1980s to write another book of memoirs - "I live and remember." But it was published in full only in 1997 in Ufa. Prior to that published only individual chapters of the manuscript.


MG GAREEV died September 17, 1987 Buried in Bashkiria only twice Hero of the Soviet Union in the Victory Park Ufa. His grave (part of the memorial complex dedicated to the Great Patriotic War) is located on the high bank of the Belaya River, which is located directly behind the airfield growth where he once learned to fly. Regrettably, that now in Bashkiria rarely remember MG Gareeva, except on major holidays, such as May 9, and bust with grave Hero winter 2000 some hunters piled nonferrous metals and tried to split apart for delivery. Alloy was "illiquid" and greatly damaged the monument. In order to avoid repetition of acts of vandalism city officials found for the blessing even replace metal on a stone bust. Named Hero named Ufa flying club and several schools, including the newly opened "Airborne Cadet Corps."


The author thanks GA Gareeva and EM Gareeva for the material from the family archive.

All photos from the family archive Gareeva.

Color aircraft MG Gareeva restored V. Morozov on memoirs MG Gareeva and GA Gareeva.
Usable litratura:

Vladislav Morozov, "On the" humpback "through war. Strafer MG GAREEV" World Aviation 1.2006
http://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Гареев, _Musa_Gaysinovich



1) By the way, by the standards of the Great Patriotic War is a pretty solid plaque for the cadet.
2) Here and below, the style and spelling of documents stored.
3)That is, the 226-ShAD I lost at least 100 cars. In addition, the claimed figures of German losses in serious need of adjusting downward.
4) A rare case of non-traditional use of IL-2, it is not adapted to night flights. In the late summer of 1943 the regiment was stationed near st. Dolzhanskaya became not annoy triple 111 regular visitors at 9 pm and freely bombed the airfield and station. Punctuality Germans and led them. In the end, the most experienced pilots and captains Bezuglov F. F. Tyulenev in twilight soared single IL-2, and pre-typing obviously greater height steel patrol on the probable route of the "bombers". Bezuglova could still find them, catch up on the decline, and wedged into operation, "fill up" the master. Miraculously sat in the firelight. On the "Ile" Bezuglova counted to a hundred holes. Not nocturnal visits-111 stopped, but "IL" Bezuglova (this was "nine" in which M. GAREEV started fighting in Stalingrad) had to be written off.
5) On such "exotic" way to combat defense calculations except M. Gareeva nobody mentions.
6) Confirmed by ground observers, slaves, etc., ie Soviet side.
7) German sources do not confirm this victory.
8) Galina Migunova (born 1924) was the faithful companion of life MG Gareeva until the last days of his life. They met in the spring of 1943, when she then ShMAS (specialty "master gunsmith" and "Stacker parachutes") arrived in the 76th Guards. ShAP. Prior to that, Mr. Migunova fought a medical orderly in the 333rd Communist Siberian Division, where the spring of 1942 during the battle for Voronezh was seriously injured. Marriage Migounova G. and M. Gareeva registered 11.08.1943 In 1944, the family had a son Valery, in 1946 - the son of Eugene.
9) Generally, for the period of the Soviet Air Force, 1941-45. characterized by very low intensity dnovnoy combat work. Soviet pilots rarely made ​​more than 5 flights a day. For M. Gareeva "daily record" $ 4 departure. For comparison, the Ju 87 pilot Hans-Ulrich Rudel November 25, 1942 committed during daylight 17 (!) Sorties. In this case, it's not about people or technology, but in an ugly state of domestic terrestrial services. Thus, according to the memoirs of M. Gareeva and other pilots and technicians of the 76th Guards. ShAP in shelves 1st Guards. ShAD was not sufficient even benzozapravschike. Techniques for refueling 'mud' often had to pump gasoline from drums hand pump. Winter in the radiator 'mud' poured hot water which in volume hundred liters heated in barrels but the stake. Suspension and even carrying bombs manually was commonplace, often engaged in these girls oruzheynitsy. It is clear that the preparation of the group 'mud' to fly at such a "scientific management" and "mechanization" took several hours (especially in winter). That is, high-intensity missions is not expected. However, all paid off massive use of 'mud', so to say "extensive approach to the problem."
10)According to highly inflated Soviet data, the Germans at the end of 1943 as part of Army Group "South" and "A", there were only 2200 tanks and assault guns.
11)Given that the Soviet Air Force in Crimea opposed such characters, such as "first ace of the Third Reich" Erich Hartmann, this is not surprising.
12)Practice shows that the reports tend to achieve greatly overestimated. Real digit loss accounts for 30-40% of the stated.
12)In those days of fighting career of the Red Army came much faster than, say, in the 1950s. Increase in rank and position occurred mainly after the "liberation of the superior job" when a senior officer finished his career under the modest obelisk. Therefore, the Great Patriotic War were common thirty-generals, twenty-five-colonels - commanders regiments. M. GAREEV, became a major in the parent 23 years old, but in this case an exception, but rather a confirmation of this rule. In peacetime, in order to pass through the ranks from Sergeant way to major would take ten or fifteen years.




Here is part about planes he flown.


Some overall picture




I Think that white IL-2 will be the best addition to the game.




This profile, as same as other profiles of his IL's appears in book:

Il-2 Shturmovik Guards Units of World War 2 by Oleg Rastrenin with that commentary


Edited by Botan
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Ace: Egon Albrecht

nationality: Brazilian

Service: German Luftwaffe

Aircraft: ZG1, ZG76, SKG210 e JG76

Serial Number: W.Nr. 460 593 (his Bf 109 G-14)

Time frame> 1940 - august 1944


--aditional info--


Victories : 25

Awards : Ehrenpokal (21 September 1942)
                Deutschen Kreuz in Gold (3 December 1942)
                Ritterkreuz (22 May 1943)






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Ace: Johannes Steinhoff

Nationality: German

Service: Luftwaffe

Aircraft: Messerschmitt Me262

Variant: A1-a

Serial Number: 111740

Time Frame: September - November 1944

Approved by Biographer: Approved


Victories - 176 claimed

Awards - Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords, Knight Comannder's Cross, Legion of Merit, Légion d'honneur





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Hello guys,


Some great suggestions in the last few posts. Definite thumbs up to Steinhoff, I'll get that processed as soon as I can. I'd need a little more information on Albrecht - a brief internet trawl has revealed he was a member of the Hitler Youth. Obviously this was probably not his decision, but if it led to party membership as an adult, we've got a problem. Any information to clarify this would help a great deal.


In other news, the Galland thread has thrown up the normal amount of controversy, so I'll copy and paste my last post there for the benefit of anybody who might not have seen it:




"Ok guys, rare is the time to bring out the official red ink, but here goes:


- I am confident that I am speaking for all members of staff when I say that there is a colossal difference between members of the German armed forces and members of the Nazi party. Any further accusations that 'all Germans are Nazis' will be treated as racial abuse and sanctions will be placed on user accounts accordingly.


- This isn't the place to discuss politics. This thread is to discuss the actions of one individual who was an airman, not a politician. A number of posts have been hidden as a result and a member of staff has already issued a warning. Any further transgressions will result in sanctions.


- The subject of Erich Hartmann is raised every time we produce an article about Luftwaffe aircrew. It is very easy for people to accuse Gaijin of bias but it is a lot harder when you are stuck between the demands of an international community and the threat of legal action. The company's hands are tied; nothing can be done. It's unfortunate, but it is completely unavoidable. Let's just be thankful that there are plenty of other opportunities to acknowledge the bravery and skill of different individuals.


- Is there a bias in article writing focus? That is nonsense. A few of us brace for forum unrest whenever articles are written and released on certain nations (particularly Germany) but does that mean there is a bias? Not at all. It's impossible to please everybody here, but it is hard to be biased when on a personal level, one is accused of being a 'fascist neo-nazi' and a 'Soviet sympathiser' by members of the community for writing the same article. This hopefully gives some idea of the massive difference people from differing backgrounds, cultures and view points have when they read these articles.


- Does this mean less articles with a German/axis focus? As far as I'm concerned, exactly the opposite. I intend to write more of them. Next month's ace is also from an axis nation, and October will see a shorter feature on Hans-Joachim Marseille. I'm currently in talks with one of our artists to decide which decal we can release as a nod of respect towards Marseille's accomplishments. Naturally this will lead to more accusations of German bias, but we've also got articles about British, Australian and Soviet pilots coming in the next couple of months. 


- As a final note, it is totally understandable that people will get very heated about some of the subject matter here. It is understandable that individuals will want to honour and respect veterans from their own countries, as well as many others. However, this isn't a good reason to be bickering and arguing over the whole thing. Please, everybody take a deep breath, a step back, avoid the politics and insults, and try to take this forum for what it is; an opportunity to learn and share points of view in a mature and adult fashion.


Many thanks."

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Also Wafu, you might want to re-evaluate the inclusion of Clive "Killer" Caldwell on the list.


The Next day, December 14, Oberfeldwebel Hermann Förster of 2 staffel, who had scored 13 victories, was overwelmed in a fight with several Tomahawks. He bailed out after losing his engine, but he was strafed in his parachute. This Horrific event was witnessed by several pilots, including Schroer and Rödel.


Its quite likely that the Allied pilot who killed Förster was Clive Caldwell; while not claiming a kill, he did claim a damaged aircraft, and he stated that he did not see any reason for the Germans who bailed out to get back into the war. However, in at least one conciliatory act of chivalry, he also stated that once they were on the ground, he would not strafe them."


Caldwell knew that such an action would be violating international law, and his justification was that he had seen a German intentionally strafe one of his men in a similar fashion. Accidents do happen, but there is no record of any German pilot intentionally killing an enemy in his Parachute. It is hard to believe that no one would have reported a JG-27 pilot committing the act, giving standing doctrine and personalities who commanded the unit.

source: Star of Africa, Colin D Heaton & Anne-Marie Lewis, Zenith press, 2012, Page 76-77

if this is true, it would make him a War criminal as he violated the Geneva convention of 1929, of which the UK and Australia where parties.

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I've recently read that book whilst researching Marseille. I've heard a few accusations levelled at Caldwell, but never anything confirmed. Still, you are totally correct, this is controversial territory. I'll go have a word with our two Aussie Historical Consultants and then report back...

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Ace: Josef Priller

Nationality: German

Service: Luftwaffe

Aircraft: Focke Wulf Fw 190

Variant: A-8

Serial Number: 170346

Time Frame: June 1944 - May 1945

Approved by Biographer: Approved


Victories - 101 claimed, all on the Western Front

Awards - Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves and Swords


Remarks - shot down 11 4-engined bombers, 68 Spitfires,11 Hurricanes, 5 two-engined bombers and 5 US fighters.

Was the only Luftwaffe pilot to attack the Allied troops from the air during D-Day.

After the war he became a manager of a brewery.




His airplane (WARNING - SWASTIKAS):






EDIT - I found another one :)


Ace: Walter Krupinski

Nationality: German

Service: Luftwaffe

Aircraft: Messerschmitt Bf 109

Variant: G-6

Serial Number: 20062

Time Frame: March - July 1943

Approved by Biographer: Approved


Victories - 197 claimed

Awards - Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany



Edited by wafu_vasco
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Ace: Walter Krupinski

Nationality: German

Service: Luftwaffe

Aircraft: Messerschmitt Bf 109

Variant: G-6

Serial Number: 20062

Time Frame: March - July 1943

Approved by Biographer: Pending


Victories - 197 claimed

Awards - Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany





I think it would be a easier for Mark if you document proposed planes a little better. You have my skype just write I will help as much as I can :)


Also, we have plenty proposed skins for Bf 109G-6, what about Bf 109F-2, so far if I'm correct nobody proposed ace for this Bf 109 version? And Bf 109F-2 have only one skin now.





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I only just read about this pilot .. I hope he is a suitable Ace for WT ..


AceHauptmann Emil "Bully" Lang

Nationality - German

Service - Luftwaffe

Aircraft - FW 190

Variant - A8

Serial Number -  (Werknummer 171 240—factory number) "Green 1"

Time frame - Sept 1944

Approved  by Biographer - Approved


Victories - 173 (18 in one day)




Emil “Bully” Lang was born on 14 January 1909 at Talheim (near Sontheim) in the Neckar region of Württemberg. Lang was a well-known track-and-field athlete and professional civilian pilot with Lufthansa before World War 2. He earned the nickname “Bully” from his bulldog-like appearance. At the outbreak of World War 2, Lang was serving with a transport unit. In 1942, he was accepted for fighter pilot training. Lang was posted to JG 54, based on the Eastern Front, at the beginning of 1943 and, at 34 years of age, was one of the oldest pilots in the Jagdwaffe! Leutnant Lang was assigned to 1./JG 54. He gained his first three victories in March. In April, he transferred to 5./JG 54 and, by 20 August, had been appointed Staffelkapitän.  In October and November, Lang claimed 101 victories (25-125)!. He recorded 68 victories during October, including 10 on 13 October (50-59) and 12 on 21 October (60-71) for which he was awarded the Ehrenpokal.  On 3 November, Lang claimed 18 victories over the Kiev region (101-118). He was awarded the Ritterkreuz on 22 November for 119 victories. Three days later, Lang was awarded the Deutsches Kreuz in Gold. On 9 April 1944, Oberleutnant Lang was appointed Staffelkapitän of 9./JG 54 engaged in Reich Defence. He was awarded the Eichenlaub (Nr. 448) on 11 April 1944. In June, Lang claimed 15 victories, including his 150th victory on 14 June and four USAAF P-51 fighters shot down on 20 June. Hauptmann Lang was appointed Gruppenkommandeur of II./JG 26 on 28 June 1944. On 9 July 1944, Lang shot down three RAF Spitfire fighters in five minutes, on 15 August, two USAAF P-47 fighters in one minute, on 25 August, three USAAF P-38 twin-engine fighters in five minutes and on 26 August, three Spitfires for his final victories. On 3 September 1944, Lang had had mechanical trouble with his aircraft. When he finally took off from Melsbroek at the head of a three aircraft Kette, he had difficulty raising his undercarriage. Ten minutes later RAF Spitfires XIV of  41 Squadron intercepted them. Lang was last seen diving vertically with his undercarriage extended. His Fw 190 A-8 (W.Nr. 171 240) “Green 1” hit the ground and exploded near St Trond. He was shot down by Flt/Lt Terry Spencer.
   Emil Lang is credited with 173 victories in 403 missions. He recorded 144 victories over the Eastern Front and 29 victories over the Western Front (including nine Spitfire, nine P-51, six P-47 and four P-38 fighters), 28 of which were claimed over the Invasion Front, the highest total of a German ace.




source - http://www.luftwaffe.cz/lang.html

Edited by wafu_vasco
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